Professor Ray Bull
Currently Professor of Forensic Psychology at the University of Leicester, England.
- Investigative Psychology.
Current research area:
- Investigative interviewing.
Selected research grants:
- In 2007 I was awarded (as sole applicant) a grant of £154,947 by the EPSRC to conduct research on raising challenges to deception.
- In 2007 Dr. R.Holliday (University of Kent-PI), Dr. R. Milne (University of Portsmouth), Professor A. Memon (University of Aberdeen) and I were awarded a grant of £50,498 by the Leverhulme Trust to conduct research on interviewing older witnesses.
- In 2003 Dr. A. Vrij (PI), Dr. R. Fisher, Dr. B. Milne and I were awarded a grant of £129,052 by the ESRC to conduct research on the effects of interviewing style on cues to deception.
- In 2002/3 I led a small team awarded (via the University of Portsmouth Enterprises Ltd.) a tender of over £70,000 to produce an extensive training pack on the interviewing of vulnerable witnesses including children.
- 191. BULL,R. (Ed.) (2011). Forensic psychology – a for volume set of readings. London: Sage.
- 190. Brownsell, A., and BULL, R. (In press). Magistrates’ beliefs concerning verbal and non-verbal behaviours as indicators of deception. European Journal of Psychology in Legal Contexts.
- 189. Burrell, A. and BULL, R. (In press). A preliminary examination of crime analysts’ views and experiences of comparative case analysis. International Journal of Police Science and Management.
- 188. Drake, K. and BULL, R. (In press). Individual differences in interrogative suggestibility: Life adversity and field-dependence. Psychology, Crime and Law.
- 187. Holliday, R., Humphries, J., Milne, R., Memon, A., Houlder, L., Lyons, A., & BULL, R. (In press). Reducing misinformation effects in older witnesses with Cognitive Interview mnemonics. Psychology & Aging.
- 186. Smith,L. and BULL, R. (In press). Identifying and measuring juror pre-trial bias for forensic vidence: Development and validation of the Forensic Evidence Evaluation Bias Scale.
- 185. Smith, L., BULL, R., and Holliday, R. (In press). Understanding juror perceptions of forensic evidence: Investigating the impact of case context. Journal of Forensic Sciences.
- 184. Tonkin, M., BULL, R., and Santtila, P. (In press). The linking of burglary crimes using offender behavior: Testing research cross-nationally and exploring methodology. Legal and Criminological Psychology.
- 183. Walsh, D., and BULL, R. (In press). Still giving ‘PEACE’ a chance? An examination of the beliefs, attitudes and perceptions of benefit fraud investigation professionals. Social Psychological Review.
- 182. Walsh, D., and BULL, R. (In press). Examining rapport in investigative interviews with suspects: Does its building and maintenance work? Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology.
- 181. Walsh, D., and BULL, R. (In press). How do interviewers attempt to overcome suspects’ denials? Psychiatry, Psychology and Law.
- 180. Wilcock, R. and BULL, R. (In press). Novel lineup methods for improving the performance of older eyewitnesses. Applied Cognitive Psychology.
- 179. BULL, R. (2010). The investigative interviewing of children and other vulnerable witnesses: Psychological research and working/professional practice. Legal and
- Criminological Psychology, 15, 5-23.
- 178. BULL, R. and Soukara, S. (2010). A set of studies of what really happens in police interviews with suspects. In G. D. Lassiter and C. Meissner (Eds.) Interrogations and confessions. Washington: American Psychological Association. This book won the 2010 ‘Book Award’ from the American Psychology-Law Society and the ‘best book in psychology’ award of the Professional/Scholarly Publishing Division of the Association of American Publishers.
- 177. Walsh, D. and BULL, R. (2010). Interviewing suspects of fraud: An in-depth analysis of interviewing skills. Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 38, 99-135.
- 176. Walsh, D. and BULL, R. (2010). What really is effective in interviews with suspects? A study comparing interview skills against interview outcomes. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 15, 305-321.
- 175. BULL, R., Valentine, T., and Williamson, T. (Eds.) (2009). Handbook of psychology of investigative interviewing. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
- 174. BULL, R., Feix, M. and Stein, L. (2009). Detectando mentiras em entrevistas forenses. In S. Rovinski and R. Cruz (Eds.) Psicologia juridica: Perspevtivas teoricas e processos de intervencao. Sao Paulo: Vetor.
- 173. Curran, J. and BULL, R. (2009). An evaluation of the ‘Ross Program’. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 16, S81-S89.
- 172. Kask, K. and BULL, R. (2009). The effects of different presentation methods on multi-ethnicity face recognition. Psychology, Crime and Law, 15, 73-89.
- 171. Kask, K. and BULL, R. (2009). From person descriptions to interviewing methods: What can be done to improve child witnesses’ testimonies? Trames, 2, 95-108.
- 170. Shawyer, A., Milne, R., and BULL, R. (2009). Investigative interviewing in the UK. In S. Savage, R. Milne, and T. Williamson (Eds.) International developments in investigative interviewing. Cullompton: Willan.
- 169. Sleath, E. and BULL, R. (2009). Male rape victim and perpetrator blaming. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25, 969-988.
- 168. Soukara, S., BULL, R., Vrij, A., Turner, M., and Cherryman, C. (2009). A study of what really happens in police interviews with suspects. Psychology, Crime and Law, 15, 493-506.
- Interviewing suspects: The tactical use of potentially incriminating evidence to detect verbal deception. Paper presented at the Fourth International Investigative Interviewing Conference, Brussels, Belgium, June, 2010.
- Research on trying to improve the effectiveness of interviewing suspects. A Keynote Address at the Third Annual Conference of the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group, Stavern, Norway, June, 2010
- Detecting deception: The presence and frequency of non-verbal cues to deception during interviews under high cognitive load. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the European Association of Psychology and Law, Goteborg, Sweden, June, 2010.
- Research on detecting deception. An Invited Lecture at the Third Krakow Conference of Psychology and Law, Poland, May, 2010.
- What research can tell us about the best way to interview suspects. An Invited Lecture to the New Zealand Police, Wellington, New Zealand, April, 2010.
- Strategy and tactics: Detecting deception and the use of information during interviews with suspects. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Psychology – Law Society, Vancouver, Canada, March, 2010.
- An overview of psychological research on detecting deception, an Invited Lecture at the University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, January, 2010.
- How to interview to detect deception. An Invited Lecture to the United Nations Internal Investigation Branch, Vienna, Austria, November, 2009.
- What does research tell us on the interviewing of suspects. An Invited Keynote Address at the Annual Conference of the European Association of Psychology and Law, Sorrento, Italy, September, 2009.
- A new strategy for police interviews with suspects. Paper presented at the Biennial Conference of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, Kyoto, Japan, July 2009.
- Research on police interviewing. An Invited Lecture at the University of Hokkaido, Japan, July 2009.
- Can police interviews with suspected offenders have a therapeutic jurisprudence perspective? Paper presented at the Congress of the International Association of Law and Mental Health. New York, June, 2009.