Overview of thesis
This study explores the influence of environmental conditions of sub-catchments, residential settings and household behavioural and socio-cultural factors on the incidence and recurrence of typhoid fever inCentral Division, Republic of Fiji. A synthesis of results across the disciplines of landscape and wetland ecology, epidemiology and microbiology tests a novel multi scale, interdisciplinary model of typhoid transmission and provides important focal points for intervention across the arenas of public health, environmental management, sanitation and hygiene.
- 2013-present: Doctor of Philosophy (candidate) (Ecology & Public Health), ECU Joondalup WA
- 1996: Masters of Science (Marine Biology), Boston University, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA
- 1992-1995: Bachelor of Arts (Ecology major), Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
Crosscutting development themes including:
- Wetland management for health, nutrition and climate change mitigation, WASH and waterborne disease management
- Intersections of climate change, natural disasters, land and water management on health and sustainable fisheries
Past Research employment history
- 2013 – Present: Edith Cowan University, School of Sciences, Perth, Western Australia. Assistant lecturer, Aquatic ecologist & Doctoral candidate
- 2011 – Present: Integrated Conservation & Development consultant, South Pacific Region. Senior Technical advisor & project manager
- 1999 – 2011: Wetlands International – Oceania, Canberra, Australia & Suva, Fiji. Senior Program Manager
- 2002 – 2011: University of the South Pacific, Suva Fiji. Assistant lecturer, adjunct researcher
- 1998 – 1999: New England Biolabs Foundation, Perth, Australia & Madang, Papua New Guinea. Coral reef & Aquatic ecology consultant
- 1998 – 1999: Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia. Taxonomist in Department of Aquatic Zoology
- 1996 – 1997: Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea. Research fellow – Coral reef & Aquatic ecology
- 1997: Village Development Trust, Lae, Papua New Guinea. Aquatic ecology consultant
- 1997: World Wildlife Fund, Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea. Environmental Coordinator for Kikori Integrated Conservation and Development Project (ICDP)
- 1997: University of Papua New Guinea, Madang, Papua New Guinea . Lecturer
Scholarships and Awards
- October 2015 – AUD 348, 228 – Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation – Studies on typhoid epidemiology and prevention in Fiji.
- February 2015 – AUD 27, 800 – UNICEF – Strengthening evidence for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) interventions: a pilot program of Typhoid Epidemiology and Prevention in Fiji.
- March 2014 – AUD 37, 500 – Edith Cowan University/Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages (WCS) Foundational aspects of a research collaboration on health, water & landscapes: a database and a learning network.
- December 2012 – AUD 91, 000 – Australian Postgraduate Research Award for doctoral research on“Fijian floods, faeces & fishes: exploring common determinants of typhoid resurgence & food fish decline in Pacific island river basins.”
- February 2011 – Wetlands International Award for “Outstanding contributions to science and its application to wetlands conservation.”
- September 2010 – AUD 45, 500 – Wetlands International – Managing biosecurity risks of exotic fish introductions to Pacific Island wetland ecosystems.
- September 2010 – AUD 213, 000 – Netherlands Directorate General of Development Co-operation - Wetlands, Human Health and Food Security in Pacific Islands - interrelationships between ecological integrity and human health in selected major wetland types of the Pacific Islands region.
- January 2008 – AUD 1,700, 000 – The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation & David and Lucile Packard Foundation – for Phase 2 of An Ecosystem-Based Approach for Managing Tropical Coastal Ecosystems in Fiji’s Vatu-i-Ra World Heritage Seascape.
- November 2005 – AUD 1, 700,000 – an anonymous donor for a Holistic Approach to Development on the North Coast of Papua New Guinea: Reproductive/Sexual Health, Environment and Community Mobilization. (through Alternate Visions LLC, Pathfinder International and PNG Ministry of Social Development)
- March 2005 – AUD 1,700, 000 – The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation & David and Lucile Packard Foundation – An Ecosystem-Based Approach for Managing Tropical Coastal Ecosystems in Fiji’s Vatu-i-Ra World Heritage Seascape.
