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Associate Professor Joshua Lewis

Associate Professor

Staff Member Details
Telephone: +61 8 6304 4602
Mobile: 0428 987 438
Email: joshua.lewis@ecu.edu.au
Campus: Joondalup  
Room: JO8.515  
ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1003-8443

Associate Professor in Cardiometabolic Health

Josh leads the disorders of mineralisation research group within the School of Medical and Health Sciences. His research aims to develop better ways to identify and prevent disease before the onset of clinical symptoms. Josh supervises postgraduate students in a range of research areas including developing tests for chronic diseases, clinical nutrition and lifestyle research as well as developing better evidence to improve healthy ageing.

Background

Josh’s expertise is in the epidemiology of disorders of mineralisation and clinical trials. His National Heart Foundation Future Leader Fellowship focuses on better understanding of vascular calcification and how we can use this knowledge to prevent people going on to having clinical cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes. Josh’s research has been published in leading international medical journals such as Nature, the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Lancet Planetary Health, Nature Communications, the Journal of the American Heart Association, Nature Genetics, Archives of Internal Medicine and the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. His research regularly receives national and international media attention and has attracted more than $3 million in funding from national peer reviewed grants and scholarships.

Currently, he is conducting research on developing convenient, reliable and safe tests for vascular calcification as well as the identification of mechanism(s) and modifiable factors related to vascular calcification.

Professional Associations

  • Australian Cardiovascular Alliance 2019-current
  • Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society 2009-current
  • American Heart Association, council for Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease (KCVD) and council for Epidemiology and Prevention 2014-current
  • Australian Society for Medical Research 2008-current
  • American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 2009-current
  • International Federation of Musculoskeletal Research Societies 2016-current

Awards and Recognition

  • 2019 Australian Institute of Policy and Science, Western Australian Tall Poppy Award.
  • 2017 Australian Academy of Sciences Theo Murphy High Flyers Think Tank participant.
  • 2016, 2014, 2012 Top graded reviewer, Annals of Internal Medicine.
  • 2016 Nature Publication Award, University of Western Australia.
  • 2015 ANZBMS Kaye Ibbertson Award for Bone and Mineral Medicine.
  • 2014 Thompson Reuters highly cited publication.
  • 2014 ESCEO-MSD Fellowship Young Investigator Award, World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases.
  • 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Distinguished Oral Presentation.
  • 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Young Investigator Award.
  • 2013 Thompson Reuters highly cited publication (first author).
  • 2013 Strachan Memorial Prize, Best clinical paper, Raine medical research foundation.
  • 2012-2014 Raine Foundation / Alan Robson Fellow.

Research Areas and Interests

Cardiovascular disease, Osteoporosis, Vascular calcification, Mineral-Bone disorders, Diet and lifestyle, Healthy ageing.

Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Murdoch University, 2009.
  • Bachelor of Science, Murdoch University, 2005.
  • Bachelor of Science, Murdoch University, 2004.

Research Outputs

Journal Articles

  • Bellinge, J., Francis, R., Lee, SC., Vickery, A., Macdonald, W., Gan, SK., Chew, G., Phillips, M., Lewis, J., Watts, G., Schultz, C. (2021). The effect of Vitamin-K1 and Colchicine on Vascular Calcification Activity in subjects with Diabetes Mellitus (ViKCoVaC): A doubleblind 2x2 factorial randomized controlled trial. Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, epub ahead of print(April), 12p.. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12350-021-02589-8.
  • Radavelli Bagatini, S., Anokye, R., Bondonno, N., Sim, M., Bondonno, C., Stanley, M., Harms, C., Woodman, R., Magliano, DJ., Shaw, JE., Daly, RM., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L. (2021). Association of habitual intake of fruits and vegetables with depressive symptoms: the AusDiab study. European Journal of Nutrition, -(-), -. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-021-02532-0.
  • Radavelli Bagatini, S., Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Prince, RL., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Woodman, R., Anokye, R., Dimmock, J., Jackson, B., Costello, L., Devine, A., Stanley, M., Dickson, J., Magliano, DJ., Shaw, JE., Daly, RM., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J. (2021). Fruit and vegetable intake is inversely associated with perceived stress across the adult lifespan. Clinical Nutrition, -(-), -.
  • Bondonno, N., Murray, K., Cassidy, A., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Croft, K., Kyro, C., Gislason, G., Torp-Pedersen, C., Scalbert, A., Tjønneland, A., Hodgson, J., Dalgaard, F. (2021). Higher habitual flavonoid intakes are associated with a lower risk of peripheral artery disease hospitalizations. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 113(2021), 187-199.
  • Khoo, B., Wang, L., Lewis, J., Brown, K., Cheng, X., Prince, R. (2021). Structural factors associated with femoral neck fractures and its prediction in Chinese males. Journal of Clinical Densitometry, In press(2021), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2021.01.002.
  • Lewis, J., Voortman, T., Ioannidis, J. (2021). Evaluating and strengthening the evidence for nutritional bone research: Ready to break new ground?. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 36(2), 219-226. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.4236.
  • Smith, C., Lewis, J., Sim, M., Lim, W., Lim, E., Blekkenhorst, L., Brennan-Speranza , T., Adams, L., Byrnes, E., Duque, G., Levinger, I., Prince, R. (2021). Higher Undercarboxylated to Total Osteocalcin Ratio Is Associated With Reduced Physical Function and Increased 15‐Year Falls‐Related Hospitalizations: The Perth Longitudinal Study of Aging Women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 36(3), 523-530. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.4208.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, N., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Peeling, P., Bondonno, C., Magliano, D., Shaw, J., Woodman , R., Murray, K., Lewis, J., Daly, R., Hodgson, J. (2021). Dietary nitrate intake is positively associated with muscle function in men and women independent of physical activity levels. The Journal of Nutrition, -(-), -. https://doi.org/in press.
  • Smith, C., Tacey, A., Mesinovic, J., Scott, D., Lin, X., Brennan-Speranza, T., Lewis, J., Duque, G., Levinger, I. (2021). The effects of acute exercise on bone turnover markers in middle-aged and older adults: A systematic review. Bone, 143(February 2021), Article 115766. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2020.115766.
  • Leow, K., Szulc, P., Schousboe, J., Kiel, D., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Shaikh, H., Sawang, M., Sim, M., Bondonno, N., Hodgson, J., Sharma, A., Thompson, P., Prince, R., Craig, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Lewis, J. (2021). Prognostic value of abdominal aortic calcification: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Journal of the American Heart Association, X(X), X. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.017205.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Kiel, D., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Prince, R., Lewis, J. (2021). Cruciferous vegetable intake is inversely associated with extensive abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: a cross-sectional study. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, Online(July), 9p.. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520002706.
  • Jones, G., Trajanoska, K., Santanasto, A., Stringa, N., Kuo, C., Atkins, J., Lewis, J., Duong, T., Hong, S., Biggs, M., Luan, J., Sarnowski, C., Lunetta, K., Tanaka, T., Wojczynski, M., Cvejkus, R., Nethander, M., Ghasemi, S., Yang, J., Zillikens, M., Pilling, L. (2021). Genome-wide meta-analysis of muscle weakness identifies 15 susceptibility loci in older men and women. Nature Communications, 12(2021), Article 654. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-20918-w.
  • Bellinge, J., Francis, R., Lee, SC., Phillips, M., Rajwani, A., Lewis, J., Watts, G., Schultz, C. (2021). 18F-Sodium Fluoride Positron Emission Tomography Activity Predicts the Development of New Coronary Artery Calcifications. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, 41(1), 534-541. https://doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.120.315364.

