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Associate Professor Joshua Lewis

Associate Professor

Staff Member Details
Telephone: +61 8 6304 4602
Mobile: 0428 987 438
Campus: Joondalup  
Room: JO8.515  

Associate Professor in Cardiometabolic Health

Josh leads the disorders of mineralisation research group within the School of Medical and Health Sciences. His research aims to develop better ways to identify and prevent disease before the onset of clinical symptoms. Josh supervises postgraduate students in a range of research areas including developing tests for chronic diseases, clinical nutrition and lifestyle research as well as developing better evidence to improve healthy ageing.


Josh’s expertise is in the epidemiology of disorders of mineralisation and clinical trials. His National Heart Foundation Future Leader Fellowship focuses on better understanding of vascular calcification and how we can use this knowledge to prevent people going on to having clinical cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes. Josh’s research has been published in leading international medical journals such as Nature, the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Lancet Planetary Health, Nature Communications, the Journal of the American Heart Association, Nature Genetics, Archives of Internal Medicine and the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. His research regularly receives national and international media attention and has attracted more than $3 million in funding from national peer reviewed grants and scholarships.

Currently, he is conducting research on developing convenient, reliable and safe tests for vascular calcification as well as the identification of mechanism(s) and modifiable factors related to vascular calcification.

Professional Associations

  • Australian Cardiovascular Alliance 2019-current
  • Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society 2009-current
  • American Heart Association, council for Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease (KCVD) and council for Epidemiology and Prevention 2014-current
  • Australian Society for Medical Research 2008-current
  • American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 2009-current
  • International Federation of Musculoskeletal Research Societies 2016-current

Awards and Recognition

  • 2019 Australian Institute of Policy and Science, Western Australian Tall Poppy Award.
  • 2017 Australian Academy of Sciences Theo Murphy High Flyers Think Tank participant.
  • 2016, 2014, 2012 Top graded reviewer, Annals of Internal Medicine.
  • 2016 Nature Publication Award, University of Western Australia.
  • 2015 ANZBMS Kaye Ibbertson Award for Bone and Mineral Medicine.
  • 2014 Thompson Reuters highly cited publication.
  • 2014 ESCEO-MSD Fellowship Young Investigator Award, World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases.
  • 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Distinguished Oral Presentation.
  • 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Young Investigator Award.
  • 2013 Thompson Reuters highly cited publication (first author).
  • 2013 Strachan Memorial Prize, Best clinical paper, Raine medical research foundation.
  • 2012-2014 Raine Foundation / Alan Robson Fellow.

Research Areas and Interests

Cardiovascular disease, Osteoporosis, Vascular calcification, Mineral-Bone disorders, Diet and lifestyle, Healthy ageing.


  • Doctor of Philosophy, Murdoch University, 2009.
  • Bachelor of Science, Murdoch University, 2005.
  • Bachelor of Science, Murdoch University, 2004.


Recent Research Grants

  • Automated methods for evaluating structural vascular disease,  National Health and Medical Research Council,  Ideas grants,  2020 - 2024,  $652,128.
  • Developing & evaluating a novel tool for primary prevention of clinical cardiovascular disease,  National Heart Foundation,  NHF - Future Leader Fellowships,  2020 - 2023,  $1,166,638.
  • Predicting falls in the elderly: A novel machine learning approach. ,  Edith Cowan University,  Australia-Germany JRC Scheme (UA-DAAD),  2021 - 2023,  $24,250.
  • Developing a novel approach to improve diet and lifestyle,  National Health and Medical Research Council,  MRFF Preventive and Public Health,  2020 - 2023,  $309,660.
  • A change of heart: developing a novel tool to alter the course of cardiovascular disease,  Department of Health WA,  Near Miss Merit Awards,  2020 - 2022,  $95,000.
  • Bone tired: Better understanding of vascular-bone ageing,  Rebecca L Cooper Medical Research Foundation Ltd,  Grant,  2019 - 2022,  $100,000.
  • Development of low-cost, very low radiation community-based screening method for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease,  National Health and Medical Research Council,  Career Development Fellowship,  2017 - 2020,  $242,438.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)

