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Dr Muhammad Azhar


Staff Member Details
Telephone: +61 8 6304 5877
Campus: Joondalup  
Room: JO23.342  

Dr Muhammad is a chemical engineer with diverse background in materials engineering and nanotechnology. He has completed his PhD Chemical Engineering at Curtin University in 2018 on “Synthesis of Nanomaterials and their Integration in Wastewater Treatment Processes”. Previously, he has been working at Centre of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials (CEREM), King Saud University, Saudi Arabia from 2011 to 2014.

He has worked on various funded projects at King Saud University in collaboration with industry, research canters and government departments. He has keen interest in integrating academic research into product/process oriented outcomes through collaborations with industry.

His major research focus is on energy efficient water and wastewater treatment processes and sustainable energy. He is working on electrochemical synthesis of metal organic frameworks for sensor development and water splitting. Muhammad is passionate about developing Nanomaterials for betterment of society.

Research areas and interests

  • Nanomaterials; Synthesis & Characterization for water treatment and energy applications
  • Metal organic frameworks and hybrid materials
  • Thin film coatings & catalysis


  • Doctor of Philosophy - Chemical Engineering, Curtin University of Technology, 2018.

Research Outputs

Journal Articles

  • Abid, H., Azhar, MR., Iglauer, S., Rada, ZH., Al-Yaseri, A., Keshavarz, A. (2024). Physicochemical characterization of metal organic framework materials: A mini review. Heliyon, 10(1), article number e23840.

Journal Articles

  • Arafat, Y., Zhong, Y., Azhar, MR., Asif, M., Tadé, M., Shao, Z. (2023). CoNiFe-layered double hydroxide decorated Co-N-C network as a robust bi-functional oxygen electrocatalyst for zinc-air batteries. Ecomat, 2023(Article in press), -.
  • Fatima, H., Azhar, MR., Cao, C., Shao, Z. (2023). Znhcf@Pb Nanoparticles With Reduced Bandgap As A Promising Photocatalyst For The Degradation Of Conventional And Emerging Water Contaminants. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 631(2023), 258-268.
  • Javaid, S., Azhar, MR., Li, X., Phillips, JI., Hussain, T., Abid, H., Chen, J., Ji, X., Silvester, DS. (2023). Metal organic frameworks with carbon black for the enhanced electrochemical detection of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene. Materials Today Chemistry, 34(2023), article number 101759.

Journal Articles

  • Azhar, MR., Nolan, P., Cadee, K., Khiadani, M. (2022). Chemical-Free Biologically Enhanced Primary Treatment of Raw Wastewater for Improved Capture Carbon. Water, 14(23), article number 3825.
  • Arafat, Y., Azhar, MR., Zhong, Y., O'Hayre, R., Tadé, M., Shao, Z. (2022). Organic ligand-facilitated in situ exsolution of CoFe alloys over Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ perovskite toward enhanced oxygen electrocatalysis for rechargeable Zn-air batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 11(24), 12856-12865.
  • Fatima, H., Azhar, MR., Khiadani, M., Zhong, Y., Wang, W., Su, C., Shao, Z. (2022). Prussian blue-conjugated ZnO nanoparticles for near-infrared light-responsive photocatalysis. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 23(January 2022), article number 100895.
  • Fatima, H., Azhar, MR., Zhong, Y., Arafat, Y., Khiadani, M., Shao, Z. (2022). Rational design of ZnO-zeolite imidazole hybrid nanoparticles with reduced charge recombination for enhanced photocatalysis. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 614(15 May 2022), 538-546.

Journal Articles

  • Awan, F., Keshavarz, A., Azhar, MR., Akhondzadeh, H., Ali, M., Yaseri, AZ., Abid, H., Iglauer, S. (2021). Adsorption of nanoparticles on glass bead surface for enhancing proppant performance: A systematic experimental study. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 328(15 April 2021), Article number 115398.
  • Arafat, Y., Azhar, MR., Zhong, Y., Abid, H., Tade, M., Shao, Z. (2021). Advances in Zeolite Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIFs) Derived Bifunctional Oxygen Electrocatalysts and Their Application in Zinc–Air Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 11(26), Article number 2100514.
  • Arafat, Y., Azhar, MR., Zhong, Y., Tade, M., Shao, Z. (2021). Metal-free carbon based air electrodes for Zn-air batteries: Recent advances and perspective. Materials Research Bulletin, 140(August 2021), Article number 111315.
  • Mohanty, U., Ali, M., Azhar, MR., Yaseri, AZ., Keshavarz, A., Iglauer, S. (2021). Current advances in syngas (CO+ H2) production through bi-reforming of methane using various catalysts: A review. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46(65), 32809-32845.
  • Azhar, MR., Arafat, Y., Zhong, Y., Khiadani, M., Tade, M., Wang, S., Shao, Z. (2021). An Adsorption–Catalysis Pathway toward Sustainable Application of Mesoporous Carbon Nanospheres for Efficient Environmental Remediation. ACS ES&T Water, 1(1), 145–156.


