Top of page
Global Site Navigation

School of Science

Local Section Navigation
You are here: Main Content

Professor William Stock

Honorary Professor

Staff Member Details

Will is Professor of Environmental Management within the School of Science.


  • 1986-1987: University of KwaZulu Natal
  • 1998-2003: University of Cape Town
  • 2003-present: ECU

Research Areas and Interests

  • Global Change Biology, Plant Ecology, Plant Physiological Ecology, Ecosystem Management


  • PhD, South Africa.


Recent Research Grants

  • Population Ecology and Genetics of Conospermum undulatum,  Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions WA,  Scholarships to Support Industry Engagement PhD Projects,  2016 - 2020,  $84,500.
  • Improving conservation outcomes for the threatened species Conospermum Undulatum and the threatened ecological community SCP20a. ,  Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions WA,  Scholarships to Support Industry Engagement PhD Projects,  2016 - 2020,  $69,500.
  • Chemical composition and toxicity of emissions from burning typical vegetation types of Western Australia under experimental combustion conditions,  Department of Fire and Emergency Services,  Collaborative Postgraduate Research Grant,  2015 - 2018,  $302,000.
  • Nutrient uptake by deep roots: An ionomic approach,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Collaboration Enhancement Scheme - 2016 Round 1,  2016 - 2017,  $8,500.
  • Using animal behaviour as a bio-indicator of restoration quality,  Birdlife Australia,  Grant,  2015 - 2017,  $4,399.
  • Ecohydrological Habitat Characterisation and Modelling to Improve Restoration Prioritisation and Outcomes within Former Pine Plantation Areas of the Gnangara Mound, Western Australia,  Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions WA,  Botanic Parks and Gardens - Grant,  2011 - 2016,  $146,314.
  • Using animal behaviour as a bio-indicator of restoration quality,  Ecological Society of Australia,  Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment,  2015 - 2016,  $6,000.
  • Resistance is useful: Characterising plant resistance to water stress in a drying landscape. ,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Early Career Researcher Grant - 2014,  2014 - 2015,  $16,877.
  • Fire and establishment of Jarrah seedlings in shelterwood,  Department of Conservation and Land Management,  Grant,  2006 - 2013,  $75,000.
  • Variation in morphological and physiological traits of a widespread and localised eucalypt species as a reflection of adaptive capacity in a drying climate,  National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility,  National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF),  2011 - 2012,  $7,000.
  • To determine the feasibility of using lichens as biomonitors to identify areas highly impacted by heavy-metal pollution from coal power plant emissions in Collie, WA,  Ecological Society of Australia,  ESA - Student Research Award,  2011 - 2012,  $1,000.
  • Mitigation of impacts on groundwater dependent vegetation through adaptive abstraction regimes,  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2006 - 2012,  $635,165.
  • Response of Vegetation to Fire Frequency on Charles Darwin Reserve,  Bush Heritage Australia,  Grant,  2011,  $10,000.
  • STCRC - Sustainable Resources Research Fellow,  CRC Centre for Sustainable Tourism,  Fellowship,  2008 - 2010,  $185,096.
  • Mitigation of impacts on groundwater dependent vegetation through adaptive abstraction regimes,  Australian Research Council,  Grant - Linkage (APAI),  2006 - 2010,  $436,265.
  • A High Resolution Isotope Facility for Low Cost Analysis of Water, Plant and Soil/Sediment Samples to Understand Environmental Change,  Australian Research Council,  Grant - Linkage (Infrastructure),  2010,  $352,000.
  • Impact of Pine Removal on Carnaby Cockatoo Feeding and Future Populations on the Gnangara,  Forest Products Commission WA,  Grant,  2008 - 2009,  $100,000.
  • Black cockatoo use of extensive post-mining revegetated and agriculturally transformed landscapes,  Edith Cowan University,  Grant - Collaborative Research,  2006 - 2009,  $56,194.
  • Seasonal and historical groundwater use by pines,  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2004 - 2006,  $97,424.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)