Journal Articles

  • Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Lim, WH., Woodman, RJ., Beilin, LJ., Thompson, PL., Prince, RL., Hodgson, J., (2020), Vegetable diversity in relation with subclinical atherosclerosis and 15-year atherosclerotic vascular disease deaths in older adult women. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(1), 217-230, DOI: 10.1007/s00394-019-01902-z.
  • Sharma, A., Taverniti, A., Graf, N., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Lewis, J., Lim, W., Alexander, S., Durkan, A., Craig, J., Wong, G., (2020), The association between human leukocyte antigen eplet mismatches, de novo donor-specific antibodies, and the risk of acute rejection in pediatric kidney transplant recipients. Pediatric Nephrology, 35(6), 1061-1068, DOI: 10.1007/s00467-020-04474-x.
  • Smith, C., Lewis, J., Sim, M., Lim, W., Blekkenhorst, L., Brennan-Speranza , T., Adams, L., Brynes, E., Duque, G., Levinger, I., Prince, R., (2020), Higher undercarboxylated to total osteocalcin ratio is associated with reduced physical function and increased 15-year falls-related hospitalizations: The Perth Longitudinal Study of Ageing Women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, -(-), -, -, DOI: -.
  • Gopinath, B., Liew, G., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Burlutsky, G., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P., (2020), Association of dietary nitrate intake with retinal microvascular structure in older adults. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(5), 2057–2063, DOI: 10.1007/s00394-019-02055-9.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Kiel, D., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Prince, R., Lewis, J., (2020), Cruciferous vegetable intake is inversely associated with extensive abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: a cross-sectional study. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, Online(July), 9p., DOI:
  • Bernier-Jean, A., Prince, R., Lewis, J., Craig, J., Hodgson, J., Lim, W., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Wong, G., (2020), Dietary plant and animal protein intake and decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate among elderly women: a 10-year longitudinal cohort study. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 2020(Article in press), 1-8, DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfaa081.
  • Connolly, E., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Croft, K., Boyce, M., James, A., Clark, K., Anokye, R., Bondonno, N., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Gan, SK., Schultz, C., Mithen, R., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L., (2020), A randomised controlled crossover trial investigating the short-term effects of different types of vegetables on vascular and metabolic function in middle-aged and older adults with mildly elevated blood pressure: the VEgetableS for vaScular hEaLth (VESSEL) study protocol. Nutrition Journal, 19(1), Article number 41, DOI: 10.1186/s12937-020-00559-3.
  • Gopinath, B., McMahon, C., Lewis, J., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Burlutsky, G., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P., (2020), Associations between Intake of Dietary Flavonoids and 10-Year Incidence of Age-Related Hearing Loss. Nutrients, 12(11), 3297, DOI: 10.3390/nu12113297.
  • Leow, K., Szulc, P., Schousboe, J., Kiel, D., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Shaikh, H., Sawang, M., Sim, M., Bondonno, N., Hodgson, J., Sharma, A., Thompson, P., Prince, R., Craig, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Lewis, J., (2020), Prognostic value of abdominal aortic calcification: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Journal of the American Heart Association, X(X), X, Journal of the American Heart Association.
  • Khoo, B., Wang, L., Lewis, J., Brown, K., Cheng, X., Prince, R., (2020), Anatomical factors associated with femoral neck fractures of elderly Beijing women. Archives of Osteoporosis, 15(1), Article number 112, DOI: 10.1007/s11657-020-00780-x.
  • Gopinath, B., Liew, G., Lewis, J., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Burlutsky, G., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P., (2020), Associations between dietary flavonoids and retinal microvasculature in older adults. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(7), 3093-3101, DOI: 10.1007/s00394-019-02148-5.
  • Wang, J., Lewis, J., Byrnes, E., Wong, G., Raymond, W., Zhu, K., Robertson, G., Lim, W., Cao, Q., Prince, R., Lee, V., (2020), Serum Midkine, estimated glomerular filtration rate and chronic kidney disease‑related events in elderly women: Perth Longitudinal Study of Aging Women. Scientific Reports, 10(December 2020), Article number 14499, United Kingdom, DOI:
  • Smith, C., Voisin, S., Al Saedi, A., Phu, S., Brennan-Speranza, T., Parker, L., Eynon, N., Hiam, D., Yan, X., Scott, D., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Seeman, E., Byrnes, E., Flicker, L., Duque, G., Yeap, B., Levinger, I., (2020), Osteocalcin and its forms across the lifespan in adult men. Bone, 130(January 2020), Article 115085, DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2019.115085.
  • Bondonno, N., Blekkenhorst, L., Bird, A., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Shivappa, N., Hebert, J., Woodman, R., Wong, G., Kerr, D., Lim, W., Prince, R., (2020), Dietary inflammatory index and the aging kidney in older women: a 10‑year prospective cohort study. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(7), 3201-3211, DOI: 10.1007/s00394-019-02160-9.
  • Parmenter, B., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., Dalgaard, F., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Cassidy, A., Scalbert, A., Bondonno, N., (2020), An overview and update on the epidemiology of flavonoid intake and cardiovascular disease risk. Food and Function, 11(8), 6777-6806, DOI: 10.1039/D0FO01118E.
  • Schousboe, J., Vo, T., Langsetmo, L., Adabag, S., Szulc, P., Lewis, J., Kats, A., Taylor, B., Ensrud, K., (2020), Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) predict health care costs and utilization in older men, independent of prevalent clinical cardiovascular disease and each other. Atherosclerosis, 295(February 2020), 31-37, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2020.01.012.
  • Palmer, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Ward, N., Schultz, CJ., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Sim, M., (2020), Quantifying dietary vitamin K and its link to cardiovascular health: a narrative review. Food and Function, 11(4), 2826-2837, DOI: 10.1039/c9fo02321f.
  • Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Anokye, R., Connolly, E., Bondonno, N., Schoesboe, J., Woodman, R., Zhu , K., Szulc, P., Jackson, B., Dimmock, J., Schlaich, M., Cox, K., Kiel, D., Lim, W., Stanley, M., Devine, A., Thompson, P., Gianoudis, J., De Ross, B., Daly, R., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., (2020), Modification Of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle (MODEL) study: a randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open, 10(11), e036366, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036366.
  • Anokye, R., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Connolly, E., Bondonno, N., Schousboe, J., Woodman, R., Zhu, K., Szulc, P., Jackson, B., Dimmock, J., Schlaich, M., Cox, K., Kiel, D., Lim, W., Devine, A., Thompson, P., Gianoudis, J., De Ross, B., Daly, R., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., Stanley, M., (2020), Implementation, mechanisms of impact and key contextual factors involved in outcomes of the Modification of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle (MODEL) randomized controlled trial in Australian adults: protocol for a mixed-method process evaluation. BMJ Open, 10(11), Article number 036395, United Kingdom, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036395.
  • Sim, M., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Levinger, I., Brennan-Speranza, T., Palmer, C., Bondonno, C., Bondonno, N., Devine, A., Ward, N., Byrnes, E., Schultz, C., Woodman, R., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L., (2020), The effects of vitamin K-rich green leafy vegetables on bone metabolism: a 4-week randomised controlled trial in middle-aged and older individuals. Bone Reports, 12(June 2020), Article number 100274, Netherlands, DOI: 10.1016/j.bonr.2020.100274.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, N., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Peeling, P., Bondonno, C., Magliano, D., Shaw, J., Woodman , R., Murray, K., Lewis, J., Daly, R., Hodgson, J., (2020), Dietary nitrate intake is positively associated with muscle function in men and women independent of physical activity levels. The Journal of Nutrition, -(-), -, -, DOI: in press.
  • Rees, J., Christophersen, C., Lewis, J., Lo, J., Sambell, R., Costello, L., Walker, C., Byrne, M., Boyce, M., Newton, R., Devine, A., (2020), The study protocol for a pseudo-randomised pre-post designed controlled intervention trial to study the effects of a 7-week cooking program on self-efficacy and biomarkers of health: The ECU lifestyle and biomarkers get connected study (ECULABJMOF) including the Jamie's Ministry of Food WA participant experience. BMC Public Health, 20(1), Article number 1037, United Kingdom, BioMed Central Ltd., DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-09124-3.
  • Lin, X., Onda, D., Yang, C., Lewis, J., Levinger, I., Loh, K., (2020), Roles of bone-derived hormones in type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular pathophysiology. Molecular Metabolism, 40(October 2020), Article number 101040, DOI: 10.1016/j.molmet.2020.101040.
  • Hill, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Sim, M., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Shaw, J., Hodgson, J., Daly, R., Lewis, J., (2020), Fruit and Vegetable Knowledge and Intake within an Australian Population: The AusDiab Study. Nutrients, 12(12), 3628, -, DOI:
  • Tacey, A., Sim, M., Smith, C., Woessner , M., Byrnes , E., Lewis, J., Brennan-Speranza , T., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Levinger, I., (2020), Association between Circulating Osteocalcin and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors following a 4-Week Leafy Green Vitamin K-Rich Diet. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism: European journal of nutrition, metabolic diseases and dietetics, 76(5), 361–367, DOI: 10.1159/000511660.
  • Bondonno, N., Murray, K., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Croft, K., Kyro, C., Gislason, G., Tjonneland, A., Scalbert, A., Cassidy, A., Piccini, J., Overvad, K., Hodgson, J., Dalgaard, F., (2020), Flavonoid intake and its association with atrial fibrillation. Clinical Nutrition, 2020(Article in press), 1-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2020.04.025.
  • Bondonno, N., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Shin, JH., Croft, KD., Woodman, RJ., Wong, G., Lim, WH., Gopinath, B., Flood, VM., Russell, J., Mitchell, P., Hodgson, J., (2020), Association of flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods with all-cause mortality: The Blue Mountains Eye Study. Clinical Nutrition, 39(1), 141-150, Netherlands, DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2019.01.004.
  • Liu, AH., Bondonno, C., Russell, J., Flood, VM., Lewis, J., Croft, KD., Woodman, RJ., Lim, WH., Kifley, A., Wong, G., Mitchell, P., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L., (2019), Relationship of dietary nitrate intake from vegetables with cardiovascular disease mortality: a prospective study in a cohort of older Australians. European Journal of Nutrition, 58(7), 2741–2753, DOI: 10.1007/s00394-018-1823-x.
  • Zanker, J., Scott , D., Reijnierse , E., Brennan-Olsen , S., Daly , R., Girgis , C., Grossmann , M., Hayes , A., Henwood , T., Hirani , V., Inderjeeth , C., Iuliano, S., Keogh, J., Lewis, J., Maier , A., Pasco, J., Phu, S., Sanders, K., Sim, M., Visvanathan , R., Waters , D., Yu , S., Duque , G., (2019), Establishing an Operational Definition of Sarcopenia in Australia and New Zealand: Delphi Method Based Consensus Statement. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 23(1), 105-110, DOI: 10.1007/s12603-018-1113-6.
  • Lewis, J., Sim, M., Daly, R., (2019), The Vitamin D and Calcium Controversy: An Update. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 31(2), 91-97, DOI: 10.1097/BOR.0000000000000584.
  • Lewis, J., Brennan-Speranza, T., Levinger, I., Byrnes, E., Lim, E., Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Lim, W., Adams, L., Prince, R., (2019), Effects of calcium supplementation on circulating osteocalcin and glycated hemoglobin in older women. Osteoporosis International, 30(10), 2065-2072, DOI: 10.1007/s00198-019-05087-3.
  • Sim, M., Prince, R., Scott, D., Daly, R., Duque, G., Inderjeeth, C., Kun, Z., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., (2019), Utility of four sarcopenia criteria for the prediction of falls-related hospitalization in older Australian women. Osteoporosis International, 30(1), 167-176, DOI: 10.1007/s00198-018-4755-7.
  • Sim, M., Prince, R., Scott, D., Daly, R., Duque, G., Charles, I., Kun, Z., Richard, W., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., (2019), Sarcopenia Definitions and Their Associations With Mortality in Older Australian Women. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (JAMDA): long-term care: management, applied research and clinical issues, 20(1), 76-82.e2, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.10.016.
  • Brims, F., Popowicz, N., Rosenstengel, A., Hart, J., Yogendran, A., Read, C., Lee, F., Shrestha, R., Franke, A., Lewis, J., Kay, I., Waterer, G., Lee, Y., (2019), Bacteriology and clinical outcomes of patients with culture-positive pleural infection in Western Australia: A 6-year analysis. Respirology, 24(2), 171-178, DOI: 10.1111/resp.13395.
  • Dalgaard, F., Bondonno, N., Murray, K., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Croft, K., Kyro, C., Gislason, G., Scalbert, A., Cassidy, A., Tjonneland, A., Overvad, K., Hodgson, J., (2019), Associations between habitual flavonoid intake and hospital admissions for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: a prospective cohort study. The Lancet Planetary Health, 3(11), 450-459, DOI:
  • Bondonno, N., Dalgaard, F., Kyro, C., Murray, K., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Croft, K., Gislason, G., Scalbert, A., Cassidy, A., Tjonneland, A., Overvad, K., Hodgson, J., (2019), Flavonoid intake is associated with lower mortality in the Danish Diet Cancer and Health Cohort. Nature Communications, 10(1), Article number 3651, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-11622-x.
