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Professor William Stock

Prof. of Environmental Management

Contact Information Telephone: +61 8 6304 5758, Mobile: 0428026127, Email:, Campus: Joondalup, Room: JO19.343
Staff Member Details
Telephone: +61 8 6304 5758
Mobile: 0428026127
Facsimile: +61 8 6304 5009
Campus: Joondalup  
Room: JO19.343  


Will is Professor of Environmental Management within the School of Science.

Current Teaching

  • SCM3201 Conservation Biology
  • SCB3201 Studies in Ecology
  • SCI5139 Advances in Natural Science
  • SCI5117 Biological Conservation


  • 1986-1987: University of KwaZulu Natal
  • 1998-2003: University of Cape Town
  • 2003-present: ECU

Research Areas and Interests

  • Global Change Biology, Plant Ecology, Plant Physiological Ecology, Ecosystem Management


  • PhD, South Africa.


Recent Research Grants

  • Improving conservation outcomes for the threatened species Conospermum Undulatum and the threatened ecological community SCP20a. ,  Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions WA,  Scholarships to Support Industry Engagement PhD Projects,  2016 - 2020,  $69,500.
  • Population Ecology and Genetics of Conospermum undulatum,  Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions WA,  Scholarships to Support Industry Engagement PhD Projects,  2016 - 2020,  $69,500.
  • Chemical composition and toxicity of emissions from burning typical vegetation types of Western Australia under experimental combustion conditions,  Department of Fire and Emergency Services,  Collaborative Postgraduate Research Grant,  2015 - 2018,  $302,000.
  • Nutrient uptake by deep roots: An ionomic approach,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Collaboration Enhancement Scheme - 2016 Round 1,  2016 - 2017,  $8,500.
  • Using animal behaviour as a bio-indicator of restoration quality,  Birdlife Australia,  Grant,  2015 - 2017,  $4,399.
  • Ecohydrological Habitat Characterisation and Modelling to Improve Restoration Prioritisation and Outcomes within Former Pine Plantation Areas of the Gnangara Mound, Western Australia,  Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions WA,  Botanic Parks and Gardens - Grant,  2011 - 2016,  $146,314.
  • Using animal behaviour as a bio-indicator of restoration quality,  Ecological Society of Australia,  Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment,  2015 - 2016,  $6,000.
  • Resistance is useful: Characterising plant resistance to water stress in a drying landscape. ,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Early Career Researcher Grant - 2014,  2014 - 2015,  $16,877.
  • Fire and establishment of Jarrah seedlings in shelterwood,  Department of Conservation and Land Management,  Grant,  2006 - 2013,  $75,000.
  • To determine the feasibility of using lichens as biomonitors to identify areas highly impacted by heavy-metal pollution from coal power plant emissions in Collie, WA,  Ecological Society of Australia,  ESA - Student Research Award,  2011 - 2012,  $1,000.
  • Variation in morphological and physiological traits of a widespread and localised eucalypt species as a reflection of adaptive capacity in a drying climate,  National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility,  National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF),  2011 - 2012,  $7,000.
  • Mitigation of impacts on groundwater dependent vegetation through adaptive abstraction regimes,  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2006 - 2012,  $635,165.
  • Response of Vegetation to Fire Frequency on Charles Darwin Reserve,  Bush Heritage Australia,  Grant,  2011,  $10,000.
  • A High Resolution Isotope Facility for Low Cost Analysis of Water, Plant and Soil/Sediment Samples to Understand Environmental Change,  Australian Research Council,  Grant - Linkage (Infrastructure),  2010,  $352,000.
  • Mitigation of impacts on groundwater dependent vegetation through adaptive abstraction regimes,  Australian Research Council,  Grant - Linkage (APAI),  2006 - 2010,  $436,265.
  • STCRC - Sustainable Resources Research Fellow,  CRC Centre for Sustainable Tourism,  Fellowship,  2008 - 2010,  $185,096.
  • Impact of Pine Removal on Carnaby Cockatoo Feeding and Future Populations on the Gnangara,  Forest Products Commission WA,  Grant,  2008 - 2009,  $100,000.
  • Black cockatoo use of extensive post-mining revegetated and agriculturally transformed landscapes,  Edith Cowan University,  Grant - Collaborative Research,  2006 - 2009,  $56,194.
  • Seasonal and historical groundwater use by pines,  Water Corporation,  Grant,  2004 - 2006,  $97,424.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)