Journal Articles

  • Liu, X., Liu, Y., Mathers, J., Cameron, M., Levinger, I., Yeap, B., Lewis, J., Brock, K., Brennan-Speranza, T. (2020). Osteocalcin and measures of adiposity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Archives of Osteoporosis, 15(1), Article number 145. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-020-00812-6.
  • Khoo, B., Wang, L., Lewis, J., Brown, K., Cheng, X., Prince, R. (2020). Anatomical factors associated with femoral neck fractures of elderly Beijing women. Archives of Osteoporosis, 15(1), Article number 112. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-020-00780-x.
  • Rees, J., Christophersen, C., Lewis, J., Lo, J., Sambell, R., Costello, L., Walker, C., Byrne, M., Boyce, M., Newton, R., Devine, A. (2020). The study protocol for a pseudo-randomised pre-post designed controlled intervention trial to study the effects of a 7-week cooking program on self-efficacy and biomarkers of health: The ECU lifestyle and biomarkers get connected study (ECULABJMOF) including the Jamie's Ministry of Food WA participant experience. BMC Public Health, 20(1), Article number 1037. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09124-3.
  • Lin, X., Onda, D., Yang, C., Lewis, J., Levinger, I., Loh, K. (2020). Roles of bone-derived hormones in type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular pathophysiology. Molecular Metabolism, 40(October 2020), Article number 101040. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2020.101040.
  • Sharma, A., Taverniti, A., Graf, N., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Lewis, J., Lim, W., Alexander, S., Durkan, A., Craig, J., Wong, G. (2020). The association between human leukocyte antigen eplet mismatches, de novo donor-specific antibodies, and the risk of acute rejection in pediatric kidney transplant recipients. Pediatric Nephrology, 35(6), 1061-1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-020-04474-x.
  • Smith, C., Voisin, S., Al Saedi, A., Phu, S., Brennan-Speranza, T., Parker, L., Eynon, N., Hiam, D., Yan, X., Scott, D., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Seeman, E., Byrnes, E., Flicker, L., Duque, G., Yeap, B., Levinger, I. (2020). Osteocalcin and its forms across the lifespan in adult men. Bone, 130(January 2020), Article 115085. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2019.115085.
  • Hill, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Sim, M., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Shaw, J., Hodgson, J., Daly, R., Lewis, J. (2020). Fruit and Vegetable Knowledge and Intake within an Australian Population: The AusDiab Study. Nutrients, 12(12), Article number 3628. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123628.
  • Tacey, A., Sim, M., Smith, C., Woessner , M., Byrnes , E., Lewis, J., Brennan-Speranza , T., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Levinger, I. (2020). Association between Circulating Osteocalcin and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors following a 4-Week Leafy Green Vitamin K-Rich Diet. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism: European journal of nutrition, metabolic diseases and dietetics, 76(5), 361–367. https://doi.org/10.1159/000511660.
  • Connolly, E., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Croft, K., Boyce, M., James, A., Clark, K., Anokye, R., Bondonno, N., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Gan, SK., Schultz, C., Mithen, R., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L. (2020). A randomised controlled crossover trial investigating the short-term effects of different types of vegetables on vascular and metabolic function in middle-aged and older adults with mildly elevated blood pressure: the VEgetableS for vaScular hEaLth (VESSEL) study protocol. Nutrition Journal, 19(1), Article number 41. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-020-00559-3.
  • Bernier-Jean, A., Prince, R., Lewis, J., Craig, J., Hodgson, J., Lim, W., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Wong, G. (2020). Dietary plant and animal protein intake and decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate among elderly women: a 10-year longitudinal cohort study. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 2020(Article in press), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfaa081.
  • Bondonno, N., Murray, K., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Croft, K., Kyro, C., Gislason, G., Tjonneland, A., Scalbert, A., Cassidy, A., Piccini, J., Overvad, K., Hodgson, J., Dalgaard, F. (2020). Flavonoid intake and its association with atrial fibrillation. Clinical Nutrition, 39(12), 3821-3828. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2020.04.025.
  • Parmenter, B., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., Dalgaard, F., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Cassidy, A., Scalbert, A., Bondonno, N. (2020). An overview and update on the epidemiology of flavonoid intake and cardiovascular disease risk. Food and Function, 11(8), 6777-6806. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0FO01118E.
  • Wang, J., Lewis, J., Byrnes, E., Wong, G., Raymond, W., Zhu, K., Robertson, G., Lim, W., Cao, Q., Prince, R., Lee, V. (2020). Serum Midkine, estimated glomerular filtration rate and chronic kidney disease‑related events in elderly women: Perth Longitudinal Study of Aging Women. Scientific Reports, 10(December 2020), Article number 14499. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-71353-8.
  • Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Anokye, R., Connolly, E., Bondonno, N., Schoesboe, J., Woodman, R., Zhu , K., Szulc, P., Jackson, B., Dimmock, J., Schlaich, M., Cox, K., Kiel, D., Lim, W., Stanley, M., Devine, A., Thompson, P., Gianoudis, J., De Ross, B., Daly, R., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J. (2020). Modification Of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle (MODEL) study: a randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open, 10(11), Article number 036366. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036366.
  • Anokye, R., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Connolly, E., Bondonno, N., Schousboe, J., Woodman, R., Zhu, K., Szulc, P., Jackson, B., Dimmock, J., Schlaich, M., Cox, K., Kiel, D., Lim, W., Devine, A., Thompson, P., Gianoudis, J., De Ross, B., Daly, R., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., Stanley, M. (2020). Implementation, mechanisms of impact and key contextual factors involved in outcomes of the Modification of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle (MODEL) randomised controlled trial in Australian adults: Protocol for a mixed-method process evaluation. BMJ Open, 10(11), Article number 036395. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036395.
  • Gopinath, B., McMahon, C., Lewis, J., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Burlutsky, G., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P. (2020). Associations between Intake of Dietary Flavonoids and 10-Year Incidence of Age-Related Hearing Loss. Nutrients, 12(11), Article number 3297. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113297.
  • Bondonno, N., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Shin, JH., Croft, KD., Woodman, RJ., Wong, G., Lim, WH., Gopinath, B., Flood, VM., Russell, J., Mitchell, P., Hodgson, J. (2020). Association of flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods with all-cause mortality: The Blue Mountains Eye Study. Clinical Nutrition, 39(1), 141-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2019.01.004.
  • Gopinath, B., Liew, G., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Burlutsky, G., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P. (2020). Association of dietary nitrate intake with retinal microvascular structure in older adults. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(5), 2057–2063. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-02055-9.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Lim, WH., Woodman, RJ., Beilin, LJ., Thompson, PL., Prince, RL., Hodgson, J. (2020). Vegetable diversity in relation with subclinical atherosclerosis and 15-year atherosclerotic vascular disease deaths in older adult women. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(1), 217-230. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01902-z.
  • Schousboe, J., Vo, T., Langsetmo, L., Adabag, S., Szulc, P., Lewis, J., Kats, A., Taylor, B., Ensrud, K. (2020). Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) predict health care costs and utilization in older men, independent of prevalent clinical cardiovascular disease and each other. Atherosclerosis, 295(February 2020), 31-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2020.01.012.
  • Palmer, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Ward, N., Schultz, CJ., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Sim, M. (2020). Quantifying dietary vitamin K and its link to cardiovascular health: a narrative review. Food and Function, 11(4), 2826-2837. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9fo02321f.
  • Gopinath, B., Liew, G., Lewis, J., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Burlutsky, G., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P. (2020). Associations between dietary flavonoids and retinal microvasculature in older adults. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(7), 3093-3101. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-02148-5.
  • Bondonno, N., Blekkenhorst, L., Bird, A., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Shivappa, N., Hebert, J., Woodman, R., Wong, G., Kerr, D., Lim, W., Prince, R. (2020). Dietary inflammatory index and the aging kidney in older women: a 10‑year prospective cohort study. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(7), 3201-3211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-02160-9.
  • Sim, M., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Levinger, I., Brennan-Speranza, T., Palmer, C., Bondonno, C., Bondonno, N., Devine, A., Ward, N., Byrnes, E., Schultz, C., Woodman, R., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L. (2020). The effects of vitamin K-rich green leafy vegetables on bone metabolism: a 4-week randomised controlled trial in middle-aged and older individuals. Bone Reports, 12(June 2020), Article number 100274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bonr.2020.100274.