  • Lewis, J., Wong, G., Taverniti, A., Vucak-Dzumhur, M., Elder, G., (2019), Association between Aortic Calcification, Cardiovascular Events, and Mortality in Kidney and Pancreas-Kidney Transplant Recipients. American Journal of Nephrology, 50(3), 177-186, DOI: 10.1159/000502328.
  • Prince, R., Lewis, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Wilson, K., Khoo, B., Zhu, K., Kiel, D., Schousboe, J., (2019), Adding Lateral Spine Imaging for Vertebral Fractures to Densitometric Screening: Improving Ascertainment of Patients at High Risk of Incident Osteoporotic Fractures. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(2), 282-289, DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3595.
  • Sim, M., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Peeling, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2019), Dietary nitrate intake is associated with muscle function in older women. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 10(3), 601-610, DOI: 10.1002/jcsm.12413.
  • Rodriguez, A., Leow, K., Szulc, P., Scott, D., Ebeling, P., Sim, M., Wong, G., Lim, W., Schousboe, JT., Kiel, D., Prince, R., Lewis, J., (2019), Abdominal aortic calcification, bone mineral density and fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. BMJ Open, 9(4), Article number e026232, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026232.
  • Chong, J., Prince, R., Thompson, P., Thavapalachandran, S., Ooi, E., Devine, A., Lim, E., Byrnes, E., Wong, G., Lim, W., Lewis, J., (2019), Association Between Plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and Cardiac Disease Hospitalizations and Deaths in Older Women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 8(1), Article number e011028, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.118.011028.
  • Lewis, J., Eggermont, C., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Khoo, B., Sim, M., Yu, M., Ueland, T., Bollerslev , J., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Wilson, K., Kiel, D., Prince, R., (2019), Association between abdominal aortic calcification, bone mineral density and fracture in older women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(11), 2052-2060, DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3830.
  • Zhu, K., Lewis, J., Sim, M., Prince, R., (2019), Low vitamin D status is associated with impaired bone quality and increased risk of fracture-related hospitalization in older Australian women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(11), 2019-2027, DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3818.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Woodman, R., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2018), Vegetable Diversity, Injurious Falls, and Fracture Risk in Older Women: A Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients, 10(8), Article no.1081, Switzerland, MDPIAG, DOI: 10.3390/nu10081081.
  • Fidler, S., D'orsogna, L., Irish, A., Lewis, J., Wong, G., Lim, W., (2018), Correlation and agreement between eplet mismatches calculated using serological, low-intermediate and high resolution molecular human leukocyte antigen typing methods. Oncotarget, 9(17), 13116-13124, United States, Impact Journals LLC, DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.24349.
  • Sharma, A., Lewis, J., Lim, W., Palmer, S., Strippoli, G., Chapman, J., Alexander, S., Craig, J., Wong, G., (2018), Renal transplant outcomes and de novo donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies: a systematic review. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 33(8), 1472-1480, United Kingdom, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfy077.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Devine, A., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Wood, L., Puddey, I., Ward, N., Croft, K., Woodman, R., Beilin, L., Hodgson, J., (2018), Nitrate-rich vegetables do not lower blood pressure in individuals with mildly elevated blood pressure: a 4-wk randomized controlled crossover trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 107(6), 894-908, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/nqy061.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Bondonno, N., Lim, W., Zhu, K., Beilin, L., Thompson, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2018), Cruciferous and Total Vegetable Intakes Are Inversely Associated With Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Older Adult Women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7(8), Article no.e008391, United States, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.008391.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Bondonno, C., Bondonno, N., Ward, N., Prince, R., Devine, A., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., (2018), Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Specific Vegetable Types: A Narrative Review. Nutrients, 10(5), Article no.595, Switzerland, MDPIAG, DOI: 10.3390/nu10050595.