Journal Articles

  • Delnevo, N., Van Etten, E., Byrne, M., Stock, W., (2019), Floral display and habitat fragmentation: Effects on the reproductive success of the threatened mass‐flowering Conospermum undulatum (Proteaceae). Ecology and Evolution, 9(19), 11494-11503, DOI:
  • Delnevo, N., Piotti, A., Van Etten, E., Stock, W., Byrne, M., (2019), Isolation, characterization, and cross‐amplification of 20 microsatellite markers for Conospermum undulatum (Proteaceae). Applications in Plant Sciences, 7(8), article number e11283, DOI:
  • He, T., Lamont, B., Enright, N., D'agui, H., Stock, W., (2019), Environmental drivers and genomic architecture of trait differentiation in fire-adapted Banksia attenuata ecotypes. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 61(4), 417-432, DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12697.
  • Cargill, J., Van Etten, E., Stock, W., (2019), The influence of seed supply and seedbed on seedling recruitment in shelterwood-treated jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 432(15 January 2019), 54-63, DOI:
  • Muler, A., Canham, C., Van Etten, E., Stock, W., Froend, R., (2018), Using a functional ecology approach to assist plant selection for restoration of Mediterranean woodlands. Forest Ecology and Management, 424(15 September 2018), 1-10, DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.04.032.
  • Muler, A., Van Etten, E., Stock, W., Howard, K., Froend, R., (2018), Can hydraulically redistributed water assist surrounding seedlings during summer drought?. Oecologia, 187(3), 625-641, DOI: 10.1007/s00442-018-4158-7.
  • Ladbrook, M., Van Etten, E., Stock, W., (2018), Contemporary fire regimes of the arid Carnarvon Basin region of Western Australia. Fire, 1(3), Article no. 51, MDPI, DOI:
  • Steane, D., McLean, E., Potts, B., Prober, S., Stock, W., Stylianou, V., Vaillancourt, R., Byrne, M., (2017), Evidence for adaptation and acclimation in a widespread eucalypt of semi-arid Australia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 121(3), 484-500, DOI: 10.1093/biolinnean/blw051.
  • Steane, DA., Potts, BM., McLean, EH., Collins, L., Holland, BR., Prober, SM., Stock, W., Vaillancourt, RE., Byrne, M., (2017), Genomic Scans across Three Eucalypts Suggest that Adaptation to Aridity is a Genome-Wide Phenomenon. Genome Biology and Evolution, 9(2), 253-265, Oxford, United Kingdom, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evw290.
  • Funk, J., Nguyen, M., Standish, R., Stock, W., Valladares, F., (2017), Global resource acquisition patterns of invasive and native plant species do not hold at the regional scale in Mediterranean type ecosystems. Biological Invasions, 19(4), 1143-1151, DOI: 10.1007/s10530-016-1297-9.
  • Verboom, G., Stock, W., Cramer, M., (2017), Specialization to extremely low-nutrient soils limits the nutritional adaptability of plant lineages. The American Naturalist, 189(6), 684-699, DOI: 10.1086/691449.
  • Dong, T., Hinwood, A., Callan, A., Zosky, G., Stock, W., (2017), In vitro assessment of the toxicity of bushfire emissions: A review. Science of the Total Environment, 603-604(Dec), 268-278, Netherlands, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.062.
  • Williams, MR., Yates, CJ., Stock, W., Barrett, G., Finn, HC., (2016), Citizen science monitoring reveals a significant, ongoing decline of the Endangered Carnaby's black-cockatoo Calyptorhynchus latirostris. Oryx: journal of fauna and flora international, 50(4), 626-635, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0030605315000320.
  • Johnston, TR., Stock, W., Mawson, PR., (2016), Foraging by Carnaby’s Black-Cockatoo in Banksia woodland on the Swan Coastal Plain, Western Australia. Emu: austral ornithology, 116(3), 284-293, CSIRO, DOI: 10.1071/MU15080.
  • Funk, JL., Standish, RJ., Stock, W., Valladares, F., (2016), Plant functional traits of dominant native and invasive species in mediterranean- climate ecosystems. Ecology, 97(1), 75-83, Washington, DC , Ecological Society of America, DOI: 10.1890/15-0974.1.
  • Prober, S., Potts, B., Bailey, T., Byrne, M., Dillon, S., Haririson, P., Hoffmann, A., Jordan, R., McLean, E., Steane, D., Stock, W., Vaillancourt, R., (2016), Climate adaptation and ecological restoration in Eucalypts. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 128(1), 40-53, Melbourne, CSIRO Publishing, DOI: 10.1071/RS16004.
  • Cargill, J., Van Etten, E., Whitford, K., McCaw, L., Stock, W., (2016), A refined method for estimating capsule crops in individual jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) crowns. Australian Forestry, 79(3), 208-216, Taylor and Francis Ltd., DOI: 10.1080/00049158.2016.1218264.