Journal Articles

  • Sim, M., Prince, R., Scott, D., Daly, R., Duque, G., Charles, I., Kun, Z., Richard, W., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J. (2019). Sarcopenia Definitions and Their Associations With Mortality in Older Australian Women. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (JAMDA): long-term care: management, applied research and clinical issues, 20(1), 76-82.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2018.10.016.
  • Lewis, J., Wong, G., Taverniti, A., Vucak-Dzumhur, M., Elder, G. (2019). Association between Aortic Calcification, Cardiovascular Events, and Mortality in Kidney and Pancreas-Kidney Transplant Recipients. American Journal of Nephrology, 50(3), 177-186. https://doi.org/10.1159/000502328.
  • Lewis, J., Sim, M., Daly, R. (2019). The Vitamin D and Calcium Controversy: An Update. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 31(2), 91-97. https://doi.org/10.1097/BOR.0000000000000584.
  • Zanker, J., Scott , D., Reijnierse , E., Brennan-Olsen , S., Daly , R., Girgis , C., Grossmann , M., Hayes , A., Henwood , T., Hirani , V., Inderjeeth , C., Iuliano, S., Keogh, J., Lewis, J., Maier , A., Pasco, J., Phu, S., Sanders, K., Sim, M., Visvanathan , R., Waters , D., Yu , S., Duque , G. (2019). Establishing an Operational Definition of Sarcopenia in Australia and New Zealand: Delphi Method Based Consensus Statement. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 23(1), 105-110. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-018-1113-6.
  • Zhu, K., Lewis, J., Sim, M., Prince, R. (2019). Low vitamin D status is associated with impaired bone quality and increased risk of fracture-related hospitalization in older Australian women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(11), 2019-2027. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3818.
  • Lewis, J., Brennan-Speranza, T., Levinger, I., Byrnes, E., Lim, E., Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Lim, W., Adams, L., Prince, R. (2019). Effects of calcium supplementation on circulating osteocalcin and glycated hemoglobin in older women. Osteoporosis International, 30(10), 2065-2072. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-05087-3.
  • Chong, J., Prince, R., Thompson, P., Thavapalachandran, S., Ooi, E., Devine, A., Lim, E., Byrnes, E., Wong, G., Lim, W., Lewis, J. (2019). Association Between Plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and Cardiac Disease Hospitalizations and Deaths in Older Women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 8(1), Article number e011028. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.011028.
  • Sim, M., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Peeling, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2019). Dietary nitrate intake is associated with muscle function in older women. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 10(3), 601-610. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcsm.12413.
  • Rodriguez, A., Leow, K., Szulc, P., Scott, D., Ebeling, P., Sim, M., Wong, G., Lim, W., Schousboe, JT., Kiel, D., Prince, R., Lewis, J. (2019). Abdominal aortic calcification, bone mineral density and fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. BMJ Open, 9(4), Article number e026232. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026232.
  • Lewis, J., Eggermont, C., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Khoo, B., Sim, M., Yu, M., Ueland, T., Bollerslev , J., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Wilson, K., Kiel, D., Prince, R. (2019). Association between abdominal aortic calcification, bone mineral density and fracture in older women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(11), 2052-2060. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3830.
  • Liu, AH., Bondonno, C., Russell, J., Flood, VM., Lewis, J., Croft, KD., Woodman, RJ., Lim, WH., Kifley, A., Wong, G., Mitchell, P., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L. (2019). Relationship of dietary nitrate intake from vegetables with cardiovascular disease mortality: a prospective study in a cohort of older Australians. European Journal of Nutrition, 58(7), 2741–2753. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1823-x.
  • Bondonno, N., Dalgaard, F., Kyro, C., Murray, K., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Croft, K., Gislason, G., Scalbert, A., Cassidy, A., Tjonneland, A., Overvad, K., Hodgson, J. (2019). Flavonoid intake is associated with lower mortality in the Danish Diet Cancer and Health Cohort. Nature Communications, 10(1), Article number 3651. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11622-x.
  • Dalgaard, F., Bondonno, N., Murray, K., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Croft, K., Kyro, C., Gislason, G., Scalbert, A., Cassidy, A., Tjonneland, A., Overvad, K., Hodgson, J. (2019). Associations between habitual flavonoid intake and hospital admissions for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: a prospective cohort study. The Lancet Planetary Health, 3(11), 450-459. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(19)30212-8.
  • Brims, F., Popowicz, N., Rosenstengel, A., Hart, J., Yogendran, A., Read, C., Lee, F., Shrestha, R., Franke, A., Lewis, J., Kay, I., Waterer, G., Lee, Y. (2019). Bacteriology and clinical outcomes of patients with culture-positive pleural infection in Western Australia: A 6-year analysis. Respirology, 24(2), 171-178. https://doi.org/10.1111/resp.13395.
  • Prince, R., Lewis, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Wilson, K., Khoo, B., Zhu, K., Kiel, D., Schousboe, J. (2019). Adding Lateral Spine Imaging for Vertebral Fractures to Densitometric Screening: Improving Ascertainment of Patients at High Risk of Incident Osteoporotic Fractures. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(2), 282-289. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3595.
  • Sim, M., Prince, R., Scott, D., Daly, R., Duque, G., Inderjeeth, C., Kun, Z., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J. (2019). Utility of four sarcopenia criteria for the prediction of falls-related hospitalization in older Australian women. Osteoporosis International, 30(1), 167-176. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-018-4755-7.

