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Professor Ray Froend

Associate Dean

Contact Information Telephone: +61 8 6304 5563, Mobile: 0419723015, Email: r.froend@ecu.edu.au, Campus: Joondalup, Room: JO19.347
Staff Member Details
Telephone: +61 8 6304 5563
Mobile: 0419723015
Facsimile: +61 8 9400 5509
Email: r.froend@ecu.edu.au
Campus: Joondalup  
Room: JO19.347  

 

Ray is a Professor in the School of Science and is Director of the Centre for Ecosystem Management.

Current Teaching

  • SCI3122 - Natural Sciences Project Unit
  • SCM2201 - Soil and Land Processes
  • SCI3122 - Sustainable Water Resource management
  • SCI2257 - Water and Wetlands Management
  • SCI5124 - Soil Conservation and Land Management
  • SCI5126 - Environmental Water Requirements
  • SCI5108 - Water Demand Management

Background

  • 2014-present: Professor, School of Natural Sciences, Edith Cowan University
  • 2006-2014: Associate Professor, School of Natural Sciences, Edith Cowan University
  • 1999-2006: Senior Lecturer, School of Natural Sciences, Edith Cowan University
  • 2002-2004: Director, Centre for Ecosystem Management, Edith Cowan University
  • 1996-1999: Lecturer, School of Natural Sciences, Edith Cowan University.
  • 1995-1996: Senior Environmental Officer, Environmental Management Section, Water Resources Directorate, Water Authority of WA.
  • 1991-1994: Research Officer, Hydrology and Land Use Research Section, Water Authority of WA.
  • 1988-1991: Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Environmental Science, Murdoch University.

Professional Memberships

  • Ecological Society of Australia
  • International Association for Vegetation Science
  • British Ecological Society
  • Australian Society for Limnology
  • Royal Society of Western Australia

Research Areas and Interests

  • Hydroecology – Determining the water regimes required to maintain and enhance conservation values of terrestrial, aquatic and riparian ecosystems. In particular, water requirements of terrestrial phreatophytic and wetland/riparian vegetation.
  • Management of aquatic and groundwater dependent ecosystems – Allocation planning of water resources to meet environmental requirements. Development of monitoring strategies and programmes for assessing effectiveness of environmental water provisions.
  • Groundwater dependent vegetation – Impact of altered groundwater regimes on native plants at the individual, population and community level. Ecophysiology of phreatophytic vegetation and determining variability in water source partitioning. Population dynamics of phreatophytic species and response to long-term changes in groundwater regime and climate
  • Ecology and biology of wetland plants - Recruitment biology of wetland tree, shrub and emergent species. Species response to altered water quantity and quality.

Qualifications

  • PhD, The University of Western Australia.
  • Bachelor of Science Honours, The University of Western Australia, 1987.

Research

Recent Research Grants

  • ECU-Thermo Research Facility Manager,  Thermo Fisher Scientific Australia Pty Ltd,  Grant,  2016 - 2018,  $267,603.
  • The Development of Operational Rules for Management of Shallow Groundwater in Water Limited Ecosystems Project: Preliminary Works,  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2012 - 2017,  $1,067,546.
  • OzFlux - measurement of atmospheric fluxes over a native vegetation at Gingin,  Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO),  Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN),  2015 - 2017,  $232,000.
  • Nutrient uptake by deep roots: An ionomic approach,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Capability Enhancement Scheme - 2016 Round 1,  2016 - 2017,  $8,500.
  • Environmental monitoring and investigations for the Jandakot Mound (Jandakot Wetland Vegetation Monitoring),  Department of Water (WA),  Tender,  2016 - 2017,  $25,755.
  • Environmental monitoring and investigations for the Gnangara Mound (Gnangara Wetland Vegetation Monitoring),  Department of Water (WA),  Tender,  2016 - 2017,  $46,007.
  • Ecohydrological Habitat Characterisation and Modelling to Improve Restoration Prioritisation and Outcomes within Former Pine Plantation Areas of the Gnangara Mound, Western Australia,  Department of Parks and Wildlife WA,  Grant,  2011 - 2016,  $146,314.
  • Environmental Monitoring and Investigations for the Gnangara and Jandakot Mounds ? Wetland Vegetation Monitoring ,  Department of Water (WA),  Tender,  2013 - 2016,  $200,380.
  • Toolibin Lake and surrounding reserves water balance investigation ? vegetation water use: 1977-2015 (Desktop Assessment),  Department of Parks and Wildlife WA,  Grant,  2016,  $19,961.
  • Research to inform the assessment of ecohydrological responses to coal seam gas extraction and coal mining,  Department of the Environment,  Office of Water Science - Grant,  2015 - 2016,  $755,696.
  • Quantification of the Biodiversity of the Lake MacLeod Northern Ponds,  Dampier Salt Limited Perth Division,  Grant-Dampsalt,  2010 - 2016,  $433,711.
  • Resistance is useful: Characterising plant resistance to water stress in a drying landscape. ,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Early Career Researcher Grant - 2014,  2014 - 2015,  $16,877.
  • Management of Brine Disposal into Inland Ecosystems,  National Centre of Excellence in Desalination,  NCED - Funding Rounds,  2011 - 2014,  $1,089,433.
  • Provision of Ecohydrological Study of Riparian Vegetation,  Department of Parks and Wildlife WA,  Tender,  2013 - 2014,  $64,700.
  • BHP Billiton Iron Ore (BHPBIO) Ecological Water Asset Project - Regional Ecohydrology Monitoring Network ,  BHP Billiton,  Grant,  2013 - 2014,  $266,342.
  • Identifying wetlands of significance within the Gnangara pine plantations - Evaluation of general landscape and land-use attributes (Step 1) and habitat attributes and socio-political values (Step 2),  Sandbourne Holdings,  Grant,  2012 - 2013,  $26,791.
  • Environmental Monitoring and Investigations for the Gnangara and Jandakot Mounds - Wetland Vegetation and End of Summer Monitoring,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2008 - 2013,  $165,048.
  • Ecohydrological Equilibrium Theory and Banksia Woodland Vegetation,  Department of Environment and Conservation WA,  Grant,  2010 - 2013,  $35,000.
  • Adapting to climate change: a risk assessment and decision framework for managing groundwater dependent ecosystems with declining water levels,  National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility,  National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF),  2012 - 2013,  $85,180.
  • Applying remotely sensed estimates of evapotranspiration to contrast water-use patterns of vegetation on the Gnangara mound: a heavily utilised groundwater resource.,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Early Career Researcher - Grant,  2012 - 2013,  $20,777.
  • Variation in morphological and physiological traits of a widespread and localised eucalypt species as a reflection of adaptive capacity in a drying climate,  National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility,  National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF),  2011 - 2012,  $7,000.
  • Water source use in midwest vegetation,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2012,  $13,953.
  • Identifying wetlands of significance within the Gnangara pine plantations; a desktop assessment,  Sandbourne Holdings,  Grant,  2011 - 2012,  $44,486.
  • Management Framework for Groundwater Dependent Vegetation - South West,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2008 - 2012,  $240,008.
  • Centre of Excellence for Ecohydrology,  University of Western Australia,  Centre of Excellence,  2009 - 2012,  $336,300.
  • Ecophysiology Study of Riparian Vegetation,  Department of Environment and Conservation WA,  Grant,  2009 - 2012,  $60,638.
  • Mitigation of impacts on groundwater dependent vegetation through adaptive abstraction regimes,  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2006 - 2012,  $635,165.
  • Eco-Hydrological Study - Gnangara Mound,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2008 - 2010,  $258,592.
  • Mitigation of impacts on groundwater dependent vegetation through adaptive abstraction regimes,  Australian Research Council,  Grant - Linkage (APAI),  2006 - 2010,  $436,265.
  • Vegetation Monitoring of Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems on the Southern Blackwood Plateau and Eastern Scott Coastal Plain,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2006 - 2010,  $104,169.
  • Vegetation Monitoring - Swan Coastal Plain,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2007 - 2010,  $36,535.
  • Lake Bryde EWR Project,  Department of Environment and Conservation WA,  Grant,  2009 - 2010,  $2,739.
  • A High Resolution Isotope Facility for Low Cost Analysis of Water, Plant and Soil/Sediment Samples to Understand Environmental Change,  Australian Research Council,  Grant - Linkage (Infrastructure),  2010,  $352,000.
  • Literature Review of the Ecophysiology of Riparian Plants,  Department of Environment and Conservation WA,  Grant,  2008 - 2009,  $35,742.
  • Establish Baseline Wetland Vegetation Monitoring for New Sites: Shallow Groundwater Systems Investigation of the Gnangara and Jandakot Groundwater Mounds,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2008 - 2009,  $17,752.
  • Phreatophytic Vegetation and Groundwater Studies (Phase 2),  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2002 - 2008,  $541,071.
  • Investigation of Yate Swamp Hydroperiod requirements within the Lake Bryde recovery catchment,  Department of Conservation and Land Management,  Grant,  2005 - 2008,  $44,954.
  • Fire management implications for the wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain,  Fire and Emergency Services Authority of WA,  Grant,  2006 - 2008,  $58,850.
  • Environmental water requirements of priority water resources in the South Coastal Region,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2006 - 2008,  $72,321.
  • The cause(s) and management of the Eucalyptus gomphocephala decline epidemic in Western Australia,  Australian Research Council,  Grant - Linkage (Projects),  2006 - 2008,  $80,400.
  • Wetland Vegetation Monitoring: Environmental Monitoring and Investigations for Gnangara Mound,  Water and Rivers Commission WA,  Grant,  2002 - 2008,  $117,955.
  • EWR Framework Development,  Department of Water (WA),  Grant,  2006 - 2008,  $30,560.
  • Selection of groundwater-dependent ecosystem criteria sites in the Bunbury-Busselton-Capel groundwater areas and establishment of vegetation transects,  Department of Environment Regulation WA,  Grant,  2006 - 2007,  $43,138.
  • Plant water relations in rehabilitated residue areas and an analogue coastal vegetation community,  Alcoa of Australia Ltd,  Grant,  2007,  $26,542.
  • Seasonal and historical groundwater use by pines,  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2004 - 2006,  $97,424.
  • Determination of ecological water requirements for groundwater-dependent ecosystems - Southern Blackwood and Eastern Scott Coastal Plain,  Department of Environment Regulation WA,  Grant,  2005 - 2006,  $54,487.
  • Study of Ecological Water Requirements on the Gnangara and Jandakot Mounds under Section 46 of the Environment Protection Act.,  Water and Rivers Commission WA,  Grant,  2003 - 2005,  $109,920.
  • Assessment of ecological risk associated with irrigation systems in the Ord - Phase 2 - Ecological risk assessment and the impact of irrigation return on biodiversity in the Lower Ord River.,  Water and Rivers Commission WA,  Grant,  2002 - 2005,  $80,244.
  • Eucalyptus gomphocephela (tuart) decline in Western Australia,  Australian Research Council,  Grant - Linkage (APAI),  2003 - 2005,  $138,813.
  • End of summer assessment of condition of Gnangara & Jandakot GDEs,  Department of Environment Regulation WA,  Grant,  2005,  $14,000.
  • Ludlow leaf water potential studies,  Cable Sands (WA) Pty Ltd,  Grant,  2004 - 2005,  $9,131.
  • Environmental Water - Field Investigations and Reporting,  Water and Rivers Commission WA,  Grant,  2002 - 2004,  $41,000.
  • Toolibin Lake Vegetation Water Requirements,  Department of Conservation and Land Management,  Grant,  2000 - 2003,  $31,473.
  • Optimising the design of constructed wetlands for stormwater quality management,  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2000 - 2002,  $10,000.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)

Books

  • Sommer, B., McGuinness, S., Froend, R., Horwitz, P., (2013), Assessing risks to groundwater dependent wetland ecosystems in a drying climate: an approach to facilitate adaptation to climate change. Adapting to climate change: a risk assessment and decision framework for managing groundwater dependent ecosystems with declining water levels, 84, Gold Coast, Australia.
  • Chambers, J., Nugent, G., Sommer, B., Speldewinde, P., Neville, S., Beatty, S., Chilcott, S., Eberhard, S., Mitchell, N., D'souza, F., Barron, O., McFarlane, D., Braimbridge, M., Robson, B., Close, P., Morgan, D., Pinder, A., Froend, R., Horwitz, P., Cook, B., Davies, P., (2013), Development and Case Studies: Adapting to climate change: a risk assessment and decision making framework for managing groundwater dependent ecosystems with declining water levels., 112, Gold Coast, Australia.
  • Chambers, J., Nugent, G., Sommer, B., Speldewinde, P., Neville, S., Beatty, S., Chilcott, S., Eberhard, S., Mitchell, N., D'souza, F., Barron, O., McFarlane, D., Braimbridge, M., Robson, B., Close, P., Morgan, D., Pinder, A., Froend, R., Horwitz, P., Cook, B., Davies, P., (2013), Guidelines for use: Adapting to climate change: a risk assessment and decision making framework for managing groundwater dependent ecosystems with declining water levels., 68, Gold Coast, Australia.

Book Chapters

  • Loomes, R., Froend, R., Sommer, B., (2013), Response of wetland vegetation to climate change and groundwater decline on the Swan Coastal Plain, Western Australia: Implications for management. Groundwater and Ecosystems, 207-219, London.
  • Froend, R., Davies, M., Martin, M., (2013), A shift in ecohydrological state of groundwater dependent vegetation due to climate change and groundwater drawdown on the Swan Coastal Plain of Western Australia. Groundwater and Ecosystems, 197-206, London.

Journal Articles

  • Canham, C., Froend, R., Stock, W., (2015), Rapid root elongation by phreatophyte seedlings does not imply tolerance of water table decline. Trees: Structure and Function, 29(3), 815-824, Heidelberg, Germany, DOI: 10.1007/s00468-015-1161-z.
  • Sommer, B., Froend, R., (2014), Phreatophytic vegetation responses to groundwater depth in a drying mediterranean-type climate. Journal of Vegetation Science, 25(4), 1045-1055, Sweden, DOI: 10.1111/jvs.12178.
  • Barron, O., Froend, R., Hodgson, G., Ali, R., Dawes, W., Davies, P., Macfarlane, D., (2013), Projected risks to groundwater-dependent terrestrial vegetation caused by changing climate and groundwater abstraction in the Central Perth Basin, Western Australia. Hydrological Processes, 28(22), 5513-5529, Online, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10014.
  • Drake, P., Froend, R., Franks, P., (2013), Smaller, faster stomata: scaling of stomatal size, rate of response, and stomatal conductance. Journal Of Experimental Botany, 64(2), 495-505, United Kingdom, DOI: 10.1093/jxb/ers347 10.1093/jxb/ers347?.
  • Canham, C., Froend, R., Stock, W., Davies, M., (2012), Dynamics of phreatophyte root growth relative to a seasonally fluctuating water table in a Mediterranean-type environment. Oecologia, 170(4), 909?916, Germany, DOI: 10.1007/s00442-012-2381-1.
  • Whitley, R., Taylor, D., Macinnis-Ng, C., Zeppel, M., Yunusa, I., O'Grady, A., Froend, R., Medlyn, B., Eamus, D., (2012), Developing an empirical model of canopy water flux describing the common response of transpiration to solar radiation and VPD across five contrasting woodlands and forests. Hydrological Processes, 27(8), 1133-1146, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.9280.
  • Stock, W., Bourke, L., Froend, R., (2012), Dendroecological indicators of historical responses of pines to water and nutrient availability on a superficial aquifer in south-western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management, 264(2012), 108-114, DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.09.033.

Reports

  • Coughran, J., Wilson, J., Froend, R., (2013), Wetland values of the eastern Pilbara: diversity and distribution of ecohydrological features., Perth, W.A..
  • Sommer, B., Froend, R., Blake, D., (2012), Prioritizing wetlands for restoration within the Gnangara pine plantation., Perth, W.A..

Research Student Supervision

Principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Identification Of Social Water Requirements For Water Resource Planning.
  • Water Use Of Phreatophytic Banksia, Swan Coastal Plain
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Influence Of Hydrological And Environmental Conditions On Mangrove Vegetation At Coastal And Inland Semi-arid Areas Of The Gascoyne Region
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Drought Traits Of Eucalyptus Gomphocephala In Yalorup National Park
  • Recruitment Of Riparian Vegetation, Ord And Blackwood
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Identifying Plant Functional Traits To Assist Ecological Intervention In A Drying Landscape
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  The Response Of Banksia Roots To Change In Water Table Level In A Mediterranean-type Environment.

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Modelling Wetland Plant Response To Altered Water Regime
  • Restoration Of A Wheatbelt Wetland
  • Physiognamy And Species Richness Of Riparian Plants, Wa
  • Environmental Correlates Of Tuart Decline
  • Livestock Grazing In Jarrah Woodland Remnants
  • Productivity And Development Of Peat Deposits

Associate Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Water Resource Options For Sustainable Development In The Pilbara Region Of Western Australia
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