Research Student Supervision

Principal Supervisor

  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Influence of micropropagation on the ontogenetic phases of paulownia
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Distribution patterns and habitat use of black cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus spp.) In modified landscapes in the South-West of Western Australia.
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Within-fire patchiness associated with prescribed burning in the northern jarrah forests of Western Australia
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Fate of eucalyptus marginata seed from canopy-store to emergence in the northern jarrah forests of Western Australia: Research to help improve regeneration following shelterwood treatment.
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Lichens as a biomonitoring tool for detecting heavy metal Air pollution associated with industrial activities in collie, South-Western Australia
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Responses to trasloation of two threatened macropods, the mala (lagorchestes hirsutus) and the banded hare-wallaby (lagostrophus fasciatus), reintroduced to the peron peninsula, w.A.
  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Nocturnal roost tree, roost site and landscape characteristics of carnaby's black-cockatoo (calyptorynchus latirostris) on the Swan coastal plain
  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Seed morphology, dormancy and germination of South-West Australian ericaceae
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions across different scales of iron ore mining operations in Western Australia
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Plant xylem anatomy, dendrochronology and stable carbon isotopes as tools in rainfall reconstruction in Southern Africa
  • Master by Research: Stable N and C isotope analysis of nine Acacia species from Kwa-Zulu-Natal (South Africa).
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Carbon dynamics in soils of the fynbos shrub Felicia aethiopica under elevated CO2.
  • Master by Research: Atmospheric deposition of combined nitrogen in the Cape metropolitan area: A threat to a species rich ecosystem?
  • Master by Research: Ecosystem level impacts of annual and perennial N2-fixing invasive alien plants in the Fynbos vegetation of South Africa.
  • Doctor of Philosophy: The occurrence and ecophysiology of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal plants in the Cape Floristic region
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Effects of defoliation on regrowth and carbon budgets of three semi-arid Karoo shrubs
  • Master by Research: An investigation of the duration of phosphorus fertilization effects on phosphorus and nitrogen cycling patterns of Pinus Elliottii plantations in the Southern Cape
  • Master by Research: The ecology and nitrogen fixing ability of selected Aspalathus species in Fynbos ecosystems.
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Ecosystem level impacts of enhanced nitrogen deposition in the plantation forests of Mpumalanga: South Africa.
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Ecophysiological responses of Themeda triandra Forsk and other Southern African C4 grass species to increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations
  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Food resource availability for carnaby's cockatoo Calyptorhynchus latirostris on the Swan coastal plain.

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy,  The response of banksia roots to change in water table level in a mediterranean-type environment.
  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Spatial and temporal patterns (1973-2012) of bushfire in an arid to semi-arid region of Western Australia
  • Master by Research: Growth: Water use efficiency and stable carbon isotopes in commercial clones of Eucalyptus
  • Polyphenolic, tannin and chemical compositional changes in leaves of sub-tropical grasses and fynbos shrubs at elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations
  • Evaluation of physiological and morphological basis for drought resistance in maize and sorghum
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Soil factors and competition as determinants of Fynbos plant species distributions in the south-western Cape, South Africa
  • Master by Research: Nutritional requirements of lawn grasses versus bunch grasses in the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park
  • The nitrogen stable isotope ecology of Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park grasslands, Natal, South Africa
  • Decomposition of grasses in a South African savanna
  • Doctor of Philosophy: The embryology, seed coat and conservation of some Kenyan species of the Orchidaceae
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Phylogenetic and functional growth form diversification in the Cape grass Ehrharta Thunb
  • Master by Research: Ecology of the (Brady) Rhizobium symbiotic relationship with Fabaceae in the South-Western Cape
  • Doctor of Philosophy: The nitrogen economy of Cyclopia Spp. (Honeybush Tea) in agricultural and wild conditions
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Response of a sand-plain lowland Fynbos ecosystem to nutrient additions
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Determinants of forest/fynbos boundaries in the South Western Cape province.
  • Attributes that make Acacia karroo dominant: stable N and C isotope analysis of nice Acacia species from KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa)

Associate Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Inorganic hydrogeochemical responses to fires in wetland sediments on the Swan coastal plain, Western Australia.
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Identifying plant functional traits to assist ecological intervention in a drying landscape
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Chemical composition and toxicity of emissions from burning five vegetation types of Western Australia under experimental combustion conditions
  • Doctor of Philosophy: The impacts of management on nutrient cycling in plantation forestry in the Southern Cape
Skip to top of page