Journal Articles

  • Gopinath, B., Liew, G., Kifley, A., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Joachim, N., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P. (2018). Association of Dietary Nitrate Intake with the 15-Year Incidence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 118(12), 2311-2314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2018.07.012.
  • Hanson, C., Chapman, J., Gill, J., Kanellis, J., Wong, G., Craig, J., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Chadban, S., Garg, A., Ralph, A., Pinter, J., Lewis, J., Tong, A. (2018). Identifying outcomes that are important to living kidney donors: A nominal group technique study. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 13(6), 916-926. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.13441217.
  • Alonso, N., Estrada, K., Albagha, O., Herrera, L., Reppe, S., Olstad, O., Gautvik, K., Ryan, N., Evans, K., Nielson, C., Hsu, Y., Kiel, D., Markozannes, G., Ntzani, E., Evangelou, E., Feenstra, B., Liu, X., Melbye, M., Masi, L., Brandi, M., Riches, P., Daroszewska, A., Olmos, J., Valero, C., Castillo, J., Riancho, J., Husted, L., Langdahl, B., Brown, M., Duncan, E., Kaptoge, S., Khaw, K., Usatequi-Martin, R., Del Pino-Montes, J., Gonzalez-Sarmiento, R., Lewis, J., Prince, R., D'amelio, P., Garcia-Giralt, N., Nogues, X., Mencej-Bedrac, S., Marc, J., Wolstein, O., Eisman, J., Oei, L., Medina-Gomez, C., Schraut, K., Navarro, P., Wilson, J., Davies, G., Starr, J., Deary, I., Tanaka, T., Ferrucci, L., Gianfrancesco, F., Gennari, L., Lucas, G., Elosua, R., Uitterlinden, A., Rivadeneira, F., Ralston, S. (2018). Identification of a novel locus on chromosome 2q13, which predisposes to clinical vertebral fractures independently of bone density. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 77(3), 378-385. https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2017-212469.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Woodman, R., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2018). Vegetable and fruit intake and injurious falls risk in older women: a prospective cohort study. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 120(8), 925-934. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518002155.
  • Gopinath, B., Liew, G., Kifley, A., Flood, V., Joachim, N., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Mitchell, P. (2018). Dietary flavonoids and the prevalence and 15-y incidence of age-related macular degeneration. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 108(2), 381-387. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy114.
  • Lewis, J., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Wilson, K., Zhu, K., Thompson, P., Kiel, D., Prince, R. (2018). Long-Term Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease Risk and Prognosis in Elderly Women With Abdominal Aortic Calcification on Lateral Spine Images Captured During Bone Density Testing: A Prospective Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 33(6), 1001–1010. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3405.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, N., Liu, A., Ward, N., Prince, R., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., Bondonno, C. (2018). Nitrate, the oral microbiome, and cardiovascular health: a systematic literature review of human and animal studies. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 107(4), 504-522. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqx046.
  • Rodriguez, A., Lewis, J., Scott, D., Kiel, D., Schousboe, J., Ebeling, P., Prince, R. (2018). Aortic Calcification is Associated with Five-Year Decline in Handgrip Strength in Older Women. Calcified Tissue International, 103(6), 589-598. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00223-018-0458-5.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Woodman, R., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2018). Vegetable Diversity, Injurious Falls, and Fracture Risk in Older Women: A Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients, 10(8), Article no.1081. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081081.
  • Fidler, S., D'orsogna, L., Irish, A., Lewis, J., Wong, G., Lim, W. (2018). Correlation and agreement between eplet mismatches calculated using serological, low-intermediate and high resolution molecular human leukocyte antigen typing methods. Oncotarget, 9(17), 13116-13124. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.24349.
  • Sharma, A., Lewis, J., Lim, W., Palmer, S., Strippoli, G., Chapman, J., Alexander, S., Craig, J., Wong, G. (2018). Renal transplant outcomes and de novo donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies: a systematic review. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 33(8), 1472-1480. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfy077.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Devine, A., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Wood, L., Puddey, I., Ward, N., Croft, K., Woodman, R., Beilin, L., Hodgson, J. (2018). Nitrate-rich vegetables do not lower blood pressure in individuals with mildly elevated blood pressure: a 4-wk randomized controlled crossover trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 107(6), 894-908. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy061.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Bondonno, N., Lim, W., Zhu, K., Beilin, L., Thompson, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2018). Cruciferous and Total Vegetable Intakes Are Inversely Associated With Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Older Adult Women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7(8), Article no.e008391. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.117.008391.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Bondonno, C., Bondonno, N., Ward, N., Prince, R., Devine, A., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J. (2018). Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Specific Vegetable Types: A Narrative Review. Nutrients, 10(5), Article no.595. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10050595.
  • Deering, K., Callan, A., Prince, RL., Lim, WH., Thompson, PL., Lewis, J., Hinwood, A., Devine, A. (2018). Low-level cadmium exposure and cardiovascular outcomes in elderly Australian women: A cohort study. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 221(2), 347-354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.12.007.

Journal Articles

  • Zillikens, MC., Demissie, S., Hsu, YH., Yerges-Armstrong, LM., Chou, WC., Stolk, L., Livshits, G., Broer, L., Johnson, T., Koller, DL., Kutalik, Z., Luan, J., Malkin, I., Ried, JS., Smith, AV., Thorleifsson, G., Vandenput, L., Zhao, JH., Zhang, WH., Aghdassi, A., Akesson, K., Amin, N., Baier, LJ., Barroso, I., Bennett, DA., Bertram, L., Biffar, R., Bochud, M., Boehnke, M., Borecki, IB., Buchman, AS., Byberg, L., Campbell, H., Obanda, NC., Cauley, JA., Cawthon, PM., Cederberg, H., Chen, Z., Cho, NH., Choi, HJ., Claussnitzer, M., Collins, F., Cummings, SR., De Jager, PL., Demuth, I., Dhonukshe-Rutten, RA., Diatchenko, L., Eiriksdottir, G., Enneman, AW., Erdos, M., Eriksson, JG., Eriksson, J., Estrada, K., Evans, DS., Feitosa, MF., Fu, M., Garcia, M., Gieger, C., Girke, T., Glazer, NL., Grallert, H., Grewal, J., Han, BG., Hanson, RL., Hayward, C., Hofman, A., Hoffman, EP., Homuth, G., Hsueh, WC., Hubal, MJ., Hubbard, A., Huffman, KM., Husted, LB., Illig, T., Ingelsson, E., Ittermann, T., Jansson, JO., Jordan, JM., Jula, A., Karlsson, M., Khaw, KT., Kilpainen, TO., Klopp, N., Kloth, JS., Koistinen, HA., Kraus, WE., Kritchevsky, S., Kuulasmaa, T., Kuusisto, J., Laakso, M., Lahti, J., Lang, T., Langdahl, BL., Launer, LJ., Lee, JY., Lerch, MM., Lewis, J., Lind, L., Lindgren, C., Liu, YM., Liu, T., Liu, YF., Ljunggren, O., Lorentzon, M., Luben, RN., Maixner, W., McGuigan, FE., Medina-Gomez, C., Meitinger, T., Melhus, H., Mellstrom, D., Melov, S., Michaelsson, K., Mitchell, BD., Morris, AP., Mosekilde, L., Newman, A., Nielson, CM., O'Connell, JR., Oostra, BA., Orwoll, ES., Palotie, A., Parker, S., Peacock, M., Perola, M., Peters, A., Polasek, O., Prince, RL., Raikkonen, K., Ralston, SH., Ripatti, S., Robbins, JA., Rotter, JI., Rudan, I., Salomaa, V., Satterfield, S., Schadt, EE., Schipf, S., Scott, L., Sehmi, J., Shen, J., Shin, CS., Sigurdsson, G., Smith, S., Soranzo, N., Stancakova, A., Steinhagen-Thiessen, E., Streeten, EA., Styrkarsdottir, U., Swart, KM., Tan, ST., Tarnopolsky, MA., Thompson, P., Thomson, CA., Thorsteinsdottir, U., Tikkanen, E., Tranah, GJ., Tuomilehto, J., Van Schoor, NM., Verma, A., Vollenweider, P., Volzke, H., Wactawski-Wende, J., Walker, M., Weedon, MN., Welch, R., Wichman, HE., Widen, E., Williams, FM., Wilson, JF., Wright, NC., Xie, WJ., Yu, L., Zhou, YH., Chambers, JC., Doring, A., Van Duijn, CM., Econs, MJ., Gudnason, V., Kooner, JS., Psaty, BM., Spector, TD., Stefansson, K., Rivadeneira, F., Uitterlinden, AG., Wareham, NJ., Ossowski, V., Waterworth, D., Loos, RJ., Karasik, D., Harris, TB., Ohlsson, C., Kiel, DP. (2017). Large meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies five loci for lean body mass. Nature Communications, 8(1), article no. 80. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00031-7.
  • Bondonno, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Prince, R., Ivey, K., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Lundberg, J., Croft, K., Thompson, P., Hodgson, J. (2017). Association of vegetable nitrate intake with Carotid Atherosclerosis and Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease in older women. Stroke, 48(7), 1724-1729. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.016844.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Prince, R., Ward, N., Croft, K., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Shinde, S., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Bondonno, C. (2017). Development of a reference database for assessing dietary nitrate in vegetables. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 61(8), Article no. 1600982. https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.201600982.
  • Levinger, I., Brennan-Speranza, T., Zulli, A., Parker, L., Lin, X., Lewis, J., Yeap, B. (2017). Multifaceted interaction of bone, muscle, lifestyle interventions and metabolic and cardiovascular disease: role of osteocalcin. Osteoporosis International, 28(8), 2265-2273. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-017-3994-3.
  • Schousboe, J., Lewis, J., Kiel, D. (2017). Abdominal aortic calcification on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: Methods of assessment and clinical significance. Bone, 104(Nov), 91-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2017.01.025.
  • Touw, W., Ueland, T., Bollerslev, J., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Thompson, P., Kiel, D., Prince, R., Rivadeneira, F., Lewis, J. (2017). Association of Circulating Wnt Antagonists With Severe Abdominal Aortic Calcification in Elderly Women. Journal of the Endocrine Society, 1(1), 26-38. https://doi.org/10.1210/js.2016-1040.
  • Kim, S., Lewis, J., Baur, L., Macaskill, P., Craig, C. (2017). Obesity and hypertension in Australian young people: results from the Australian Health Survey 2011-2012. Internal Medicine Journal, 47(2), 162-169. https://doi.org/10.1111/imj.13298.
  • Lim, W., Wong, G., Lewis, J., Lok, C., Polkinghorne, K., Hodgson, J., Lim, E., Prince, R. (2017). Total volume and composition of fluid intake and mortality in older women: a cohort study. BMJ Open, 7(3), Article number e011720. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011720.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Lim, W., Wong, G., Zhu, K., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Prince, R. (2017). Vegetable and Fruit Intake and Fracture-Related Hospitalisations: A Prospective Study of Older Women. Nutrients, 9(5), Article number 511. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9050511.
  • Lewis, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Abbs, S., Zhu, K., Lim, E., Thompson, P., Prince, R. (2017). Association Between High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I and Cardiac Events in Elderly Women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(8), Article no. e004174. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.116.004174.
  • Muka, T., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Erler, N., Hofman, A., Franco, O., Rivadeneira, F., Kiefte-De Jong, J. (2017). Dietary fat composition, total body fat and regional body fat distribution in two Caucasian populations of middle-aged and older adult women. Clinical Nutrition, 36(5), 1411-1419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2016.09.018.
  • Bondonno, N., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Shivappa, N., Woodman, R., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Hebert, J., Thompson, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2017). Dietary inflammatory index in relation to sub-clinical atherosclerosis and atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality in older women. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 117(11), 1577-1586. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114517001520.
  • Wang, L., Khoo, B., Cheng, X., Brown, K., Lewis, J., Su, Y., Guo, Z., Li, K., Prince, R. (2017). Differences in femoral neck structure between elderly Caucasian and Chinese populations: a cross-sectional study of Perth-Beijing cohorts. Archives of Osteoporosis, 12(1), article no. 72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-017-0366-8.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Croft, K., Lim, W., Wong, G., Beilin, L., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2017). Association of dietary nitrate with atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality: a prospective cohort study of older adult women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 106(1), 207-216. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.116.146761.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Lim, W., Woodman, R., Beilin, L., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2017). Cruciferous and allium vegetable intakes are inversely associated with 15-year Atherosclerotic Vascular disease deaths in older adult women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(10), Article number e006558. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.117.006558.