  • Byrne, M., Prober, S., McLean, L., Steane, D., Stock, W., Potts, B., Vaillancourt, R., (2013), Adaptation to climate in widespread eucalypt species., 96, Gold Coast, QLD, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility.

Book Chapters

  • Ackerly, D., Stock, W., Slingsby, J., (2014), Geography, climate, and biodiversity: the history and future of Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Fynbos: Ecology, evolution, and conservation of a megadiverse region, 361-375, Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press.
  • Cramer, M., West, A., Power, S., Skelton, R., Stock, W., (2014), Plant ecophysiological diversity. Fynbos: Ecology, evolution, and conservation of a megadiverse region, 248-272, New York, Oxford University Press.

Journal Articles

  • Dong, T., Hinwood, A., Callan, A., Zosky, G., Stock, W., (2017), In vitro assessment of the toxicity of bushfire emissions: A review. Science of the Total Environment, 603-604(Dec), 267-278, Netherlands, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.062.
  • Verboom, G., Stock, W., Cramer, M., (2017), Specialization to extremely low-nutrient soils limits the nutritional adaptability of plant lineages. The American Naturalist, 189(6), 684-699, DOI: 10.1086/691449.
  • Steane, D., McLean, E., Potts, B., Prober, S., Stock, W., Stylianou, V., Vaillancourt, R., Byrne, M., (2017), Evidence for adaptation and acclimation in a widespread eucalypt of semi-arid Australia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 121(3), 484-500, DOI: 10.1093/biolinnean/blw051.
  • Funk, J., Nguyen, M., Standish, R., Stock, W., Valladares, F., (2017), Global resource acquisition patterns of invasive and native plant species do not hold at the regional scale in Mediterranean type ecosystems. Biological Invasions, 19(4), 1143-1151, DOI: 10.1007/s10530-016-1297-9.
  • Steane, DA., Potts, BM., McLean, EH., Collins, L., Holland, BR., Prober, SM., Stock, W., Vaillancourt, RE., Byrne, M., (2017), Genomic Scans across Three Eucalypts Suggest that Adaptation to Aridity is a Genome-Wide Phenomenon. Genome Biology and Evolution, 9(2), 253-265, Oxford, United Kingdom, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evw290.
  • Johnston, TR., Stock, W., Mawson, PR., (2016), Foraging by Carnaby’s Black-Cockatoo in Banksia woodland on the Swan Coastal Plain, Western Australia. Emu: austral ornithology, 116(3), 284-293, CSIRO, DOI: 10.1071/MU15080.
  • Funk, JL., Standish, RJ., Stock, W., Valladares, F., (2016), Plant functional traits of dominant native and invasive species in mediterranean- climate ecosystems. Ecology, 97(1), 75-83, Washington, DC , Ecological Society of America, DOI: 10.1890/15-0974.1.
  • Williams, MR., Yates, CJ., Stock, W., Barrett, G., Finn, HC., (2016), Citizen science monitoring reveals a significant, ongoing decline of the Endangered Carnaby's black-cockatoo Calyptorhynchus latirostris. Oryx: journal of fauna and flora international, 50(4), 626-635, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0030605315000320.
