Overview of thesis
This study explores the influence of environmental conditions of
sub-catchments, residential settings and household behavioral and
socio-cultural factors on the incidence and recurrence of typhoid fever in
Central Division, Republic of Fiji. A synthesis of results across the disciplines
of landscape and wetland ecology, epidemiology and microbiology tests a novel
multi scale, interdisciplinary model of typhoid transmission and provides important focal points
for intervention across the arenas of public health, environmental management,
sanitation and hygiene.
- 2013-present: Doctor of Philosophy (candidate) (Ecology & Public Health), ECU Joondalup WA
- 1996: Masters
of Science (Marine Biology), Boston University, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA
- 1992-1995: Bachelor
of Arts (Ecology major), Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
development themes including:
- Wetland management for health, nutrition and climate
change mitigation, WASH and waterborne disease management
- Intersections of climate change, natural disasters,
land and water management on health and sustainable fisheries
Past Research employment history
- 2013 – Present: Edith Cowan University, School of Sciences, Perth, Western Australia. Assistant lecturer, Aquatic ecologist & Doctoral candidate
- 2011 – Present: Integrated Conservation & Development consultant, South Pacific Region. Senior Technical advisor & project manager
- 1999 – 2011: Wetlands International – Oceania, Canberra, Australia & Suva, Fiji. Senior Program Manager
- 2002 – 2011: University of the South Pacific, Suva Fiji. Assistant lecturer, adjunct researcher
- 1998 – 1999: New England Biolabs Foundation, Perth, Australia & Madang, Papua New Guinea. Coral reef & Aquatic ecology consultant
- 1998 – 1999: Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia. Taxonomist in Department of Aquatic Zoology
- 1996 – 1997: Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea. Research fellow – Coral reef & Aquatic ecology
- 1997: Village Development Trust, Lae, Papua New Guinea. Aquatic ecology consultant
- 1997: World Wildlife Fund, Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea. Environmental Coordinator for Kikori Integrated Conservation and Development Project (ICDP)
- 1997: University of Papua New Guinea, Madang, Papua New Guinea . Lecturer
Scholarships and Awards
- October 2015 – AUD 348, 228 – Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation – Studies on typhoid epidemiology and prevention in Fiji.
- February 2015 – AUD 27, 800 – UNICEF – Strengthening
evidence for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) interventions: a pilot
program of Typhoid Epidemiology and Prevention in Fiji.
- March 2014 – AUD 37, 500 – Edith Cowan University/Health
& Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages (WCS) Foundational aspects of a
research collaboration on health, water & landscapes: a database and a
- December 2012 – AUD 91, 000 – Australian Postgraduate
Research Award for doctoral research on“Fijian floods, feces & fishes: exploring common
determinants of typhoid resurgence & food fish decline in Pacific
island river basins.”
- February 2011 – Wetlands International Award for
“Outstanding contributions to science and its application to wetlands
- September 2010 – AUD 45, 500 – Wetlands International –
Managing biosecurity risks of exotic fish introductions to Pacific Island
- September 2010 – AUD 213, 000 – Netherlands Directorate
General of Development Co-operation - Wetlands, Human Health and Food
Security in Pacific Islands - interrelationships between ecological
integrity and human health in selected major wetland types of the Pacific
- January 2008 – AUD 1,700, 000 – The Gordon and Betty
Moore Foundation & David and Lucile Packard Foundation – for Phase 2 of
An Ecosystem-Based Approach for Managing Tropical Coastal Ecosystems in
Fiji’s Vatu-i-Ra World Heritage Seascape.
- November 2005 – AUD 1, 700,000 – an anonymous donor for
a Holistic Approach to Development on the North Coast of Papua New Guinea:
Reproductive/Sexual Health, Environment and Community Mobilization.
(through Alternate Visions LLC, Pathfinder International and PNG Ministry
of Social Development)
- March 2005 – AUD 1,700, 000 – The Gordon and Betty Moore
Foundation & David and Lucile Packard Foundation – An Ecosystem-Based
Approach for Managing Tropical Coastal Ecosystems in Fiji’s Vatu-i-Ra
World Heritage Seascape.
