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Professor Janet Taylor

Professor of Human Neurophysiology

Contact Information Telephone: +61 8 6304 3603, Mobile: 0490412651, Email:, Campus: Joondalup, Room: JO19.388
Staff Member Details
Telephone: +61 8 6304 3603
Mobile: 0490412651
Campus: Joondalup  
Room: JO19.388  


In addition to her position at ECU, Janet Taylor currently holds an appointment as Honorary Principal Research Scientist at Neuroscience Research Australia and a conjoint appointment at the University of New South Wales. She is one of four Chief Investigators on the NHMRC Program grant, Motor Impairment. Studies in this program seek to understand the control of movement in health and the mechanisms of impairment, to identify potential interventions to improve movement and to test whether such interventions are effective.


Janet Taylor has been involved in full-time research for over 25 years and has been awarded over $13 M in peer-reviewed funding over this period. Over her career she has over 160 peer-reviewed publications with over 6800 citations (Scopus). She has recently moved to ECU from a position as a Principal Research Scientist at Neuroscience Research Australia. Her field of research is the control of movement in people. This includes the reflex and voluntary control of muscle contractions, as well as the sense of proprioception, which allows perception of limb movements and muscle forces. Her studies mostly involve neurophysiological or psychophysical experiments on human volunteers, and she commonly employ techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, corticospinal tract stimulation and peripheral nerve stimulation to evoke responses from the muscles. She is well known for her work describing the contribution of the nervous system to muscle fatigue.

Research Areas and Interests

Three main strands continue through her past and current research, and ongoing collaborations.

  1. The role of the central nervous system during muscle fatigue.
  2. Plastic changes in the motor pathway with artificial stimulation or voluntary activity.
  3. Perception of body movements and muscle forces.


  • Doctor of Medicine in Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of New South Wales, 1991.
  • Master of Biomedical Engineering, The University of New South Wales, 1989.
  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of surgery, The University of New South Wales, 1982.


Recent Research Grants

  • A novel method to prime the spinal cord for motor rehabilitation ,  Perron Institute for Neurological and Translational Science,  Neurotrauma Research Program,  2020 - 2021,  $84,835.
  • Medical and Health Research Infrastructure Fund 2018 (Round 22),  Department of Health WA,  Medical and Health Research Infrastructure,  2019 - 2020,  $71,480.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)

Book Chapters

  • Walsh, LD., Taylor, J., Gandevia, SC., (2014), Proprioceptive mechanisms and the human hand. The Human Hand as an Inspiration for Robot Hand Development, 95(24), 123-141, United States, Springer, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03017-3_6.

