The aim of this study was to conduct an extensive black and grey literature review to provide decision makers with practical information on key characteristics of best practice interventions for the prevention of overweight and obesity among children aged 2-6 years of age. In particular, the study aimed to determine how interventions in different (clinical, childcare and community based) settings can strengthen the role of primary health care providers (PHCPs) to overcome the barriers and facilitate the participation of parents in the prevention of overweight and obesity in young children.
The specific objectives of this study were to:
The review indicated a major gap exists for the development of programs aimed at children aged 2-6 years despite growing national and international calls for action to strengthen research on cross-sector, population focused. It highlights the importance of understanding and addressing key barriers to effective engagement between parents and PHCPs. In the absence of rigid scientific evidence based on randomized control trials to assess the success of PHCP interventions for the prevention of overweight and obesity in young children, this report outlines the need to synthesize evidence on “promising” interventions. To this end, it reviews a range of intervention options for use in different clinical, child care, and home and community-based settings, and appraises these according to their ability to engage PHC primary health care providers, enhance parent participation, promote a broader population based approach, and encourage primary health care providers to become involved in more upstream activities. The report outlines 11 promising interventions, highlighting how they engage primary health care providers, enhance parent participation, promote a broader population based approach and encourage primary health care providers to become involved in more upstream activities.
ANU Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute (APHCRI) & the Department of Health and Ageing
For further information about this project please contact Dr Lydia Hearn at firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Lydia Hearn
Professor Donna Cross
Mrs Margaret Miller
University of Michigan, United States, Professor Ken Resnicow
Curtin University, Ms Delia Hendrie
Ms Renee Campbell-Pope
Associate Professor Stacey Waters