  • Cargill, J., Van Etten, E., Whitford, K., McCaw, L., Stock, W., (2016), A refined method for estimating capsule crops in individual jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) crowns. Australian Forestry, 79(3), 208-216, Taylor and Francis Ltd., DOI: 10.1080/00049158.2016.1218264.
  • Prober, S., Potts, B., Bailey, T., Byrne, M., Dillon, S., Haririson, P., Hoffmann, A., Jordan, R., McLean, E., Steane, D., Stock, W., Vaillancourt, R., (2016), Climate adaptation and ecological restoration in Eucalypts. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 128(1), 40-53, Melbourne, CSIRO Publishing, DOI: 10.1071/RS16004.
  • Prober, SM., Byrne, M., McLean, EH., Steane, DA., Potts, BM., Vaillancourt, RE., Stock, W., (2015), Climate-adjusted provenancing: a strategy for climate-resilient ecological restoration. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3(2015), Article 65, DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2015.00065.
  • Steane, DA., Potts, BM., McLean, E., Collins, L., Prober, SM., Stock, W., Vaillancourt, RE., Byrne, M., (2015), Genome-wide scans reveal cryptic population structure in a dry-adapted eucalypt. Tree Genetics and Genomes, 11(3), Article: 33, Heidelberg, Germany, Springer Verlag, DOI: 10.1007/s11295-015-0864-z.
  • Canham, C., Froend, R., Stock, W., (2015), Rapid root elongation by phreatophyte seedlings does not imply tolerance of water table decline. Trees: Structure and Function, 29(3), 815-824, Heidelberg, Germany, Springer Verlag, DOI: 10.1007/s00468-015-1161-z.
  • Dalgleish, S., Van Etten, E., Stock, W., Knuckey, C., (2015), Fuel dynamics and vegetation recovery after fire in a semiarid Australian shrubland. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 24(5), 613-623, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, CSIRO Publishing, DOI: 10.1071/WF14128.
  • McLean, EH., Prober, SM., Stock, W., Steane, DA., Potts, BM., Villancourt, RE., Byrne, M., (2014), Plasticity of functional traits varies clinallly along a rainfall gradient in eucalyptus tricarpa. Plant, Cell and Environment, 37(6), 1440-1451, United Kingdom, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, DOI: 10.1111/pce.12251.
  • Steane , DA., Potts, BM., McLean, E., Prober, SM., Stock, W., Villancourt, RE., Byrne, M., (2014), Genome-wide scans detect adaptation to aridity in a widespread forest tree species. Molecular Ecology, 23(10), 2500-2513, West Sussex, UK, John Wiley & Sons, DOI: 10.1111/mec.12751.
  • Valentine, L., Fisher, R., Wilson, BA., Sonneman, T., Stock, W., Fleming, PA., Hobbs, RJ., (2014), Time since fire influences food resources for an endangered species, Carnaby's cockatoo, in a fire-prone landscape. Biological Conservation, 175(July 2014), 1-9, Netherlands, Elsevier BV, DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.04.006.
  • Stock, W., Finn, H., Parker, J., Dods, K., (2013), Pine as Fast Food: Foraging Ecology of an Endangered Cockatoo in a Forestry Landscape. PLoS ONE, 8(4), e61145, USA, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061145.