- April 2004 – AUD 280,
000 – The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation – to strengthen
local capacity to assess, monitor, and manage coastal and freshwater
systems in Melanesia.
- January 2002 – AUD 60, 000– The Natural Heritage Trust – to develop and deliver wetland
and water ecology training in Fiji, Vanuatu and Solomon Islands for
government and NGO wetland managers.
- July 2001 – AUD 240, 000 – The John
D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation – to facilitate the
development of a socially and ecologically sustainable network of locally
managed protected areas for the Mamose region of the north coast Papua New
- April 2000 – AUD 18, 500 – World Wildlife Fund – to
assist in the development of integrated conservation programs for Papua
New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
- August 1999 – AUD 50, 000 –Commonwealth of
Australia –for Ramsar Convention promotion in the Pacific Islands region.
- August 1999 – AUD
50,000– for building capacity for freshwater quality and resource
inventory in two Pacific Island countries, Papua New Guinea and Federated
States of Micronesia.
- June 1999 – AUD 15, 000 – Natural Heritage Trust: for
developing community monitoring protocols for the Corner Inlet Ramsar
site, Victoria, Australia.
- November 1998 – AUD 20, 200 – New England Biolabs
Foundation - toreinvigorate community conservation initiatives on the
North Coast of Papua New Guinea and facilitate reserve establishment.
- June 1997 – AUD 18, 600– World Wildlife Fund: for developing and implementing a
community-based management scheme for sustainable fisheries in Lake
Kutubu, Papua New Guinea and facilitating the establishment of the Wasi
Falls Wildlife Management Area.
- October 1996–
AUD 16, 700 – New England Biolabs Foundation – for training a Papua New
Guinean marine and freshwater conservation biologist.
- Jenkins AP, Jupiter SD, Mueller U, Jenney
A, Vosaki G, Rosa V, Naucukidi A, Mulholland K, Strugnell R, Kama M and
Horwitz, P. (2016). Health
at the sub-catchment scale: typhoid & its environmental determinants
in Central Division, Fiji. Ecohealth. doi:
- Brito IL, Yilmaz S, Huang K, Tamminen M, Smillie CS,
Jupiter SD, Naisilisili W, Jenkins
AP, Wortman JR, Birren BW, Singh A, Gevers D, Alm EJ. (2016).
Mobile genes in the human microbiome are structured at global,
regional, and individual scales. Nature. doi:10.1038/nature18927
- Kingsley J, Patrick R,
Horwitz P, Parkes M, Jenkins AP,
Massy C, Henderson-Wilson C, Arabena K (2015) Exploring Ecosystems and
Health by Shifting to a Regional Focus: Perspectives from the Oceania
EcoHealth Chapter. Int. J. Environ.
Res. Public Health, 12, 12706-12722; doi: 10.3390/ ijerph121012706
- JupiterSD, JenkinsAP, Lee LongWJ,MaxwellSL, CarruthersTJB, WatsonJEM, HodgeKB,
GovanH, Tamelander J (2014)Principles for
integrated island management in the tropical Pacific. Pacific Conservation Biology Vol. 20(2):
- Jupiter, S.D,
Weeks, R Jenkins, AP, Egli D.,
& A. Cakacaka (2012) Effects of a single intensive harvest event on
fish populations inside a customary marine closure. Coral Reefs. DOI 10.1007/s00338-012-0888-x
- Jenkins AP & Jupiter SD (2011) Spatial and seasonal patterns in freshwater
ichthyofaunal communities of a tropical high island in Fiji. Environmental Biology of Fishes.
- Jenkins AP, Jupiter, S., Qauqau, I., Atherton, J (2010) The importance of
ecosystem-based management for conserving aquatic migratory pathways on
tropical high islands: A case study from Fiji. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 20:
- Govan H, Tawake A, Tabunakawai K, Jenkins AP et al (2009) Community Conserved Areas: A review of
status & needs in Melanesia and Polynesia. ICCA regional review for
- Govan H, Tawake A, Tabunakawai K, Jenkins AP (2009) Status and potential of locally-managed
marine areas in the South Pacific. SPREP/ WWF/ CRISP/ Worldfish 95 pp.
