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Associate Professor Erin Smith

Associate Professor

Staff Member Details
Mobile: 0408 148 749
Email: erin.smith@ecu.edu.au

Erin is an Associate Professor in Disaster and Emergency Response within the School of Medical Sciences and is the Course Coordinator for the Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma and Master of Disaster and Emergency Response.

Current Teaching

  • DER6101: Introduction to emergency management
  • DER6102: Disaster preparedness and mitigation
  • DER6103: Major incident management
  • DER6104: Disaster health practice and humanitarian relief
  • DER6105: Psychological effects of disaster
  • DER6106: Advanced disaster management response
  • DER6107: Disaster recovery
  • MMP6102: Medical science masters project
  • PST3210: Prehospital perspectives in emergency management

Background

Associate Professor Erin Smith has extensive experience teaching and researching within the multidisciplinary fields of prehospital and disaster response. She is a member of the Board of Directors of the World Association of Disaster and Emergency Medicine where she also holds the positions of Convenor of the Psychosocial Special Interest Group and Deputy Chair of the Oceania Chapter. Erin currently volunteers as a Research Consultant with The Code 9 Foundation, a charity established to help first responders with mental health illness support each other through both face-to-face and online peer-to-peer support. Erin also writes a monthly column "Let's Talk Mental Health" for the Australian Emergency Services Magazine. She is a member of the Research Committee of the Australian and New Zealand College of Paramedicine (ANZCP), a Research Mentor for the ANZCP's mentor scheme and a member of the Victoria Chapter of Paramedics Australasia (PA). Erin sits on the Editorial Boards of the journals Prehospital and Disaster Medicine and the Journal of High Threat and Austere Medicine. She is an active peer reviewer and is widely published in the literature. Recognised around the world for her research on the long-term impact on the 9/11 first responders, Erin is passionate about exploring the mental health challenges associated with disaster and prehospital response.

Professional Associations

  • World Association of Disaster and Emergency Medicine Australian and New Zealand
  • College of Paramedicine Paramedics Australasia
  • Australian and New Zealand Mental Health Association
  • Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia

Research Areas and Interests

The long-term impact of 9/11 on first responders; Professional role and responsibility of paramedics during disaster; Evidence-based disaster health; Secondary trauma among qualitative disaster researchers.

Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Monash University, 2009.

Research Outputs

Journal Articles

  • Smith, E., Dean, G., Holmes, L. (2021). Supporting the mental health and well-being of first responders from career to retirement: A scoping review. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, epub ahead of print(April), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1049023x21000431.
  • Smith, E., Holmes, L., Larkin, B. (2021). Health trends among 9/11 responders from 2011-2021: A review of World Trade Center Health Program statistics. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, epub ahead of print(Sept), 1-6. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X21000881.

Journal Articles

  • Mackinnon, K., Everett, T., Holmes, L., Smith, E., Mills, B. (2020). Risk of psychological distress, pervasiveness of stigma and utilisation of support services: Exploring paramedic perceptions. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 17(January 2020), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.17.764.
  • Anderson, C., Pooley, JA., Mills, B., Anderson, E., Smith, E. (2020). Do paramedics have a professional obligation to work during a pandemic? A qualitative exploration of community member expectations. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 14(3), 406-412. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.212.
  • Douglas, N., Leverett, J., Paul, J., Gibson, M., Pritchard, J., Brouwer, K., Edwards, E., Carew, J., Donovan, J., Bourke, E., Smith, E. (2020). Performance of First Aid Trained Staff using a Modified START Triage Tool at Achieving Appropriate Triage Compared to a Physiology-Based Triage Strategy at Australian Mass Gatherings. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 35(2), 184-188. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X20000102.
  • Douglas, N., Carew, J., Johnson, D., Green, M., Wilson, N., Donovan, J., Mulherin, T., Holbery-Morgan, L., Bourke, E., Smith, E. (2020). Safety and Efficacy of an On-Site Intensive Treatment Protocol for Mild and Moderate Sympathomimetic Toxicity at Australian Music Festivals. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 35(1), 41-45. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X19005089.

Journal Articles

  • Smith, E., Burkle, F., Gebbie, K., Ford, D., Bensimon, C. (2019). A Qualitative Study of Paramedic Duty to Treat During Disaster Response. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 13(2), 191-196. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.15.
  • Smith, E., Holmes, L., Burkle, FM. (2019). The Physical and Mental Health Challenges Experienced by 9/11 First Responders and Recovery Workers: A Review of the Literature. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 34(6), 625-631. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X19004989.
  • Smith, E., Holmes, L., Burkle, FM. (2019). Exploring the Physical and Mental Health Challenges Associated with Emergency Service Call-Taking and Dispatching: A Review of the Literature. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 34(6), 619-624. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X19004990.
  • Smith, E., Burkle Jr, F. (2019). Paramedic and emergency medical technician reflections on the ongoing impact of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 34(1), 56-61. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X18001255.
  • Ryan, B., Franklin, R., Burkle Jr, FM., Smith, E., Aitken, P., Leggatt, P. (2019). Determining Key Influences on Patient Ability to Successfully Manage Noncommunicable Disease After Natural Disaster. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 34(3), 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X1900431X.
  • Smith, E., Walker, T., Burkle Jr, FM. (2019). Lessons in post-disaster self-care from 9/11 Paramedics and Emergency Medical Technicians. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 34(3), 335-339. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X19004382.
  • Mills, B., Hill, M., Buck, J., Walter, E., Howard, K., Raisinger, A., Smith, E. (2019). What constitutes an emergency ambulance call?. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 16(2019), 9p.. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.16.626.