Journal Articles

  • Hodgson, J., Prince, R., Woodman, R., Bondonno, C., Ivey, K., Bondonno, N., Rimm, E., Ward, N., Croft, K., Lewis, J. (2016). Apple intake is inversely associated with all-cause and disease-specific mortality in elderly women. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 115(5), 860-867. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515005231.
  • Wong, G., Staplin, N., Emberson, J., Baigent, C., Turner, R., Chalmers, J., Zoungas, S., Pollock, C., Cooper , B., Harris, D., Wang, JJ., Mitchell, P., Prince, R., Lim, WH., Lewis, J., Chapman, J., Craig, J. (2016). Chronic kidney disease and the risk of cancer: an individual patient data meta-analysis of 32,057 participants from six prospectivestudies. BMC Cancer, 16(1), Article no.488. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-016-2532-6.
  • Lewis, J., Schousboe, JT., Lim, W., Wong, G., Zhu, K., Lim, E., Wilson, K., Thompson, P., Kiel, D., Prince, R. (2016). Abdominal Aortic Calcification Identified on Lateral Spine Images from Bone Densitometers Are a Marker of Generalized Atherosclerosis in Elderly Women. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, 36(1), 166-173. https://doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.115.306383.
  • Khoo, B., Lewis, J., Brown, K., Prince, R. (2016). Evaluation of a simplified hip structure analysis method for the prediction of incident hip fracture events. Osteoporosis International, 27(1), 241-248. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-015-3282-z.
  • Lim, WH., Chapman, JR., Coates, PT., Lewis, J., Russ, GR., Watson, N., Holdsworth, R., Wong, G. (2016). HLA-DQ Mismatches and Rejection in Kidney Transplant Recipients. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 11(5), 875-883. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.11641115.
  • Bondonno, N., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Lim, W., Wong, G., Schousboe, J., Woodman, R., Kiel, D., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Croft, K., Hodgson, J. (2016). Fruit intake and abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: A prospective cohort study. Nutrients, 8(3), Article no. 159. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8030159.