- Jupiter, SD & Jenkins
AP (2013) Challenges and
opportunities for catchment management in Fiji to conserve biodiversity
and improve human health. In Proceedings
of the First Pacific Regional Climate Change and
Health Symosium. (Eds) Lachlan
McIver, Damian Hoy, Christelle Lepers, Jyotishma Naicker, Yvan Souarès.
Special issue of Inform'ACTION bulletin of the Pacific Public Health
- Jenkins AP & Kailola P (eds) (2011) Proceedings of the Fiji Ecohealth Forum,
November 25 -26, 2010, Suva, Fiji. Wetlands International. 59 pgs.
- Jenkins AP & Jupiter S (2009) Ecosystem based management is essential for
conserving migratory pathways. In:
Jenkins, A.P., Prasad, S.R., Bacchiochi, J., Skelton, P.A., and
Yakub, N. Proceedings of the
inaugural Fiji Islands Conservation Science Forum 2009 –Suva, Fiji:
Ecosystem Based Management Project-Fiji. 91pgs.
- Walls K Jenkins AP & Tabunakawai K
(2008) Developing a model for ecosystem - based management in the
tropical South Pacific – initial results from a case study in Fiji. Proceedings of the International Coral
Reef Symposium, Florida 10 pgs.
- Jenkins AP, Jenkins CL, Reynolds JB (2005) Successes
and challenges of managing coral reefs in Papua New Guinea through locally
managed marine areas. Proceedings of
the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa,
Japan. 4: 1524 – 1530.
- Jenkins AP (2003) The status of mangroves: Global,
Asia-Pacific and the Pacific islands region. Proceedings of the Pacific
Regional Workshop on Mangrove Wetlands Protection and Sustainable Use,
the University of the South Pacific, Marine Studies Facility, Suva Fiji,
June 12-16, 2001. Apia Samoa: SPREP, 2002. Iv 221 pgs.
- Jenkins, AP and Jupiter SD (2015) Natural
disasters, health and wetlands: A Pacific small island developing state
perspective. In: Wetlands and Human
Health, Wetlands: Ecology, Conservation and Management 5, C. M.
Finlayson, P. Horwitz and P. Weinstein (eds). Springer, New York. Pgs. 169
- Horwitz P, Kretsch C, Jenkins A, Abdul Hamid A, Burls A, Campbell K, Carter M,
Henwood M, Rebecca Lovell, Lai Choo Malone-Lee, Tim McCreanor, Helen
Moewaka- Barnes, Raul A. Montenegro, Margot Parkes, Jonathan Patz, Jenny J
Roe, Cristina Romanelli, Katesuda Sitthisuntikul, Carolyn Stephens, Mardie
Townsend, Pam Wright (2015) Contribution of biodiversity and green spaces
to mental and physical fitness, and cultural dimensions of health. Chapter
12 in: Connecting global priorities:
biodiversity and human health: a state of knowledge review. World Health Organization and
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2015. 200-222.
- Jupiter S, Jenkins AP, LeeLong W, Maxwell S, Watson J, Hodge K, Govan H
and Carruthers T (2013) Pacific Island Ecosystem Management: Principles,
case studies and lessons learned. Secretariat of the Pacific Regional
Environment Programme. 68 pgs.
D, Esselman P, Abell R, McIntyre, Tubbs, N, Biggs H. Castello L, Jenkins A, & Kingsford R (2010) Protected areas for
freshwater systems: essential but underrepresented. Chapter in Mittermeier, R.A, Farrell T., Harrison, I.J,
Upgren, A.J. (eds) Freshwater: the
essence of life. CEMEX/ iLCP, Arlington. 151pg
- Jenkins AP and G. Kula (2000) Marine Protected Areas in
PNG. Chapter 7 in: Munday,P.L (ed )The Status of Coral Reefs in Papua New Guinea. Global Coral
Reef Monitoring Network. Australian Institute of Marine Science.
