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Childbearing, Children and Young People

Our goals are to transform and shape policy and practice.

At the Centre for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Services Research, we undertake innovative research to develop knowledge, evaluate effectiveness and implement change in healthcare through interventions, treatments and knowledge.

Research group goals:

  • The goal of the program is to discover and implement ways to improve the care and experience of childbearing women and their families through pregnancy and postpartum up to the age of 18 years.
  • The program aims to positively impact local, national and international practice in midwifery, children and young people.

Please view the sections below for a list of our projects and publications.

Midwives Attitudes and the Development of an Integrated Care Pathway for Women Whose Pregnancy is Complicated by Substance Misuse


  • Sadie Geraghty
  • Gemma Evans


Substance misuse of illicit and licit substances in pregnancy is a serious public health concern, and is often associated with physical, psychological, emotional and financial costs to women, their families and the greater community.


To identify midwifery attitudes and the development of an integrated care pathway for women who misuse substances during pregnancy.


A mixed method research design will be used. The quantitative and qualitative component of the study will be conducted sequentially and will involve the use of questionnaires and focus group discussions.


The anticipated outcomes at the outset of the study include: Identification of midwives’ attitudes towards women whose pregnancy is complicated by substance misuse disorders, identification of education and administration support to improve the attitudes of midwives, development of an integrated care pathway for adequate care to be provided for women whose pregnancy is complicated by substance misuse, and identification of ways to improve the care of women identified with substance misuse disorders.

Health Beliefs and Folk Models of Illness in Middle Eastern Communities: A Family Centred Approach


Background: Understanding the health seeking behaviours and caring practices of Middle Eastern communities are usually grounded within a cultural context. Different practices and different meanings ascribed to them may exist within some groups or individuals within the same culture. Therefore, it is important to outline and understand the differences held by people within differing groups before initiating health services to a diverse population. This is particularly evident for Australian societies, where at least one in four young people are from a refugee or migrant background.


This project presents a conceptual model that encompasses families’ beliefs about the causes of illness and how beliefs among Middle Eastern communities are enacted in relation to treatment and self-management of acute and chronic illnesses across the lifespan.


Kleinman’s framework of explanatory models of illness care has been demonstrated to be a positive approach to assessing health beliefs. Using a family-centred approach to health care, a national and an international approach is proposed to establish a folk model for the Middle Eastern population. This project will build an initial knowledge base by this team and will lead to further nationally and internationally relevant research in this area. We aim to develop a theory about folk beliefs surrounding the causes of ill-health and general health care practices among specific ethnic communities in Western Australia. This model will enable us to identify and understand the health beliefs and care practices in relation to health and illness across parents, children and adolescents. We will specifically explore how these relate to care practices and to the treatment of acute and other chronic illness. International collaboration is a useful way to provide adequate and appropriate alliances to explore how beliefs are constructed and enacted within these families and across generations.


Findings will assist Australian healthcare professionals in developing cultural competency, increase their knowledge of health beliefs and practices from a diverse range of ethnicities, in addition to meeting the health needs of this growing population. The resulting model of care will: (1) provide direction for education that targets the use of unproven methods of healing associated with the use of folk medicine remedies; (2) provide the basis for incorporating folk and Western medicine approaches into plans of care; (3) present a number of opportunities for capacity building in health promotion; and (4) offer enhanced opportunities for practice partnerships with non-government Australian organisations and international institutions to develop health promotion practices in newborn care and nutrition, chronic illness management for children and adolescents, and offer standardised education programs for health promotion.