  • Khiadani, M., Azhar, MR. (2021). Biological Enhanced Primary Treatment of Wastewater. Australia. Water Corporation, WA.

Journal Articles

  • Shafieian Dastjerdi, A., Azhar, MR., Khiadani, M., Sen, T. (2020). Performance improvement of thermal-driven membrane-based solar desalination systems using nanofluid in the feed stream. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 39(June 2020), Article number 100715.
  • Utama, PS., Widayatno, WB., Azhar, MR., Abid, H., Peng, W., Muraza, O., Suputra, E. (2020). LaMnO 3 Perovskite Activation of Peroxymonosulfate for Catalytic Palm Oil Mill Secondary Effluent Degradation. Journal of Applied Materials and Technology, 2(1), 27-35.
  • Azhar, MR., Hussain, G., Tade, M., Silvester, D., Wang, S. (2020). Electrodeposited Metal Organic Framework toward Excellent Hydrogen Sensing in an Ionic Liquid. ACS Applied Nano Materials, 3(5), 4376-4385.
  • Shafieian Dastjerdi, A., Khiadani, M., Azhar, MR. (2020). A solar membrane-based wastewater treatment system for high-quality water production. Energy, 206(1 September 2020), Article number 118233.
  • Arafat, Y., Azhar, MR., Zhong, Y., Xu, X., Tade, M., Shao, Z. (2020). A Porous Nano-Micro-Composite as a High-Performance Bi-Functional Air Electrode with Remarkable Stability for Rechargeable Zinc–Air Batteries. Nano-Micro Letters, 12(1), Article number 130.
  • Azhar, MR., Arafat, Y., Khiadani, M., Wang, S., Shao, Z. (2020). Water-stable MOFs-based core-shell nanostructures for advanced oxidation towards environmental remediation. Composites Part B: Engineering, 192(1 July 2020), Article number 107985.
  • Aftab, A., Ali, M., Faraz Sahito, M., Mohanty, U., Jha, NK., Akhondzadeh, H., Azhar, MR., Ismail, AR., Keshavarz, A., Iglauer, S. (2020). Environmental friendliness and high performance of multifunctional tween 80/ZnO-nanoparticles-added water-based drilling fluid: an experimental approach. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 8(30), 11224-11243.
  • Zhao, L., Duan, X., Azhar, MR., Sun, H., Fang, X., Wang, S. (2020). Selective adsorption of rare earth ions from aqueous solution on metal-organic framework HKUST-1. Chemical Engineering Journal Advances, 1(15 September 2020), Article number 100009.


  • Khiadani, M., Azhar, MR. (2020). The Magnetic Ion Exchange (Miex) Resin Recovery and Sand Separation. Australia. Water Corporation, WA.

Journal Articles

  • Zhao, L., Azhar, MR., Li, X., Duan, X., Sun, H., Wang, S., Fang, X. (2019). Adsorption of cerium (III) by HKUST-1 metal-organic framework from aqueous solution. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 542(15 April 2019), 421-428.

Research Projects

  • Fabrication of 3D printed electrodes for rechargeable batteries, Edith Cowan University, Early-Mid Career Researcher Grant Scheme 2022 (Stream 2), 2023 ‑ 2024, $39,449.

Research Student Supervision

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Conversion of waste and algae to electricity, water and useful products

Associate Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Development of novel titanium based composite membranes for lithium separation from brines
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Optimization of Coagulation and Flocculation Followed by Dissolved Air Flotation for Enhanced Microplastic Removal

Co-ordinating Supervisor

  • Master of Engineering Science, In situ mining on copper by hydraulic fracturing of copper ore using liquid nitrogen
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