Conference Publications/ Presentations
- May 2015 – Bali,
Indonesia - 9th International Conference on Typhoid and Invasive NTS
Disease – An interdisciplinary study of typhoid fever in Central
- December 2014 –
Suva, Fiji – Quarterly Meeting of
the Pacific WASH Coalition - Environmental, socio-cultural, and behavioural
determinants of typhoid fever in the Central Division, Republic of Fiji.
- November 2014 – Dunedin, New Zealand - Otago
International Health Research Network (OIHRN) conference - ‘One Health in low resource areas: the
interface between human, animal, and environmental health’ – awarded best oral presentation for PhD
- September 2014 – Melbourne, Australia – World Parks Congress: session on"Linking animal, human and environmental health (one
health)" - Investigating links
between environmental change and waterborne bacterial disease in Fiji.
- August 2014 –
Montreal, Canada - EcoHealth
Biennial Conference - “Fijian floods, feces & fishes: exploring
common determinants of typhoid resurgence & food fish decline in
Pacific island river basins.” – awarded
best oral presentation.
- December 2013 –
Melbourne, Australia - University of Melbourne EcoHealth Symposium –
Ecohealth in the Pacific: an oceanic island perspective.
- Jenkins, A (2013) Rapid assessment of aquatic
resources in proposed & existing sites for hydropower schemes in
Samoa. Report to Asian Development Bank. 12pgs.
A & Mailautoka K (2012) A brief synopsis of freshwater survey results
for select sites across the Mt. Navotuvotu/Mt Kasi forest corridor. Report
to Wildlife Conservation Society. 11pgs.
S, Jenkins AP, Koto K, Tong
J, Bwebe T, Cakacaka A, Dulunaqio,
Fox M, Kuritani L, Mario S, Naisilisili W, Nand Y, Tukana A, Weeks R, Yakub N (2012)
Effects of alterations of catchments and streams on freshwater communities
of Vanua Levu. Wildlife Conservation Society, Suva Fiji. 20 pgs.
- Jenkins AP, Mailautoka K
& Copeland L (2012) Freshwater communities in the proposed Namosi Mine
vicinity: ecological connectivity and values. Report to University of the South
Pacific. 26 pgs.
AP (2011) Natural history and ecological status of coral reefs in Madang
Lagoon, Papua New Guinea (1997 -2009): Food fish security and biodiversity
conservation implications. Report to World Wildlife Fund. 60 pgs.
- Jupiter SD, Egli DP, Jenkins AP, Yakub N, Hartley F,
Cakacaka A, Tui T, Moy W, Naisilisili W, Dulunaqio S, Qauqau I, Prasad S.
2010. Effectiveness of marine protected area networks in traditional
fishing grounds of Vanua Levu, Fiji, for sustainable management of inshore
fisheries. Wildlife Conservation
Society-Fiji and Wetlands International-Oceania Technical Report no. 03/10. Suva, Fiji, 59 pp.
AP, Kailola PL, Boseto D, & Mailautoka K (2009) Freshwater fishes of the Fiji
Islands. Technical report for Fiji Government National Inventory on
Biodiversity. Wetlands International-Oceania. 6 pgs
AP, Keith P, Marquet G., Mailautoka, KK (2008) A preliminary survey of
Samoan freshwater macro-faunal biodiversity. Wetlands
International-Oceania & Paris Museum of Natural History. 32pgs
- Jenkins AP 2007. A rapid ecological health
assessment of the Lake Kutubu Ramsar site and the status of endemic fish
Wetlands International-Oceania. 37
Professor of Natural Sciences
Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup
Drive, Joondalup WA, 6027
PROFESSOR ADAM JENNEY
University, College of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences
Campus, Brown Street, Suva, Fiji
DR STACY JUPITER
Street, Suva, Fiji
Mr Aaron Jenkins
Centre for Ecosystem
School of Science
Edith Cowan University, Joondalup Campus