Journal Articles

  • Dongés, S., Boswell-Ruys, C., Butler, J., Taylor, J., (2019), The effect of paired corticospinal-motoneuronal stimulation on maximal voluntary elbow flexion in cervical spinal cord injury: an experimental study. Spinal Cord, 57(9), 796-804, DOI: 10.1038/s41393-019-0291-3.
  • Luu, B., McBain, R., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., Butler, J., (2019), Reflex response to airway occlusion in human inspiratory muscles when recruited for breathing and posture. Journal of Applied Physiology, 126(1), 132-140, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00841.2018.
  • Dongés, S., Taylor, J., Nuzzo, J., (2019), Elbow angle modulates corticospinal excitability to the resting biceps brachii at both spinal and supraspinal levels. Experimental Physiology, 104(4), 546-555, United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., DOI: 10.1113/EP087472.
  • Latella, C., Victora Ruas, C., Mesquita, R., Nosaka, K., Taylor, J., (2019), Test-retest reliability of elbow flexor contraction characteristics with tensiomyography for different elbow joint angles. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 45, , 26-32, United Kingdom, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2019.02.002.
  • Brooks, J., Seizova-Cajic, T., Taylor, J., (2019), Biases in tactile localization by pointing: compression for weak stimuli and centering for distributions of stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology, 121(3), 764-772, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00189.2018.
  • Kavanagh , J., McFarland, A., Taylor, J., (2019), Enhanced availability of serotonin increases activation of unfatigued muscle but exacerbates central fatigue during prolonged sustained contractions. The Journal of Physiology, 597(1), 319-332, DOI: 10.1113/JP277148.
  • Nuzzo, J., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2019), CORP: Measurement of upper and lower limb muscle strength and voluntary activation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 126(3), 513-543, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00569.2018.
  • Jones, M., Nuzzo, J., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2019), Aerobic Exercise Reduces Pressure More Than Heat Pain Sensitivity in Healthy Adults. Pain Medicine, 20(8), 1534-1546, DOI: 10.1093/pm/pny289.
  • O'Bryan, S., Billaut, F., Taylor, J., Rouffet, DM., (2018), Knee extensor fatigue developed during high-intensity exercise limits lower-limb power production. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(9), 1030-1037, London, United Kingdom, Routledge, DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1349922.
  • Donges, S., D'amico, J., Butler, J., Taylor, J., (2018), Involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in plasticity induced by paired corticospinal-motoneuronal stimulation in humans. Journal of Neurophysiology, 119(2), 652-661, United States, American Physiological Society, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00457.2017.
  • D'amico, J., Donges, S., Taylor, J., (2018), Paired corticospinal-motoneuronal stimulation increases maximal voluntary activation of human adductor pollicis. Journal of Neurophysiology, 119(1), 369-376, United States, American Physiological Society, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00919.2016.
  • Nuzzo, J., Barry, B., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2018), Effects of acute isometric resistance exercise on cervicomedullary motor evoked potentials. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 28(5), 1514-1522, Denmark, Wiley-Blackwell Munksgaard, DOI: 10.1111/sms.13053.
  • Finn, H., Rouffet, D., Kennedy, D., Green, S., Taylor, J., (2018), Motoneuron excitability of the quadriceps decreases during a fatiguing submaximal isometric contraction. Journal of Applied Physiology, 124(4), 970-979, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00739.2017.
  • Bech, K., Larsen, C., Sjogaard, G., Holtermann, A., Taylor, J., Sogaard, K., (2017), Voluntary activation of the trapezius muscle in cases with neck/shoulder pain compared to healthy controls. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 36(Oct 2017), 56-64, London, United Kingdom, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2017.07.006.
  • Jones, M., Valenzuela, T., Booth, J., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2017), Explicit education about exercise-induced hypoalgesia influences pain responses to acute exercise in healthy adults: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Pain, 18(11), 1409-1416, Philadelphia, USA, Churchill Livingstone, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2017.07.006.
  • Nuzzo, J., Barry, B., Jones, M., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2017), Effects of four weeks of strength training on the Corticomotoneuronal pathway. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(11), 2286-2296, Philadelphia, USA, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001367.
  • Donges, S., Bai, S., Taylor, J., (2017), Concurrent electrical cervicomedullary stimulation and cervical transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation results in a stimulus interaction. Experimental Physiology, 102(10), 1309-1320, West Sussex, United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., DOI: 10.1113/EP086360.
  • Heroux, M., Loo, C., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2017), Questionable science and reproducibility in electrical brain stimulation research. PLoS One, 12(4), Article number e0175635, San Francisco, USA, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175635.
  • Carroll, T., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2017), Recovery of central and peripheral neuromuscular fatigue after exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 122(5), 1068-1076, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00775.2016.
  • D'amico, J., Butler, A., Heroux, M., Cotel, F., Perrier, J., Butler, J., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2017), Human motoneurone excitability is depressed by activation of serotonin 1A receptors with buspirone. The Journal of Physiology, 595(5), 1763-1773, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, DOI: 10.1113/JP273200.
  • Taylor, M., Taylor, J., Seizova-Cajic, T., (2017), Muscle vibration-induced illusions: Review of contributing factors, Taxonomy of illusions and user's guide. Multisensory Research, 30(1), 25-63, Leiden, Netherlands, Brill Academic Publishers, DOI: 10.1163/22134808-00002544.