  • Hanson, C., Chapman, J., Gill, J., Kanellis, J., Wong, G., Craig, J., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Chadban, S., Garg, A., Ralph, A., Pinter, J., Lewis, J., Tong, A., (2018), Identifying outcomes that are important to living kidney donors: A nominal group technique study. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 13(6), 916-926, United States, American Society of Nephrology, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.13441217.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, N., Liu, A., Ward, N., Prince, R., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., Bondonno, C., (2018), Nitrate, the oral microbiome, and cardiovascular health: a systematic literature review of human and animal studies. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 107(4), 504-522, United States, American Society of Nutrition, DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/nqx046.
  • Alonso, N., Estrada, K., Albagha, O., Herrera, L., Reppe, S., Olstad, O., Gautvik, K., Ryan, N., Evans, K., Nielson, C., Hsu, Y., Kiel, D., Markozannes, G., Ntzani, E., Evangelou, E., Feenstra, B., Liu, X., Melbye, M., Masi, L., Brandi, M., Riches, P., Daroszewska, A., Olmos, J., Valero, C., Castillo, J., Riancho, J., Husted, L., Langdahl, B., Brown, M., Duncan, E., Kaptoge, S., Khaw, K., Usatequi-Martin, R., Del Pino-Montes, J., Gonzalez-Sarmiento, R., Lewis, J., Prince, R., D'amelio, P., Garcia-Giralt, N., Nogues, X., Mencej-Bedrac, S., Marc, J., Wolstein, O., Eisman, J., Oei, L., Medina-Gomez, C., Schraut, K., Navarro, P., Wilson, J., Davies, G., Starr, J., Deary, I., Tanaka, T., Ferrucci, L., Gianfrancesco, F., Gennari, L., Lucas, G., Elosua, R., Uitterlinden, A., Rivadeneira, F., Ralston, S., (2018), Identification of a novel locus on chromosome 2q13, which predisposes to clinical vertebral fractures independently of bone density. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 77(3), 378-385, UK, BMJ Group, DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2017-212469.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Woodman, R., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2018), Vegetable and fruit intake and injurious falls risk in older women: a prospective cohort study. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 120(8), 925-934, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114518002155.
  • Deering, K., Callan, A., Prince, RL., Lim, WH., Thompson, PL., Lewis, J., Hinwood, A., Devine, A., (2018), Low-level cadmium exposure and cardiovascular outcomes in elderly Australian women: A cohort study. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 221(2), 347-354, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.12.007.
  • Rodriguez, A., Lewis, J., Scott, D., Kiel, D., Schousboe, J., Ebeling, P., Prince, R., (2018), Aortic Calcification is Associated with Five-Year Decline in Handgrip Strength in Older Women. Calcified Tissue International, 103(6), 589-598, United States, Springer New York LLC, DOI: 10.1007/s00223-018-0458-5.
  • Gopinath, B., Liew, G., Kifley, A., Flood, V., Joachim, N., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P., (2018), Dietary flavonoids and the prevalence and 15-y incidence of age-related macular degeneration. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 108(2), 381-387, United States, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/nqy114.
  • Lewis, J., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Wilson, K., Zhu, K., Thompson, P., Kiel, D., Prince, R., (2018), Long-Term Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease Risk and Prognosis in Elderly Women With Abdominal Aortic Calcification on Lateral Spine Images Captured During Bone Density Testing: A Prospective Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 33(6), 1001–1010, United States, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc., DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3405.
  • Gopinath, B., Liew, G., Kifley, A., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Joachim, N., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P., (2018), Association of Dietary Nitrate Intake with the 15-Year Incidence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 118(12), 2311-2314, United States, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.jand.2018.07.012.
  • Lewis, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Abbs, S., Zhu, K., Lim, E., Thompson, P., Prince, R., (2017), Association Between High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I and Cardiac Events in Elderly Women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(8), Article no. e004174, New Jersey, USA, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.004174.