Journal Articles

  • Ryan, B., Franklin, R., Burkle, F., Smith, E., Aitken, P., Watt, K., Leggatt, P. (2018). Ranking and prioritizing strategies for reducing mortality and morbidity from noncommunicable diseases post disaster: An Australian perspective. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 27(March 2018), 223-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.10.009.
  • Smith, E., Burkle Jr, F., Aitken, P., Leggatt, P. (2018). Seven Decades of Disasters: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 33(4), 418-423. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X18000638.
  • Smith, E., Burkle Jr, F., Gebbie, K., Ford, D., Bensimon, C. (2018). Acceptable limitations on paramedic duty to treat during disaster: A qualitative exploration. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 33(5), 466-470. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X18000857.
  • Smith, E., Burkle Jr, F. (2018). Working towards wellness: Lessons from 9/11 paramedics and emergency medical technicians for Australian ambulance services. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 15(4), 7 p.. https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.15.4.592.
  • Smith, E., Burkle Jr, F. (2018). The forgotten responders: The Ongoing Impact of 9/11 on the Ground Zero Recovery Workers. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 33(4), 436-440. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X1800064X.

Journal Articles

  • Ryan, BJ., Franklin, RC., Burkle, FM., Smith, E., Aitken, P., Watt, K., Leggat, PA. (2017). The role of environmental health in understanding and mitigating postdisaster noncommunicable diseases: The critical need for improved interdisciplinary solutions. Journal of Environmental Health, 80(5), 38-48.
  • Ryan, B., Franklin, R., Burkle, F., Smith, E., Aitken, P., Watt, K., Leggat, P. (2017). Reducing Non-communicable Disease Exacerbation after a Disaster. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 32(1), 194-195. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X17005106.

Journal Articles

  • Ryan , B., Franklin, R., Burkle , F., Aitken, P., Smith, E., Watt, K., Leggatt, P. (2016). Reducing Disaster Exacerbated Non-Communicable Diseases Through Public Health Infrastructure Resilience: Perspectives of Australian Disaster Service Providers. PLoS Currents, 8(Disasters), 27p.. https://doi.org/10.1371/currents.dis.d142f36b6f5eeca806d95266b20fed1f.
  • Ryan, BJ., Franklin, RC., Burkle, FM., Watt, K., Aitken, P., Smith, E., Leggat, P. (2016). Defining, describing, and categorizing public health infrastructure priorities for tropical cyclone, flood, storm, tornado, and tsunami-related disasters. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 10(4), 598-610. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2016.3.

Journal Articles

  • Whelan, J., Love, P., Romanus, A., Pettman, T., Bolton, K., Smith, E., Gill, T., Coveney, J., Waters, E., Allender, S. (2015). A map of community-based obesity prevention initiatives in Australia following obesity funding 2009-2013. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39(2), 168-171. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12296.
  • Ryan, B., Franklin, RC., Burkle, FM., Aitken, P., Smith, E., Watt, K., Leggat, P. (2015). Identifying and describing the impact of cyclone, storm and flood related disasters on treatment management, care and exacerbations of non-communicable diseases and the implications for public health. PLoS Currents, 7(Disasters), September 28, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1371/currents.dis.62e9286d152de04799644dcca47d9288.
  • Ryan, BJ., Franklin, RC., Burkle, FM., Watt, K., Aitken, P., Smith, E., Leggat, P. (2015). Analyzing the impact of severe tropical cyclone Yasi on public health infrastructure and the management of noncommunicable diseases. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 30(1), 28-37. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X1400137X.

Journal Articles

  • Whelan, J., Love, P., Pettman, T., Doyle, J., Booth, S., Smith, E., Waters, E. (2014). Cochrane Update: Predicting sustainability of intervention effects in public health evidence: Identifying key elements to provide guidance. Journal of Public Health, 36(2), 347-351. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdu027.
  • Smith, E. (2014). Willingness to work during a terrorist attack: A case-study of first responders during the 9/11 World Trade Centre terrorist attacks. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 6(1), 11p..

Journal Articles

  • Smith, E., Burkle, F., Archer, F. (2011). Fear, familiarity and the perception of risk: A quantitative analysis of disaster-specific concerns of paramedics. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 5(1), 46-53. https://doi.org/10.1001/dmp.10-v4n2-hre10008.

Journal Articles

  • Smith, E., Coghlan, B., Leder, K. (2006). Avian influenza: Clinical and epidemiological information for paramedics and emergency healthcare workers. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 4(1), 8p..

Research Projects

  • Development and evaluation of a novel gamified education package enhancing pandemic preparedness for frontline healthcare response staff and students, Department of Health WA, Future Health Research and Innovation FHRI Focus Grants: COVID-19, 2021 ‑ 2024, $224,446.
  • Community expectations and utilisation of emergency health services during the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, Department of Jobs, Tourism, Science and Innovation, Covid-19 Research Fund, 2020 ‑ 2022, $100,000.

Research Student Supervision

Principal Supervisor

  • Master of Science (Medical Science), The impact of Australian non-governmental organisations disaster response on local communities: A qualitative exploration

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Exploring the physical demands associated with the role of a paramedic

Associate Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy: Addressing the impact of disasters on public health infrastructure and noncommunicable diseases
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