  • Arabiat, D., Whitehead, L., Foster, M., Shields, L & Frost, L. (2018). Parents’ Experiences of Family Centred Care Practices. Journal of Pediatric Nursing.
  • Arabiat, D., Whitehead, L., & AL Jabery, M. (2018). The 12‐year prevalence and trends of childhood disabilities in Australia: Findings from the Survey of Disability, Aging and Carers. Child: Care, Health and Development.
  • Arabiat, D., Whitehead, L., AL Jabery, M., Darawad, M., Geraghty, S., & Halasa, S. (2018). Newborn Care Practices of Mothers in Arab Societies: Implication for Infant Welfare. Journal of Transcultural Nursing.
  • Bayes, S. & Whitehead, L. (2018). Cardiotocography vs. Intermittent Auscultation in Assessing Fetal Well-Being. American Journal of Nursing.
  • Bloxsome, D. , Ireson, D. , Evans, G. & Bayes, S. (2018). Factors associated with midwives’ job satisfaction and intention to stay in the profession: An integrative review.
  • Davison, C. (2018). Is the midwife's belief in a normal birth becoming extinct? Australian Midwifery News. Australian Midwifery News.
  • Foster, M and Whitehead, L. (2018). Using drawings to understand the child’s experience of child centred care on admission to a paediatric high dependency unit. Journal of Child Health Care.
  • Foster, M., Whitehead, L., Arabiat, D. & Frost, L. (2018). Parents' and staff perceptions of parental needs during a child's hospital admission: An Australian study. Journal of Pediatric Nursing.
  • Geraghty, S., & Oliver, K. (2018). In the shadow of the ivory tower: Experiences of midwives and nurses undertaking PhDs. Nurse Education Today.
  • Geraghty, S., Doleman, G. & De Leo, A. (2018). Midwives/ attitudes towards pregnant women using substances: Informing a care pathway. Women and Birth.
  • Nel, S., & Geraghty, S. (2018). Are Midwifery Students Adequately Prepared for Vaginal Breech Birth in Clinical Practice? British Journal of Midwifery, 23(3), 145-149.
  • Stokes, T., & Geraghty, S. (2018). Pre-eclampsia: Praxis and Application. British Journal of Midwifery, 26(1), 8 - 12.
  • Shields, L., Al-Motlag, M., Carter, B., Neill, S., Hallström, I., Foster, M., Coyne, I., Arabiat, D., Darbyshire, P., & Feeg, V. (2018). Toward developing consensus on family-centred care: an international descriptive study and discussion.J ournal of Child Health Care.
  • Shields, L., Carter, B., Coyne, I., Foster, M., Kalembo, F., Arabiat, D., & Zgambo, M. (2018). International commentary on Phiri et al article - registered nurses' experiences of family involvement in care of hospitalised children in Malawi.
  • Morris, S., Sundin, D. & Geraghty, S. (2018). Moxibustion: an alternative option for breech presentation. British Journal of Midwifery 26(7) p440-445.
  • Falcus, H., & Oliver, K. (2018). Parents' experiences after a child has been diagnosed with food-induced anaphylaxis.


  • Abu Sheikh, B., Arabiat, D., Holmes, S., Khader, Y., D. Hiyasat, D., Collyer, D. & Sheikh, A. (2017) Correlates of treatment satisfaction and wellbeing among patients with type II diabetes. International Nursing Review.
  • Adama, E., Bayes, S. & Sundin, D. Parents' experiences of caring for preterm infants after discharge with grandmothers as their main support. Journal of Clinical Nursing.
  • Arabiat, D., Collyer, D., Hamdan-Mansour, A., Khalil, A. & Darawad, M. The Impact of a Mother's Emotional Strains and Disclosure of Cancer on Her Child's Defensiveness and Adjustment to Cancer. Cancer Nursing.
  • Darawad, M., Hamdan-Mansour, A., Khalil, A., Arabiat, D., Samarkandi, O. & Alhussami, M. (2017) Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale: Validation of the Arabic Version Among Jordanians With Chronic Diseases. Clinical Nursing Research.
  • Doyle, L., & Geraghty, S. (2017). Bugs, babies and birthing: midwifery management of sepsis. African Journal of Midwifery and Women’ Health, 11(1).
  • Hamdan-Mansour, A., Al-Sagarat, A., AL-Sarayreh, F., Nawafleh, H. & Arabiat, D. (2017) Prevalence and correlates of substance use among psychiatric inpatients. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.
  • De Leo, A., & Geraghty, S. (2017) Water as non-pharmacological pain management in labour. The Practising Midwife, 20(3), ePub online.
  • Geraghty, S., Davison, C. Sun Safety: The Midwife's Role. British Journal of Midwifery.
  • Knol, F., & Geraghty, S. Midwifery students and routine discussion of birth experience in the early postnatal period in hospital. British Journal of Midwifery.
  • Nel, S. & Geraghty, S. Domperidone as a galactagogue: A case for approval? Nurse prescribing, 15(6).
  • Wright, C., & Geraghty, S. (2017). Uterotonics for postpartum haemorrhage. Nurse prescribing, 15(1).