  • Zillikens, MC., Demissie, S., Hsu, YH., Yerges-Armstrong, LM., Chou, WC., Stolk, L., Livshits, G., Broer, L., Johnson, T., Koller, DL., Kutalik, Z., Luan, J., Malkin, I., Ried, JS., Smith, AV., Thorleifsson, G., Vandenput, L., Zhao, JH., Zhang, WH., Aghdassi, A., Akesson, K., Amin, N., Baier, LJ., Barroso, I., Bennett, DA., Bertram, L., Biffar, R., Bochud, M., Boehnke, M., Borecki, IB., Buchman, AS., Byberg, L., Campbell, H., Obanda, NC., Cauley, JA., Cawthon, PM., Cederberg, H., Chen, Z., Cho, NH., Choi, HJ., Claussnitzer, M., Collins, F., Cummings, SR., De Jager, PL., Demuth, I., Dhonukshe-Rutten, RA., Diatchenko, L., Eiriksdottir, G., Enneman, AW., Erdos, M., Eriksson, JG., Eriksson, J., Estrada, K., Evans, DS., Feitosa, MF., Fu, M., Garcia, M., Gieger, C., Girke, T., Glazer, NL., Grallert, H., Grewal, J., Han, BG., Hanson, RL., Hayward, C., Hofman, A., Hoffman, EP., Homuth, G., Hsueh, WC., Hubal, MJ., Hubbard, A., Huffman, KM., Husted, LB., Illig, T., Ingelsson, E., Ittermann, T., Jansson, JO., Jordan, JM., Jula, A., Karlsson, M., Khaw, KT., Kilpainen, TO., Klopp, N., Kloth, JS., Koistinen, HA., Kraus, WE., Kritchevsky, S., Kuulasmaa, T., Kuusisto, J., Laakso, M., Lahti, J., Lang, T., Langdahl, BL., Launer, LJ., Lee, JY., Lerch, MM., Lewis, J., Lind, L., Lindgren, C., Liu, YM., Liu, T., Liu, YF., Ljunggren, O., Lorentzon, M., Luben, RN., Maixner, W., McGuigan, FE., Medina-Gomez, C., Meitinger, T., Melhus, H., Mellstrom, D., Melov, S., Michaelsson, K., Mitchell, BD., Morris, AP., Mosekilde, L., Newman, A., Nielson, CM., O'Connell, JR., Oostra, BA., Orwoll, ES., Palotie, A., Parker, S., Peacock, M., Perola, M., Peters, A., Polasek, O., Prince, RL., Raikkonen, K., Ralston, SH., Ripatti, S., Robbins, JA., Rotter, JI., Rudan, I., Salomaa, V., Satterfield, S., Schadt, EE., Schipf, S., Scott, L., Sehmi, J., Shen, J., Shin, CS., Sigurdsson, G., Smith, S., Soranzo, N., Stancakova, A., Steinhagen-Thiessen, E., Streeten, EA., Styrkarsdottir, U., Swart, KM., Tan, ST., Tarnopolsky, MA., Thompson, P., Thomson, CA., Thorsteinsdottir, U., Tikkanen, E., Tranah, GJ., Tuomilehto, J., Van Schoor, NM., Verma, A., Vollenweider, P., Volzke, H., Wactawski-Wende, J., Walker, M., Weedon, MN., Welch, R., Wichman, HE., Widen, E., Williams, FM., Wilson, JF., Wright, NC., Xie, WJ., Yu, L., Zhou, YH., Chambers, JC., Doring, A., Van Duijn, CM., Econs, MJ., Gudnason, V., Kooner, JS., Psaty, BM., Spector, TD., Stefansson, K., Rivadeneira, F., Uitterlinden, AG., Wareham, NJ., Ossowski, V., Waterworth, D., Loos, RJ., Karasik, D., Harris, TB., Ohlsson, C., Kiel, DP., (2017), Large meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies five loci for lean body mass. Nature Communications, 8(1), article no. 80, London, United Kingdom, Nature Publishing Group, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00031-7.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Prince, R., Ward, N., Croft, K., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Shinde, S., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Bondonno, C., (2017), Development of a reference database for assessing dietary nitrate in vegetables. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 61(8), Article no. 1600982, Weinheim, Germany, Wiley - VCH Verlag, DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.201600982.
  • Muka, T., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Erler, N., Hofman, A., Franco, O., Rivadeneira, F., Kiefte-De Jong, J., (2017), Dietary fat composition, total body fat and regional body fat distribution in two Caucasian populations of middle-aged and older adult women. Clinical Nutrition, 36(5), 1411-1419, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Elsevier BV, DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2016.09.018.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Lim, W., Woodman, R., Beilin, L., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2017), Cruciferous and allium vegetable intakes are inversely associated with 15-year Atherosclerotic Vascular disease deaths in older adult women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(10), Article number e006558, United States, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.006558.
  • Touw, W., Ueland, T., Bollerslev, J., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Thompson, P., Kiel, D., Prince, R., Rivadeneira, F., Lewis, J., (2017), Association of Circulating Wnt Antagonists With Severe Abdominal Aortic Calcification in Elderly Women. Journal of the Endocrine Society, 1(1), 26-38, North Carolina, USA, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1210/js.2016-1040.
  • Wang, L., Khoo, B., Cheng, X., Brown, K., Lewis, J., Su, Y., Guo, Z., Li, K., Prince, R., (2017), Differences in femoral neck structure between elderly Caucasian and Chinese populations: a cross-sectional study of Perth-Beijing cohorts. Archives of Osteoporosis, 12(1), article no. 72, Surrey, United Kingdom, Springer UK, DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0366-8.
  • Bondonno, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Prince, R., Ivey, K., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Lundberg, J., Croft, K., Thompson, P., Hodgson, J., (2017), Association of vegetable nitrate intake with Carotid Atherosclerosis and Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease in older women. Stroke, 48(7), 1724-1729, Philadelphia, USA, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.016844.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Lim, W., Wong, G., Zhu, K., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Prince, R., (2017), Vegetable and Fruit Intake and Fracture-Related Hospitalisations: A Prospective Study of Older Women. Nutrients, 9(5), Article number 511, Basel, Switzerland, MDPI AG, DOI: 10.3390/nu9050511.