  • Donges, S., D'amico, J., Butler, J., Taylor, J., (2017), The effects of cervical transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation on motor pathways supplying the upper limb in humans. PLoS One, 12(2), e0172333, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0172333.
  • Jones, M., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2017), Occlusion of blood flow attenuates exercise-induced hypoalgesia in the occluded limb of healthy adults. Journal of Applied Physiology, 122(5), 1284-1291, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01004.2016.
  • McBain, R., Taylor, J., Gorman, R., Gandevia, S., Butler, J., (2016), Human intersegmental reflexes from intercostal afferents to scalene muscles. Experimental Physiology, 101(10), 1301-1308, United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., DOI: 10.1113/EP085907.
  • Kennedy, D., McNeil, C., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Effects of fatigue on corticospinal excitability of the human knee extensors. Experimental Physiology, 101(12), 1552-1564, United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., DOI: 10.1113/EP085753.
  • Nuzzo, J., Trajano, G., Barry, B., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Arm posture-dependent changes in corticospinal excitability are largely spinal in origin. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115(4), 2076-2082, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00885.2015.
  • Nuzzo, J., Barry, B., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Acute Strength Training Increases Responses to Stimulation of Corticospinal Axons. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(1), 139-150, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000733.
  • Jones, M., Booth, J., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2016), Limited Association Between Aerobic Fitness and Pain in Healthy Individuals: A Cross-Sectional Study. Pain Medicine, 17(10), 1799-1808, American Academy of Pain Medicine, DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnv084.
  • Khan, S., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2016), Unexpected factors affecting the excitability of human motorneurones in voluntary and stimulated contractions. The Journal of Physiology, 594(10), 2707-2717, Blackwell, DOI: 10.1113/JP272164.
  • Nguyen, E., Taylor, J., Brooks, J., Seizova-Cajic, T., (2016), Velocity of motion across the skin influences perception of tactile location. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115(2), 674-684, American Physiological Society, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00707.2015.
  • Luu, B., Smith, J., Martin, P., McBain, R., Taylor, J., Butler, J., (2016), Feedforward consequences of isometric contractions: effort and ventilation. Physiological Reports, 4(15), Article number e12882, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, DOI: 10.14814/phy2.12882.
  • Ho, K., Taylor, J., Chew, T., Galvez, V., Alonzo, A., Bai, S., Dokos, S., Loo, C., (2016), The Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Electrode Size and Current Intensity on Motor Cortical Excitability: Evidence From Single and Repeated Sessions. Brain Stimulation, 9(1), 1-7, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2015.08.003.
  • Jones, M., Taylor, J., Booth, J., Barry, B., (2016), Exploring the mechanisms of exercise-induced hypoalgesia using somatosensory and laser evoked potentials. Frontiers in Physiology, 7(NOV), Article number 581, Frontiers Research Foundation, DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2016.00581.
  • Heroux, M., Butler, A., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., Butler, J., (2016), Time course of human motoneuron recovery after sustained low-level voluntary activity. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115(2), 803-812, United States, American Physiological Society, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00950.2015.
  • Hunter, S., McNeil, C., Butler, J., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Short‑interval cortical inhibition and intracortical facilitation during submaximal voluntary contractions changes with fatigue. Experimental Brain Research, 234(9), 2541-2551, Springer Verlag, DOI: 10.1007/s00221-016-4658-9.
  • Nuzzo, J., Barry, B., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Stability of biceps brachii MMax with one session of strength training. Muscle and Nerve, 54(4), 791-793, United States, John Wiley & Sons Inc, DOI: 10.1002/mus.25217.
  • Taylor, J., Amann, M., Duchateau, J., Meeusen, R., Rice, C., (2016), Neural contributions to muscle fatigue: From the brain to the muscle and back again. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(11), 2294-2306, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000923.
  • Todd, G., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2016), Measurement of voluntary activation based on transcranial magnetic stimulation over the motor cortex. Journal of Applied Physiology, 121(3), 678-686, Bethesda, USA, American Physiological Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00293.2016.
  • Fitzpatrick, S., Luu, B., Butler, J., Taylor, J., (2016), More conditioning stimuli enhance synaptic plasticity in the human spinal cord. Clinical Neurophysiology, 127(1), 724-731, Ireland, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2015.03.013.
  • Luu, B., Saboisky, J., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., Butler, J., (2015), TMS-evoked silent periods in scalene and parasternal intercostal muscles during voluntary breathing. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, 216(Sept 5), 15-22, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.resp.2015.05.010.
  • Butler, A., Lord, S., Taylor, J., Fitzpatrick, R., (2015), Ability Versus Hazard: Risk-Taking and Falls in Older People. Journals of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 70(5), 628-634, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glu201.
  • Heroux, M., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2015), The Use and Abuse of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Modulate Corticospinal Excitability in Humans. PLoS One, 10(12), e0144151, United States, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0144151.
  • Clark, B., Taylor, J., