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Professor Fang Zhao

Professor of Management

Contact Information Telephone: +61 8 6304 5282, Email:, Campus: Joondalup, Room: JO2.350
Staff Member Details
Telephone: +61 8 6304 5282
Campus: Joondalup  
Room: JO2.350  


Fang Zhao is a Professor in the School of Business and Law, Edith Cowan University in Perth, Australia.


Professor Fang Zhao is a passionate researcher with a successful track record mainly in the areas of e-government diffusion, entrepreneurship and innovation, and cross-cultural management and education. Her current research focuses on the rapidly growing phenomena in the digital economy – Digital Entrepreneurship and Smart Cities/Suburbs. She has published around 100 research works internationally, including a number of articles in high-impact journals such as Academy of Management Learning and Education; Information and Management; Internet Research, Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, etc. She has authored and edited 3 research books. Professor Zhao has led and completed a large number of research projects funded by governments, industry/business and universities, including Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Grant. She has chaired and organised around 20 international academic conferences and has served on 8 Editorial Boards of international refereed academic journals.

Professor Zhao has worked as the Associate Dean – Management at School of Business and Law of Edith Cowan University, the Professor and Head of the School of Management and Public Administration of the University of the South Pacific, Fiji, and also the Professor and Acting Head of Management Department at the School of Business and Management (AACSB-Accredited) of American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Professor Zhao, being a Principle Supervisor, is currently supervising 2 PhD candidates. She has supervised 5 doctoral candidates to successful completion at RMIT University. Being a strong advocate for international mobility and education, she has extensive management education and teaching experience in Australia and overseas - China, Hong Kong, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates and Fiji.

Professional Association

  • Academy of Management, 2005-present.
  • Academy of International Business, 2013-2014
  • ANZAM, 2016-2017

Awards and Recognition

  • 2014 & 2015 - Best X-Culture Instructor (awarded by Global X-Culture Project coordinated by The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA. More detail at
  • 2013 & 2014 - Research Catalyst Award – American University of Sharjah

Research Areas and Interests

  • Digital Entrepreneurship and Innovation
  • Smart Cities/Communities
  • E-Government Diffusion
  • Cross-Cultural Management
  • Strategic Alliances
  • Research Commercialisation
  • Performance Measurement
  • Total Quality Management
  • Knowledge Management


  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of Western Sydney, 1998.


Recent Research Grants

  • Researching the activities of logistics services quality management in organizations,  Vietnam International Education Development of the Ministry of Education and Training,  VIED - Scholarship,  2016 - 2020,  $80,000.
  • Growing and capitalizing on digital entrepreneurship – Business and national strategies ,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Collaboration Enhancement Scheme - 2016 Round 1,  2016 - 2017,  $6,080.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)

Journal Articles

  • Waxin, M., Lindsay, V., Belkhodja, O., Zhao, F., (2018), Workforce localization in the UAE: Recruitment and selection challenges and practices in private and public organizations. Journal of Developing Areas, 52(4), 99-113.
  • Zhao, F., Naidu, S., Singh, G., Sewak, A., Chand, A., Karan, M., (2018), An empirical study of e-government diffusion in Fiji: a holistic and integrative approach. Public Management Review, online(online), 1-23, DOI: 10.1080/14719037.2017.1400585.
  • Wallis, J., Zhao, F., (2018), e-Government Development and Government Effectiveness: A Reciprocal Relationship. International Journal of Public Administration, online(online), 1-13, DOI: 10.1080/01900692.2016.1273950.
  • Shen, KN., Zhao, F., Khalifa, M., (2017), Dural identity process for virtual community participation and impact of gender composition. Internet Research, 27(2), 182-198, Emerald, DOI: 10.1108/IntR-06-2015-0166.
  • Kemp, L., Zhao, F., (2016), Influences of cultural orientations on Emirati women’s careers. Personnel Review, 45(5), 998-1009, U.K., Emerald Group Publishing Limited, DOI: 10.1108/PR-08-2014-0187.
  • Zhao, F., Wallis, J., Singh, M., (2015), E-government development and the digital economy: a reciprocal relationship. Internet Research, 25(5), 734-766, Bingley, UK, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., DOI: 10.1108/IntR-02-2014-0055.
  • Machado, C., Scavarda, A., Zhao, F., Kipper, L., (2015), A Proposal of an Energy Saving Technology Framework for the Hospital. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 45(1), 241-246, Milan, Italy, Associazione Italiana di Ingegneria Chimica, DOI: 10.3303/CET1545041.
  • Wallis, J., Zhao, F., (2014), Legitimating Leader Admiration:A Social Constructionist Perspective on a Classroom Experiment. International Journal of Arts and Commerce, 3(8), 248-262.
  • Zhao, F., Collier, A., Deng, H., (2014), A multidimensional and integrative approach to study global digital divide and e-government development. Information Technology and People, 27(1), 38 - 62, Bingley, UK, Emerald, DOI: 10.1108/ITP-01-2013-0022.
  • Zhao, F., Shen, K., Collier, A., (2014), Effects of national culture on e-government diffusion - A global study of 55 countries. Information and Management, 51(8), 1005 - 1016, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/
  • Zhao, F., (2014), A holistic and integrated approach to theorizing strategic alliances of small and medium-sized enterprises. Business Process Management Journal, 20(6), 887 - 905, United Kingdom, Emerald, DOI: 10.1108/BPMJ-01-2013-0004.
  • Zhao, F., Kemp, L., (2013), Exploring individual, social and organisational effects on Web 2.0-based workplace learning: a research agenda for a systematic approach. Research in Learning Technology, 21(2013), Article number 19089, Sweden, Co-Action Publishing, DOI: 10.3402/rlt.v21i0.19089.
  • Zhao, F., Khan, M., (2013), An Empirical Study of E-Government Service Adoption: Culture and Behavioral Intention. International Journal of Public Administration, 36(10), 710 - 722, New York, USA, Taylor and Francis, DOI: 10.1080/01900692.2013.791314.
  • Zhao, F., (2013), An empirical study of cultural dimensions and e-government development: implications of the findings and strategies. Behaviour and Information Technology, 32(3), 294 - 306, Oxfordshire, UK, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/0144929X.2011.644580.
  • Zhao, F., Deng, L., Kemp, L., (2013), Interrelationships between cultural intelligence dimensions and the role of intrapersonal intelligence. Journal of General Management, 38(3), 3 - 24, United Kingdom, Braybrooke Press Ltd..
  • Taras, V., Caprar, D., Rottig, D., Sarala, R., Zakaria, N., Zhao, F., Jiminez, A., Wankel, C., Lei, W., Minor, M., Bryla, P., Ordenana, X., Bode, A., Schuster, A., Vaiginiene, E., Froese, F., Bathula, H., Yajnik, N., Baldegger, R., Huang, Vz., (2013), A global classroom evaluating the effectiveness of global virtual collaboration as a teaching tool in management education. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 12(3), 414 - 435, Academy of Management, DOI: 10.5465/amle.2012.0195.

Conference Publications

  • Barratt-Pugh, L., Zhao, F., Zhang, Z., Wang, S., (2016), The impact of an Australian study tour on the innovative practice of Chinese lecturers. Putting VET Research to Work: Proceedings of AVETRA 19th Annual Conference, Ab 24, Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association.
  • Zhao, F., Collier, A., (2016), Digital Entrepreneurship: Research and Practice. Proceedings of the 9th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, 2173-2182, EuroMed Press.

Research Student Supervision

Principal Supervisor

  • Doctor Of Business Administration: The Benefits And Problems Of Strategic Alliances: A Multi-case Study Of Small Trading Firms In Australia
  • Doctor Of Philosophy: Measuring Performance In Small And Medium Enterprises In The Information & Communication Technology Industries
  • Doctor Of Philosophy: Enhancing Australian University Research Commercialization Performance

Associate Supervisor

  • Doctor Of Philosophy: The Continuous Improvement Teamworking Conceptual Model In Retail Banking: A Mixed Method Approach
  • Doctor Of Philosophy: Eq And Cq Of Expatriate Transformational Leaders: A Qualitative Study Of Cross-cultural Leadership Effectiveness For Australian Business Managers Working In China
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