Journal Articles

  • Zheng, H., Forgetta, V., Hsu, YH., Estrada, K., Rosello-Diez, A., Leo, PJ., Dahia, CL., Park-Min, KH., Tobias, JH., Kooperberg, C., Kleinman, A., Styrkarsdottir, U., Liu, C., Uggla, C., Evans, D., Nielson, CM., Walter, K., Pettersson-Kymmer, U., McCarthy, SE., Eriksson, JA., Kwan, T., Jhamai, M., Trajanoska, K., Memari, Y., Min, J., Huang, J., Danecek, P., Wilmot, B., Li, R., Chou, W., Mokry, LE., Moayyeri, A., Claussnitzer, M., Cheng, C., Cheung, W., Medina-Gomez, C., Ge, B., Chen, S., Choi, K., Oei, L., Fraser, J., Kraaij, R., Hibbs, MA., Gregson, CL., Paquette, D., Hofman, A., Wibom, C., Tranah, GJ., Marshall, M., Gardiner, BB., Cremin, K., Auer, P., Hsu, L., Ring, S., Tung, JY., Thorleifsson, G., Enneman, AW., Van Schoor, NM., De Groot, LC., Van Der Velde, N., Melin, B., Kemp, JP., Christiansen, C., Sayers, A., Zhou, Y., Calderari, S., Van Rooij, J., Carlson, C., Peters, U., Berlivet, S., Dostie, J., Uitterlinden, AG., Williams, SR., Farber, C., Grinberg, D., Lacroix, AZ., Haessler, J., Chasman, DI., Giulianini, F., Rose, LM., Ridker, PM., Eisman, JA., Nguyen, TV., Center, JR., Nogues, X., Garcia-Giralt, N., Launer, LL., Gudnason, V., Mellstrom, D., Vandenput, L., Amin, N., Van Duijn, CM., Karlsson, MK., Ljunggren, O., Svensson, O., Hallmans, G., Rousseau, F., Giroux, S., Bussiere, J., Arp, PP., Koromani, F., Prince, RL., Lewis, J., Langdahl, BL., Hermann, AP., Jensen, J., Kaptoge, S., Khaw, K., Reeve, J., Formosa, M., Xuereb-Anastasi, A., Akesson, K., McGuigan, FE., Garg, G., Olmos, JM., Zarrabeitia, MT., Riancho, JA., Ralston, SH., Alonso, N., Jiang, X., Goltzman, D., Pastinen, T., Grundberg, E., Gauguier, D., Orwoll, ES., Karasik, D., Davey-Smith, G., Aogc Consortium, AC., Smith, AV., Siggeirsdottir, K., Harris, TB., Zillikens, MC., Van Meurs, JB., Thorsteinsdottir, U., Maurano, MT., Timpson, NJ., Soranzo, N., Durbin, R., Wilson, SG., Ntzani, EE., Brown, MA., Stefansson, K., Hinds, DA., Spector, T., Cupples, LA., Ohlsson, C., Greenwood, CM., Uk 10k. Consortium, UK., Jackson, RD., Rowe, DW., Loomis, CA., Evans, DM., Ackert-Bicknell, CL., Joyner, AL., Duncan, EL., Kiel, DP., Rivadeneira, F., Richards, JB. (2015). Whole-genome sequencing identifies EN1 as a determinant of bone density and fracture. Nature, 526(7571), 112-117. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14878.
  • Lewis, J., Lim, W., Ueland, T., Wong, G., Zhu, K., Lim, EM., Bollerslev, J., Prince, RL. (2015). Elevated circulating osteoprotegerin and renal dysfunction predict 15-year cardiovascular and all-cause mortality: A prospective study of elderly women. PLoS One, 10(7), article no e0134266. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134266.
  • Lim, W., Wong, G., Lim, E., Byrnes, E., Zhu, K., Devine, A., Pavlos, N., Prince, R., Lewis, J. (2015). Circulating Lipocalin 2 Levels Predict Fracture-Related Hospitalizations in Elderly Women: A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 30(11), 2078-2085. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2546.
  • Chandler, P., Wang, L., Zhang, X., Sesso, HD., Moorthy, MV., Obi, O., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Danik, JS., Manson, JE., Leboff, MS., Song, Y. (2015). Effect of vitamin D supplementation alone or with calcium on adiposity measures: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutrition Reviews, 73(9), 577-593. https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuv012.
  • Ooi, E., Adams, L., Zhu, K., Lewis, J., Kerr, D., Meng, X., Solah, V., Devine, A., Binns, C., Prince, R. (2015). Consumption of a whey protein-enriched diet may prevent hepatic steatosis associated with weight gain in elderly women. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 25(4), 388-395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2014.11.005.
  • Suthers, E., Rosenstengel, A., Hart, J., Lewis, J., Kay, I., Waterer, G., Lee, YG., Brims, F. (2015). Pleural empyema caused by Klebsiella oxytoca: A case series. Respirology, 20(3), 507-509. https://doi.org/10.1111/resp.12476.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., Lim, W., Zhu, K., Devine, A., Thompson, P., Lewis, J. (2015). Dietary saturated fat intake and atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality in elderly women: a prospective cohort study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 101(6), 1263-1268. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.102392.
  • Wong, G., Lim, WH., Lewis, J., Craig, JC., Turner, R., Zhu, K., Lim, EM., Prince, R. (2015). Vitamin D and cancer mortality in elderly women. BMC Cancer, 15(1), article no.106. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-015-1112-5.
  • Ivey, K., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Lewis, J., Prince, R. (2015). Flavonoid intake and all-cause mortality. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 101(5), 1012-1020. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.073106.
  • Lim, WH., Lewis, J., Wong, G., Teo, R., Lim, EM., Byrnes, E., Prince, RL. (2015). Plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and kidney function decline and kidney disease-related clinical events in older women. American Journal of Nephrology, 41(2), 156-164. https://doi.org/10.1159/000380831.
  • Myers, G., Prince, RL., Kerr, DA., Devine, A., Woodman, RJ., Lewis, J., Hodgson, JM. (2015). Tea and flavonoid intake predict osteoporotic fracture risk in elderly Australian women: A prospective study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 102(4), 958-965. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.109892.