  • Lim, W., Wong, G., Lewis, J., Lok, C., Polkinghorne, K., Hodgson, J., Lim, E., Prince, R., (2017), Total volume and composition of fluid intake and mortality in older women: a cohort study. BMJ Open, 7(3), Article number e011720, BMJ Publishing Group, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011720.
  • Kim, S., Lewis, J., Baur, L., Macaskill, P., Craig, C., (2017), Obesity and hypertension in Australian young people: results from the Australian Health Survey 2011-2012. Internal Medicine Journal, 47(2), 162-169, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia, DOI: 10.1111/imj.13298.
  • Schousboe, J., Lewis, J., Kiel, D., (2017), Abdominal aortic calcification on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: Methods of assessment and clinical significance. Bone, 104(Nov), 91-100, USA, Elsevier Inc., DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2017.01.025.
  • Bondonno, N., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Shivappa, N., Woodman, R., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Hebert, J., Thompson, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2017), Dietary inflammatory index in relation to sub-clinical atherosclerosis and atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality in older women. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 117(11), 1577-1586, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114517001520.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Croft, K., Lim, W., Wong, G., Beilin, L., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2017), Association of dietary nitrate with atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality: a prospective cohort study of older adult women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 106(1), 207-216, Maryland, USA, American Society for Nutrition, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.116.146761.
  • Levinger, I., Brennan-Speranza, T., Zulli, A., Parker, L., Lin, X., Lewis, J., Yeap, B., (2017), Multifaceted interaction of bone, muscle, lifestyle interventions and metabolic and cardiovascular disease: role of osteocalcin. Osteoporosis International, 28(8), 2265-2273, UK, Springer UK, DOI: 10.1007/s00198-017-3994-3.
  • Lim, WH., Chapman, JR., Coates, PT., Lewis, J., Russ, GR., Watson, N., Holdsworth, R., Wong, G., (2016), HLA-DQ Mismatches and Rejection in Kidney Transplant Recipients. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 11(5), 875-883, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.11641115.
  • Wong, G., Staplin, N., Emberson, J., Baigent, C., Turner, R., Chalmers, J., Zoungas, S., Pollock, C., Cooper , B., Harris, D., Wang, JJ., Mitchell, P., Prince, R., Lim, WH., Lewis, J., Chapman, J., Craig, J., (2016), Chronic kidney disease and the risk of cancer: an individual patient data meta-analysis of 32,057 participants from six prospectivestudies. BMC Cancer, 16(1), Article no.488, United Kingdom, BioMed Central Ltd, DOI: 10.1186/s12885-016-2532-6.
  • Khoo, B., Lewis, J., Brown, K., Prince, R., (2016), Evaluation of a simplified hip structure analysis method for the prediction of incident hip fracture events. Osteoporosis International, 27(1), 241-248, UK, Springer UK, DOI: 10.1007/s00198-015-3282-z.
  • Hodgson, J., Prince, R., Woodman, R., Bondonno, C., Ivey, K., Bondonno, N., Rimm, E., Ward, N., Croft, K., Lewis, J., (2016), Apple intake is inversely associated with all-cause and disease-specific mortality in elderly women. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 115(5), 860-867, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114515005231.
  • Bondonno, N., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Lim, W., Wong, G., Schousboe, J., Woodman, R., Kiel, D., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., (2016), Fruit intake and abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: A prospective cohort study. Nutrients, 8(3), Article no. 159, MDPI AG, DOI: 10.3390/nu8030159.
  • Lewis, J., Schousboe, JT., Lim, W., Wong, G., Zhu, K., Lim, E., Wilson, K., Thompson, P., Kiel, D., Prince, R., (2016), Abdominal Aortic Calcification Identified on Lateral Spine Images from Bone Densitometers Are a Marker of Generalized Atherosclerosis in Elderly Women. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, 36(1), 166-173, USA, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, DOI: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.115.306383.

Research Student Supervision

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy: Cardiovascular health benefits of vegetables and their components
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