Research Student Supervision

Principal Supervisor

  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Food Resource Availability For Carnaby's Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus Latirostris On The Swan Coastal Plain.
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Lichens As A Biomonitoring Tool For Detecting Heavy Metal Air Pollution Associated With Industrial Activities In Collie, South-western Australia
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Distribution Patterns And Habitat Use Of Black Cockatoos (calyptorhynchus Spp.) In Modified Landscapes In The South-west Of Western Australia.
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Fate Of Eucalyptus Marginata Seed From Canopy-store To Emergence In The Northern Jarrah Forests Of Western Australia: Research To Help Improve Regeneration Following Shelterwood Treatment.
  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Influence Of Micropropagation On The Ontogenetic Phases Of Paulownia
  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Nocturnal Roost Tree, Roost Site And Landscape Characteristics Of Carnaby's Black-cockatoo (calyptorynchus Latirostris) On The Swan Coastal Plain
  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Seed Morphology, Dormancy And Germination Of South-west Australian Ericaceae
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Energy Efficiency And Carbon Dioxide Emissions Across Different Scales Of Iron Ore Mining Operations In Western Australia
  • The Occurrence And Ecophysiology Of Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Plants In The Cape Floristic Region.
  • Ecophysiological Responses Of Themeda Triandra Forsk. And Other Southern African C4 Grass Species To Increases In Atmospheric Co2 Concentrations.
  • Carbon Dynamics In Soils Of The Fynbos Shrub Felicia Aethiopica Under Elevated Co2.
  • Effects Of Defoliation On Regrowth And Carbon Budgets Of Three Semi-arid Karoo Shrubs.
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Within-fire Patchiness Associated With Prescribed Burning In The Northern Jarrah Forests Of Western Australia
  • The Ecology And Nitrogen Fixing Ability Of Selected Aspalathus Species In Fynbos Ecosystems.
  • Ecosystem Level Impacts Of Annual And Perennial N2-fixing Invasive Alien Plants In The Fynbos Vegetation Of South Africa.
  • An Investigation Of The Duration Of Phosphorus Fertilization Effects On Phosphorus And Nitrogen Cycling Patterns Of Pinus Elliottii Plantations In The Southern Cape.
  • Master of Science (Environmental Management),  Responses To Trasloation Of Two Threatened Macropods, The Mala (lagorchestes Hirsutus) And The Banded Hare-wallaby (lagostrophus Fasciatus), Reintroduced To The Peron Peninsula, W.a.
  • Plant Xylem Anatomy, Dendrochronology And Stable Carbon Isotopes As Tools In Rainfall Reconstruction In Southern Africa.
  • Atmospheric Deposition Of Combined Nitrogen In The Cape Metropolitan Area: A Threat To A Species Rich Ecosystem?
  • Stable N And C Isotope Analysis Of Nine Acacia Species From Kwa-zulu-natal (south Africa).
  • Ecosystem Level Impacts Of Enhanced Nitrogen Deposition In The Plantation Forests Of Mpumalanga, South Africa.

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Soil Factors And Competition As Determinants Of Fynbos Plant Species Distributions In The South-western Cape, South Africa.
  • Decomposition Of Grasses In A South African Savanna
  • Polyphenolic, Tannin And Chemical Compositional Changes In Leaves Of Sub-tropical Grasses And Fynbos Shrubs At Elevated Atmospheric Co2 Concentrations
  • Attributes That Make Acacia Karroo Dominant: Stable N And C Isotope Analysis Of Nice Acacia Species From Kwazulu-natal (south Africa)
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  The Response Of Banksia Roots To Change In Water Table Level In A Mediterranean-type Environment.
  • Nutritional Requirements Of Lawn Grasses Versus Bunch Grasses In The Hluhluwe-umfolozi Park.
  • Growth, Water Use Efficiency And Stable Carbon Isotopes In Commercial Clones Of Eucalyptus.
  • The Nitrogen Economy Of Cyclopia Spp. (honeybush Tea) In Agricultural And Wild Conditions.
  • Response Of A Sand-plain Lowland Fynbos Ecosystem To Nutrient Additions.
  • Evaluation Of Physiological And Morphological Basis For Drought Resistance In Maize And Sorghum
  • The Embryology, Seed Coat And Conservation Of Some Kenyan Species Of The Orchidaceae.
  • Ecology Of The (brady)rhizobium Symbiotic Relationship With Fabaceae In The South-western Cape.
  • The Nitrogen Stable Isotope Ecology Of Hluhluwe-umfolozi Park Grasslands, Natal, South Africa
  • Master of Science (Biological Sciences),  Spatial And Temporal Patterns (1973-2012) Of Bushfire In An Arid To Semi-arid Region Of Western Australia
  • Determinants Of Forest/fynbos Boundaries In The South Western Cape Province.
  • Phylogenetic And Functional Growth Form Diversification In The Cape Grass Ehrharta Thunb.

Associate Supervisor

  • The Impacts Of Management On Nutrient Cycling In Plantation Forestry In The Southern Cape.
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Identifying Plant Functional Traits To Assist Ecological Intervention In A Drying Landscape
  • Doctor of Philosophy,  Inorganic Hydrogeochemical Responses To Fires In Wetland Sediments On The Swan Coastal Plain, Western Australia.
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