Journal Articles

  • Lewis, J., Radavelli-Bagatini, S., Rejnmark, L., Chen, JS., Simpson, JM., Lappe, JM., Mosekilde, L., Prentice, RL., Prince, RL. (2014). The effects of calcium supplementation on verified coronary heart disease hospitalization and death in postmenopausal women: A collaborative meta-Analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 30(1), 165-175. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2311.
  • Oei, L., Hsu, YH., Styrkarsdottir, U., Eussen, BH., De Klein, A., Peters, MJ., Halldorsson, B., Liu, CT., Alonso, N., Kaptoge, SK., Thorleifsson, G., Hallmans, G., Hocking, LJ., Husted, LB., Jameson, KA., Kruk, M., Lewis, J., Patel, MS., Scollen, S., Svensson, O., Trompet, S., Van Schoor, NM., Zhu, K., Buckley, BM., Cooper, C., Ford, I., Goltzman, D., Gonzalez-Macias, J., Langdahl, BL., Leslie, WD., Lips, P., Lorenc, RS., Olmos, JM., Pettersson-Kymmer, U., Reid, DM., Riancho, JA., Slagboom, PE., Garcia-Ibarbia, C., Ingvarsson, T., Johannsdottir, H., Luben, R., Medina-Gomez, C., Arp, P., Nandakumar, K., Palsson, ST., Sigurdsson, G., Van Meurs, JB., Zhou, Y., Hofman, A., Jukema, JW., Pols, HA., Prince, RL., Cupples, LA., Marshall, CR., Pinto, D., Sato, D., Scherer, SW., Reeve, J., Thorsteinsdottir, U., Karasik, D., Richards, JB., Stefansson, K., Uitterlinden, AG., Ralston, SH., Ioannidis, JP., Kiel, DP., Rivadeneira, F., Estrada, K. (2014). A genome-wide copy number association study of osteoporotic fractures points to the 6p25.1 locus. Journal of Medical Genetics, 51(2), 122-131. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2013-102064.
  • Lewis, J., Zhu, K., Thompson, PL., Prince, RL. (2014). The effects of 3 years of calcium supplementation on common carotid artery intimal medial thickness and carotid atherosclerosis in older women: An ancillary study of the CAIFOS randomized controlled trial. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 29(3), 534-541. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2117.
  • Ivey, K., Hodgson, J., Kerr, D., Lewis, J., Thompson, P., Prince, R. (2014). The effects of probiotic bacteria on glycaemic control in overweight men and women: a randomised controlled trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 68(4), 447-452. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2013.294.
  • Lewis, J., Lim, WH., Zhu, K., Wong, G., Dhaliwal, SS., Lim, EM., Ueland, T., Bollerslev, J., Prince, RL. (2014). Elevated Osteoprotegerin Predicts Declining Renal Function in Elderly Women: A 10-Year Prospective Cohort Study. American Journal of Nephrology, 39(1), 66-74. https://doi.org/10.1159/000357787.
  • Lim, W., Lewis, J., Wong, G., Turner, R., Lim, E., Thompson, P., Prince, R. (2014). Comparison of estimated glomerular filtration rate by the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (ckd-epi) equations with and without cystatin c for predicting clinical outcomes in elderly women. PLoS One, 9(9), article no. e106734. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106734.
  • Radavelli-Bagatini, S., Zhu, K., Lewis, J., Prince, R. (2014). Dairy food intake, peripheral bone structure, and muscle mass in elderly ambulatory women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 29(7), 1691-1700. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2181.
  • Oei, L., Estrada, K., Duncan, EL., Christiansen, C., Liu, CT., Langdahl, BL., Obermayer-Pietsch, B., Riancho, JA., Prince, RL., Van Schoor, NM., McCloskey, E., Hsu, YH., Evangelou, E., Ntzani, E., Evans, DM., Alonso, N., Husted, LB., Valero, C., Hernandez, JL., Lewis, J., Kaptoge, SK., Zhu, K., Cupples, LA., Medina-Gomez, C., Vandenput, L., Kim, GS., Lee, SH., Castano-Betancourt, MC., Oei, EH., Martinez, J., Daroszewska, A., Van Der Klift, M., Mellstrom, D., Herrera, L., Karlsson, MK., Hofman, A., Ljunggren, O., Pols, HA., Stolk, L., Van Meurs, JB., Ioannidis, JP., Zillikens, MC., Lips, P., Karasik, D., Uitterlinden, AG., Styrkarsdottir, U., Brown, MA., Koh, JM., Richards, JB., Reeve, J., Ohlsson, C., Ralston, SH., Kiel, DP., Rivadeneira, F. (2014). Genome-wide association study for radiographic vertebral fractures: A potential role for the 16q24 BMD locus. Bone, 59(1), 20-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2013.10.015.
  • Lewis, J., Barre, D., Zhu, K., Ivey, K., Lim, EE., Hughes, J., Prince, R. (2014). Long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy and falls and fractures in elderly women: A prospective cohort study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 29(11), 2489-2497. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2279.
  • Moayyeri, A., Hsu, Y., Karasik, D., Estrada, K., Xiao, S., Nielson, C., Srikanth, P., Giroux, S., Wilson, S., Zheng, H., Smith, AV., Pye, SR., Leo, PJ., Teumer, A., Hwang, JY., Ohlsson, C., McGuigan, F., Minster, RL., Hayward, C., Olmos, JM., Lyytikainen, LP., Lewis, J., Swart, KM., Masi, L., Oldmeadow, C., Holliday, EG., Cheng, S., Van Schoor, NM., Harvey, NC., Kruk, M., Del Greco, MF., Igl, W., Trummer, O., Grigoriou, E., Luben, R., Liu, CT., Zhou, Y., Oei, L., Medina-Gomez, C., Zmuda, J., Tranah, G., Brown, SJ., Williams, FM., Soranzo, N., Jakobsdottir, J., Siggeirsdottir, K., Holliday, KL., Hannemann, A., Go, MJ., Garcia, M., Polasek, O., Laaksonen, M., Zhu, K., Enneman, AW., McEvoy, M., Peel, R., Sham, PC., Jaworski, M., Johansson, A., Hicks, AA., Pludowski, P., Scott, R., Dhonukshe-Rutten, RA., Van Der Velde, N., Kahonen, M., Viikari, JS., Sievanen, H., Raitakari, OT., Gonzalez-Macias, J., Hernandez, JL., Mellstrom, D., Ljunggren, O., Cho, YS., Volker, U., Nauck, M., Homuth, G., Volzke, H., Haring, R., Brown, MA., McCloskey, E., Nicholson, GC., Eastell, R., Eisman, JA., Jones, G., Reid, IR., Dennison, EM., Wark, J., Boonen, S., Vanderschueren, D., Wu, FC., Aspelund, T., Richards, JB., Bauer, D., Hofman, A., Khaw, KT., Dedoussis, G., Obermayer-Pietsch, B., Gyllensten, U., Pramstaller, PP., Lorenc, RS., Cooper, C., Kung, AW., Lips, P., Alen, M., Attia, J., Brandi, ML., De Groot, LC., Lehtimaki, T., Riancho, JA., Campbell, H., Liu, Y., Harris, TB., Akesson, K., Karlsson, M., Lee, JY., Wallaschofski, H., Duncan, EL., O'Neill, TW., Gudnason, V., Spector, TD., Rousseau, F., Orwoll, E., Cummings, SR., Wareham, NJ., Rivadeneira, F., Uitterlinden, AG., Prince, RL., Kiel, DP., Reeve, J., Kaptoge, SK. (2014). Genetic determinants of heel bone properties: genome-wide association meta-analysis and replication in the GEFOS/GENOMOS consortium. Human Molecular Genetics, 23(11), 3054-3068. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddt675.

Journal Articles

  • Lim, WH., Lewis, J., Wong, G., Dogra, GK., Zhu, K., Lim, EM., Dhaliwal, SS., Prince, RL. (2013). Five-year decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate associated with a higher risk of renal disease and atherosclerotic vascular disease clinical events in elderly women. QJM: an international journal of medicine, 106(5), 443-450. https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hct043.
  • Ivey, K., Lewis, J., Lim, W., Lim, E., Hodgson, J., Prince, R. (2013). Associations of Proanthocyanidin Intake with Renal Function and Clinical Outcomes in Elderly Women. PLoS One, 8(8), Article No. e7166. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0071166.
  • Lewis, J., Dhaliwal, S., Zhu, K., Prince, R. (2013). A predictive model for knee joint replacement in older women. PLoS One, 8(12), article no. e83665. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083665.
  • Radavelli-Bagatini, S., Zhu, K., Lewis, J., Dhaliwal, SS., Prince, RL. (2013). Association of Dairy Intake with Body Composition and Physical Function in Older Community-Dwelling Women. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(12), 1669-1674. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.019.
  • Lewis, J., McNab, T., Liew, LJ., Tan, J., Hudson, P., Wang, JZ., Prince, RL. (2013). DNA methylation within the I.4 promoter region correlates with CYPI19A1 gene expression in human ex vivo mature omental and subcutaneous adipocytes. BMC Medical Genetics, 14(1), article no. 87. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2350-14-87.
  • Ivey, K., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2013). Tea and non-tea flavonol intakes in relation to atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality in older women. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 110(9), 1648-1655. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114513000780.