- April 2004 – AUD 280, 000 – The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation – to strengthen local capacity to assess, monitor, and manage coastal and freshwater systems in Melanesia.
- January 2002 – AUD 60, 000– The Natural Heritage Trust – to develop and deliver wetland and water ecology training in Fiji, Vanuatu and Solomon Islands for government and NGO wetland managers.
- July 2001 – AUD 240, 000 – The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation – to facilitate the development of a socially and ecologically sustainable network of locally managed protected areas for the Mamose region of the north coast Papua New Guinea.
- April 2000 – AUD 18, 500 – World Wildlife Fund – to assist in the development of integrated conservation programs for Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
- August 1999 – AUD 50, 000 –Commonwealth of Australia –for Ramsar Convention promotion in the Pacific Islands region.
- August 1999 – AUD 50,000– for building capacity for freshwater quality and resource inventory in two Pacific Island countries, Papua New Guinea and Federated States of Micronesia.
- June 1999 – AUD 15, 000 – Natural Heritage Trust: for developing community monitoring protocols for the Corner Inlet Ramsar site, Victoria, Australia.
- November 1998 – AUD 20, 200 – New England Biolabs Foundation - to reinvigorate community conservation initiatives on the North Coast of Papua New Guinea and facilitate reserve establishment.
- June 1997 – AUD 18, 600– World Wildlife Fund: for developing and implementing a community-based management scheme for sustainable fisheries in Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea and facilitating the establishment of the Wasi Falls Wildlife Management Area.
- October 1996– AUD 16, 700 – New England Biolabs Foundation – for training a Papua New Guinean marine and freshwater conservation biologist.
- Jenkins AP, Jupiter SD, Mueller U, Jenney A, Vosaki G, Rosa V, Naucukidi A, Mulholland K, Strugnell R, Kama M and Horwitz, P. (2016). Health at the sub-catchment scale: typhoid & its environmental determinants in Central Division, Fiji. Ecohealth. doi: 10.1007/s10393-016-1152-6
- Brito IL, Yilmaz S, Huang K, Tamminen M, Smillie CS, Jupiter SD, Naisilisili W, Jenkins AP, Wortman JR, Birren BW, Singh A, Gevers D, Alm EJ. (2016). Mobile genes in the human microbiome are structured at global, regional, and individual scales. Nature. doi:10.1038/nature18927
- Kingsley J, Patrick R, Horwitz P, Parkes M, Jenkins AP, Massy C, Henderson-Wilson C, Arabena K (2015) Exploring Ecosystems and Health by Shifting to a Regional Focus: Perspectives from the Oceania EcoHealth Chapter. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 12, 12706-12722; doi: 10.3390/ ijerph121012706
- Jupiter SD, Jenkins AP, Lee LongWJ,MaxwellSL, Carruthers TJB, Watson JEM, HodgeKB, GovanH, Tamelander J (2014)Principles for integrated island management in the tropical Pacific. Pacific Conservation Biology Vol. 20(2): 193–205
- Jupiter S.D, Weeks R, Jenkins AP, Egli D., & A. Cakacaka (2012) Effects of a single intensive harvest event on fish populations inside a customary marine closure. Coral Reefs. DOI 10.1007/s00338-012-0888-x
- Jenkins AP & Jupiter SD (2011) Spatial and seasonal patterns in freshwater ichthyofaunal communities of a tropical high island in Fiji. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 91:261-274.
- Jenkins AP, Jupiter, S., Qauqau, I., Atherton, J (2010) The importance of ecosystem-based management for conserving aquatic migratory pathways on tropical high islands: A case study from Fiji. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 20: 224 -238.
- Govan H, Tawake A, Tabunakawai K, Jenkins AP et al (2009) Community Conserved Areas: A review of status & needs in Melanesia and Polynesia. ICCA regional review for CENESTA/TILCEPA/TGE/IUCN/ GEF-SGP.
- Govan H, Tawake A, Tabunakawai K, Jenkins AP (2009) Status and potential of locally-managed marine areas in the South Pacific. SPREP/ WWF/ CRISP/ Worldfish 95 pp.
- Jupiter, SD & Jenkins AP (2013) Challenges and opportunities for catchment management in Fiji to conserve biodiversity and improve human health. In Proceedings of the First Pacific Regional Climate Change and Health Symosium. (Eds) Lachlan McIver, Damian Hoy, Christelle Lepers, Jyotishma Naicker, Yvan Souarès. Special issue of Inform'ACTION bulletin of the Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network.
- Jenkins AP & Kailola P (eds) (2011) Proceedings of the Fiji Ecohealth Forum, November 25 -26, 2010, Suva, Fiji. Wetlands International. 59 pgs.
- Jenkins AP & Jupiter S (2009) Ecosystem based management is essential for conserving migratory pathways. In: Jenkins, A.P., Prasad, S.R., Bacchiochi, J., Skelton, P.A., and Yakub, N. Proceedings of the inaugural Fiji Islands Conservation Science Forum 2009 –Suva, Fiji: Ecosystem Based Management Project-Fiji. 91pgs.
- Walls K Jenkins AP & Tabunakawai K (2008) Developing a model for ecosystem - based management in the tropical South Pacific – initial results from a case study in Fiji. Proceedings of the International Coral Reef Symposium, Florida 10 pgs.
- Jenkins AP, Jenkins CL, Reynolds JB (2005) Successes and challenges of managing coral reefs in Papua New Guinea through locally managed marine areas. Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa, Japan. 4: 1524 – 1530.
- Jenkins AP (2003) The status of mangroves: Global, Asia-Pacific and the Pacific islands region. Proceedings of the Pacific Regional Workshop on Mangrove Wetlands Protection and Sustainable Use, the University of the South Pacific, Marine Studies Facility, Suva Fiji, June 12-16, 2001. Apia Samoa: SPREP, 2002. Iv 221 pgs.
- Jenkins, AP and Jupiter SD (2015) Natural disasters, health and wetlands: A Pacific small island developing state perspective. In: Wetlands and Human Health, Wetlands: Ecology, Conservation and Management 5, C. M. Finlayson, P. Horwitz and P. Weinstein (eds). Springer, New York. Pgs. 169 -191.
- Horwitz P, Kretsch C, Jenkins A, Abdul Hamid A, Burls A, Campbell K, Carter M, Henwood M, Rebecca Lovell, Lai Choo Malone-Lee, Tim McCreanor, Helen Moewaka- Barnes, Raul A. Montenegro, Margot Parkes, Jonathan Patz, Jenny J Roe, Cristina Romanelli, Katesuda Sitthisuntikul, Carolyn Stephens, Mardie Townsend, Pam Wright (2015) Contribution of biodiversity and green spaces to mental and physical fitness, and cultural dimensions of health. Chapter 12 in: Connecting global priorities: biodiversity and human health: a state of knowledge review. World Health Organization and Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2015. 200-222.
- Jupiter S, Jenkins AP, LeeLong W, Maxwell S, Watson J, Hodge K, Govan H and Carruthers T (2013) Pacific Island Ecosystem Management: Principles, case studies and lessons learned. Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme. 68 pgs.
- Allen D, Esselman P, Abell R, McIntyre, Tubbs, N, Biggs H. Castello L, Jenkins A, Kingsford R (2010) Protected areas for freshwater systems: essential but underrepresented. Chapter in Mittermeier, R.A, Farrell T., Harrison, I.J, Upgren, A.J. (eds) Freshwater: the essence of life. CEMEX/ iLCP, Arlington. 151pg
- Jenkins AP and G. Kula (2000) Marine Protected Areas in PNG. Chapter 7 in: Munday,P.L (ed )The Status of Coral Reefs in Papua New Guinea. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townville. 104pp.
Conference Publications/ Presentations
- May 2015 – Bali, Indonesia - 9th International Conference on Typhoid and Invasive NTS Disease – An interdisciplinary study of typhoid fever in Central Division Fiji.
- December 2014 – Suva, Fiji – Quarterly Meeting of the Pacific WASH Coalition - Environmental, socio-cultural, and behavioural determinants of typhoid fever in the Central Division, Republic of Fiji.
- November 2014 – Dunedin, New Zealand - Otago International Health Research Network (OIHRN) conference - ‘One Health in low resource areas: the interface between human, animal, and environmental health’ – awarded best oral presentation for PhD work.
- September 2014 – Melbourne, Australia – World Parks Congress: session on "Linking animal, human and environmental health (one health)" - Investigating links between environmental change and waterborne bacterial disease in Fiji.
- August 2014 – Montreal, Canada - EcoHealth Biennial Conference - “Fijian floods, feces & fishes: exploring common determinants of typhoid resurgence & food fish decline in Pacific island river basins.” – awarded best oral presentation.
- December 2013 – Melbourne, Australia - University of Melbourne EcoHealth Symposium – Ecohealth in the Pacific: an oceanic island perspective.
- Jenkins, A (2013) Rapid assessment of aquatic resources in proposed & existing sites for hydropower schemes in Samoa. Report to Asian Development Bank. 12pgs.
- Jenkins, A & Mailautoka K (2012) A brief synopsis of freshwater survey results for select sites across the Mt. Navotuvotu/Mt Kasi forest corridor. Report to Wildlife Conservation Society. 11pgs.
- Jupiter S, Jenkins AP, Koto K, Tong J, Bwebe T, Cakacaka A, Dulunaqio, Fox M, Kuritani L, Mario S, Naisilisili W, Nand Y, Tukana A, Weeks R, Yakub N (2012) Effects of alterations of catchments and streams on freshwater communities of Vanua Levu. Wildlife Conservation Society, Suva Fiji. 20 pgs.
- Jenkins AP, Mailautoka K & Copeland L (2012) Freshwater communities in the proposed Namosi Mine vicinity: ecological connectivity and values. Report to University of the South Pacific. 26 pgs.
- Jenkins AP (2011) Natural history and ecological status of coral reefs in Madang Lagoon, Papua New Guinea (1997 -2009): Food fish security and biodiversity conservation implications. Report to World Wildlife Fund. 60 pgs.
- Jupiter SD, Egli DP, Jenkins AP, Yakub N, Hartley F, Cakacaka A, Tui T, Moy W, Naisilisili W, Dulunaqio S, Qauqau I, Prasad S. 2010. Effectiveness of marine protected area networks in traditional fishing grounds of Vanua Levu, Fiji, for sustainable management of inshore fisheries. Wildlife Conservation Society-Fiji and Wetlands International-Oceania Technical Report no. 03/10. Suva, Fiji, 59 pp.
- Jenkins AP, Kailola PL, Boseto D, & Mailautoka K (2009) Freshwater fishes of the Fiji Islands. Technical report for Fiji Government National Inventory on Biodiversity. Wetlands International-Oceania. 6 pgs
- Jenkins, AP, Keith P, Marquet G., Mailautoka, KK (2008) A preliminary survey of Samoan freshwater macro-faunal biodiversity. Wetlands International-Oceania & Paris Museum of Natural History. 32pgs
- Jenkins AP 2007. A rapid ecological health assessment of the Lake Kutubu Ramsar site and the status of endemic fish populations. Wetlands International-Oceania. 37 pgs.
Professor of Natural Sciences
Edith Cowan University, 270 JoondalupDrive, Joondalup WA, 6027
PROFESSOR ADAM JENNEY
Professor of Medicine
Fiji National University, College of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences
Hoodless HouseCampus, Brown Street, Suva, Fiji
DR STACY JUPITER
Regional Director -Melanesia
Wildlife Conservation Society
11 Ma'afu Street, Suva, Fiji
Mr Aaron Jenkins
Centre for Ecosystem Management
School of Science
Edith Cowan University, Joondalup Campus