  • AbuQamer, M., and Arabiat, D., Holmes, S. Parents Perceived Satisfaction of Care,Communication and Environment of The Pediatric Intensive Care Units at atertiary children's hospital. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. DOI:
  • Bayes, S., and Ewens, B. (2016). Registered Nurses’ experiences of caring for pregnant and postpartum women in general hospital settings: A systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative data. Journal of Clinical Nursing. DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13524
  • De Leo, A., & Geraghty, S. (2016). Thalassemia in Pregnancy: Contemporary care for a timeless disease. British Journal of Midwifery, 24(8), 2 – 7.
  • Doyle, L., Geraghty, S. & Folan, M. (2016). Epilepsy in pregnancy: Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. The British Journal of Midwifery, 24(12).
  • Doyle, L., Geraghty, S., & Folan, M. Dec 2016 Epilepsy in pregnancy: Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. The British Journal of Midwifery, 24(12).
  • Foster, M., Whitehead, L., Maybee, P. The Parents,Hospitalised Childs, and Health Care Providers Perceptions and Experiences of Family-Centered Care within a Pediatric Critical Care Setting: A Synthesis of Quantitative Research Journal of Family Nursing· DOI: 10.1177/1074840715618193.
  • Geraghty S., Godwin H. Evaluating postgraduate midwifery students experiences of a model of blended learning. British Journal of Midwifery MA Healthcare Vol: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 60 – 63.
  • Hauck, Y., Fisher, C., Byrne, J. & Bayes, S. (2016). Mindfulness Based Childbirth Education: incorporating adult and experiential learning with mindfulness based stress reduction in childbirth education. Journal of Perinatal Education, 25(3), 162-173.
  • Kim, H.M., & Geraghty, S. Yummy Mummies’: Exploring sexuality in the antenatal and postnatal period. Nurse Education in Practice.
  • Matar, E., Arabiat, D., Foster, M. Ora Glucose Efficacy on Neoat’s Pain Responses in the NICU: A Quasi Experimental Trial for Two Clinical Procedures Journal of Applied Nursing Research. DOI:
  • Matar, E. & Arabiat, D. (2016) Oral Glucose Efficacy on Neoat’s Pain Responses at the NICU: A Qausi Experimental Trial of Two Clinical Procedures. Journal of Applied Nursing Research. 32: 36-40.
  • Nolan, S., Hendricks, J., Towell, A. Adolescent mothers' use of social networking sites creating positive mental health outcomes [online]. Australian Nursing andMidwifery Journal, Vol. 23, No. 11, Jun 2016.
  • Rive, L., & Geraghty, S. (2016). Asthma in pregnancy – a clinical update. The Practising Midwife, 19(9), 16-19.
  • Wright, C., Geraghty, S. (2016).  Mind over Matter: Inside Hypno birthing. A Journal of Clinical Neuroscience and Psychopathology, 18(4).


  • Abdelkader, R., Arabiat, D., Holmes, SL.,Hamdan-Mansour, A. (2015). Socio‑demographic correlates of parents’ participation in care of a hospitalized child: Aperspective from a developing country. Journal of Child Health Care. DOI:10.1177/1367493515598650.
  • Arabiat D., Hamdan-Mansour AM. Al Jabery MA., Wardam L.,Altamimi A (2015). Measuring Care Needs of Parents of Children with Cancer:Psychometric Properties of the FIN-PED II Arabic Version. Journal of Nursing Measurement. 23(2): 255 - 270.
  • Bayes S, Collyer D, Dobbs K, Walsh L (2015). Australian midwifery students’ views about profession-specific peer mentoring eCULTURE, 7(1).
  • Bicheno, S., & Geraghty, S. (2015). Exploring the issue of Group B Streptococcus in Pregnancy. International Journal of Childbirth, 5(4), 1 - 5.
  • Collyer, D. (2015). Australian Midwifery Students’ Views about Profession Specific Peer Mentoring. eCULTURE, 7(1).
  • Davison C, Hauck Y, Bayes S, Kuliukas L, Wood J (2015). The relationship is everything: Women’s reasons for choosing a privately practising midwife in Western Australia. Midwifery 31 (8) 772 - 778.
  • Geraghty, S. (2015). ‘Reaching out: caring for women prisoners in Western Australia’. The Practising Midwife, 18(1), 26 - 28.
  • Geraghty, S., Bayes, S., & Hart, A. (2015). African immigrants’ parents’ understanding of their teenager’s newly diagnosed diabetes status in Western Australia. Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal, 22(11), 39.
  • Geraghty, S., Godwin, H., Oliver,K. (2015). Discussion paper – A Little Ray of Sunshine: A Clinical Update for Health Visitors. Journal of Health Visiting Volume 3, Issue 6.
  • Geraghty, S., Godwin, H., & Oliver, K. (2015). Balancing the risks and benefits of sun exposure for infants: Skin protection and Vitamin D uptake. Journal of Health Visiting,3(6), 314 - 320.
  • Geraghty, S., & Oliver, K. (2015). Is work-related stress affecting nurses and midwives? Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal,23(3), 32.
  • Geraghty, S., & Lauva, M. (2015). Keeping the Shining Roads Open: Intuition in Midwifery Practice. The Practising Midwife, 18(10), 1 - 4.
  • Grier, G., & Geraghty, S. (2015). Intimate partner violence and pregnancy: How midwives can listen to silenced women. The British Journal of Midwifery, 23(6), 164 -168.
  • Grier, G., & Geraghty, S. (2015). ‘Mind Matters:Developing skills and knowledge in postnatal depression’. The British Journal of Midwifery, 23(2), 10 - 14.
  • Hauck Y, Lewis L, Bayes S, Keyes L (2015). Research Capacity Building in Midwifery: A case study of an Australian graduate midwifery research intern program. Women and Birth 28 (3), p. 259 - 263.

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