Journal Articles

  • Estrada, K., Styrkarsdottir, U., Evangelou, E., Hsu, YH., Duncan, EL., Ntzani, EE., Oei, L., Albagha, OM., Amin, N., Kemp, JP., Koller, DL., Li, G., Liu, CT., Minster, RL., Moayyeri, A., Vandenput, L., Willner, D., Xiao, SM., Yerges-Armstrong, LM., Zheng, HF., Alonso, N., Eriksson, J., Kammerer, CM., Kaptoge, SK., Leo, PJ., Thorleifsson, G., Wilson, SG., Wilson, JF., Aalto, V., Alen, M., Aragaki, AK., Aspelund, T., Center, JR., Dailiana, Z., Duggan, DJ., Garcia, M., Garcia-Giralt, N., Giroux, S., Hallmans, G., Hocking, LJ., Husted, LB., Jameson, KA., Khusainova, R., Kim, GS., Kooperberg, C., Koromila, T., Kruk, M., Laaksonen, M., Lacroix, AZ., Lee, SH., Leung, PC., Lewis, J., Masi, L., Mencej-Bedrac, S., Nguyen, TV., Nogues, X., Patel, MS., Prezelj, J., Rose, LM., Scollen, S., Siggeirsdottir, K., Smith, AV., Svensson, O., Trompet, S., Trummer, O., Van Schoor, NM., Woo, J., Zhu, K., Balcells, S., Brandi, ML., Buckley, BM., Cheng, S., Christiansen, C., Cooper, C., Dedoussis, G., Ford, I., Frost, M., Goltzman, D., Gonzalez-Macias, J., Kahonen, M., Karlsson, M., Khusnutdinova, E., Koh, JM., Kollia, P., Langdahl, BL., Leslie, WD., Lips, P., Ljunggren, O., Lorenc, RS., Marc, J., Mellstrom, D., Obermayer-Pietsch, B., Olmos, JM., Pettersson-Kymmer, U., Reid, DM., Riancho, JA., Ridker, PM., Rousseau, F., Slagboom, PE., Tang, NL., Urreizti, R., Van Hul, W., Viikari, J., Zarrabeitia, MT., Aulchenko, YS., Castano-Betancourt, M., Grundberg, E., Herrera, L., Ingvarsson, T., Johannsdottir, H., Kwan, T., Li, R., Luben, R., Medina-Gomez, C., Palsson, ST., Reppe, S., Rotter, JI., Sigurdsson, G., Van Meurs, JB., Verlaan, D., Williams, FM., Wood, AR., Zhou, Y., Gautvik, KM., Pastinen, T., Raychaudhuri, S., Cauley, JA., Chasman, DI., Clark, GR., Cummings, SR., Danoy, P., Dennison, EM., Eastell, R., Eisman, JA., Gudnason, V., Hofman, A., Jackson, RD., Jones, G., Jukema, JW., Khaw, KT., Lehtimaki, T., Liu, Y., Lorentzon, M., McCloskey, E., Mitchell, BD., Nandakumar, K., Nicholson, GC., Oostra, BA., Peacock, M., Pols, HA., Prince, RL., Raitakari, O., Reid, IR., Robbins, J., Sambrook, PN., Sham, PC., Shuldiner, AR., Tylavsky, FA., Van Duijn, CM., Wareham, NJ., Cupples, LA., Econs, MJ., Evans, DM., Harris, TB., Kung, AW., Psaty, BM., Reeve, J., Spector, TD., Streeten, EA., Zillikens, MC., Thorsteinsdottir, U., Ohlsson, C., Karasik, D., Richards, JB., Brown, MA., Stefansson, K., Uitterlinden, AG., Ralston, SH., Ioannidis, JP., Kiel, DP., Rivadeneira, F. (2012). Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 56 bone mineral density loci and reveals 14 loci associated with risk of fracture. Nature Genetics, 44(5), 491-501. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.2249.
  • Liu, CT., Estrada, K., Yerges-Armstrong, LM., Amin, N., Evangelou, E., Li, G., Minster, RL., Carless, MA., Kammerer, CM., Oei, L., Zhou, Y., Alonso, N., Dailiana, Z., Eriksson, J., Garcia-Giralt, N., Giroux, S., Husted, LB., Khusainova, RI., Koromila, T., Kung, AW., Lewis, J., Masi, L., Mencej-Bedrac, S., Nogues, X., Patel, MS., Prezelj, J., Richards, JB., Sham, PC., Spector, T., Vandenput, L., Xiao, SM., Zheng, HF., Zhu, K., Balcells, S., Brandi, ML., Frost, M., Goltzman, D., Gonzalez-Macias, J., Karlsson, M., Khusnutdinova, EK., Kollia, P., Langdahl, BL., Ljunggren, O., Lorentzon, M., Marc, J., Mellstrom, D., Ohlsson, C., Olmos, JM., Ralston, SH., Riancho, JA., Rousseau, F., Urreizti, R., Van Hul, W., Zarrabeitia, MT., Castano-Betancourt, M., Demissie, S., Grundberg, E., Herrera, L., Kwan, T., Medina-Gomez, C., Pastinen, T., Sigurdsson, G., Thorleifsson, G., Vanmeurs, JB., Blangero, J., Hofman, A., Liu, Y., Mitchell, BD., O'Connell, JR., Oostra, BA., Rotter, JI., Stefansson, K., Streeten, EA., Styrkarsdottir, U., Thorsteinsdottir, U., Tylavsky, FA., Uitterlinden, A., Cauley, JA., Harris, TB., Ioannidis, JP., Psaty, BM., Robbins, JA., Zillikens, MC., Vanduijn, CM., Prince, RL., Karasik, D., Rivadeneira, F., Kiel, DP., Cupples, LA., Hsu, YH. (2012). Assessment of gene-by-sex interaction effect on bone mineral density. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 27(10), 2051-2064. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.1679.
  • Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Lewis, J., Kerr, D., Meng, X., Solah, V., Devine, A., Binns, C., Woodman, R., Prince, R. (2012). Long-term effects of a protein-enriched diet on blood pressure in older women. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 107(11), 1664-1672. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511004740.
  • Lewis, J., Lim, W., Dhaliwal, SS., Zhu, K., Lim, EM., Thompson, PL., Prince, RL. (2012). Estimated glomerular filtration rate as an independent predictor of atherosclerotic vascular disease in older women. BMC Nephrology, 13(1), article no. 58. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2369-13-58.
  • Lewis, J., Zhu, K., Prince, RL. (2012). Adverse events from calcium supplementation: Relationship to errors in myocardial infarction self-reporting in randomized controlled trials of calcium supplementation. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 27(3), 719-722. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.1484.

Journal Articles

  • Ivey, K., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Dhaliwal, S., Thompson, P., Prince, R. (2011). Association between yogurt, milk, and cheese consumption and common carotid artery intima-media thickness and cardiovascular disease risk factors in elderly women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 94(1), 234-239. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.014159.
  • Zhu, K., Devine, A., Lewis, J., Dhaliwal, SS., Prince, RL. (2011). "Timed up and go" Test and Bone Mineral Density Measurement for Fracture Prediction. Archives of Internal Medicine, 171(18), 1655-1661. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2011.434.

Research Projects

  • Automated methods for evaluating structural vascular disease, National Health and Medical Research Council, Ideas grants, 2020 ‑ 2024, $652,128.
  • Developing a novel approach to improve diet and lifestyle, National Health and Medical Research Council, MRFF Preventive and Public Health, 2020 ‑ 2023, $309,660.
  • Predicting falls in the elderly: A novel machine learning approach. , Edith Cowan University, Australia-Germany JRC Scheme (UA-DAAD), 2021 ‑ 2023, $24,250.
  • Developing & evaluating a novel tool for primary prevention of clinical cardiovascular disease, National Heart Foundation, NHF - Future Leader Fellowships, 2020 ‑ 2023, $1,166,638.
  • A change of heart: developing a novel tool to alter the course of cardiovascular disease, Department of Health WA, Near Miss Merit Awards, 2020 ‑ 2022, $95,000.
  • Bone tired: Better understanding of vascular-bone ageing, Rebecca L Cooper Medical Research Foundation Ltd, Grant, 2019 ‑ 2022, $100,000.
  • Development of low-cost, very low radiation community-based screening method for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease, National Health and Medical Research Council, Career Development Fellowship, 2017 ‑ 2020, $242,438.

Research Student Supervision

Principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Cardiovascular causes of falls and fracture: Exploring the nature of the nexus
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Impact of knowledge of advanced vascular disease on cardiovascular risk perception, emotional functioning, behavior and quality of life in men and women aged 50 to 80 years in Australia
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Modification of diet, exercise and lifestyle: The model study

Associate Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Does the composition and dietary intake of fruits, vegetables and other plant foods alter the human gut microbiome and how does this affect mental health performance in relation to the gut-brain axis?
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Vegetable components in relation to vascular and metabolic health: Are some types of vegetables more beneficial for cardiometabolic health?

Adjunct Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Dietary S-methyl cysteine sulfoxide and human health: Mechanisms of action and cardiometabolic effects.

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy: Cardiovascular health benefits of vegetables and their components
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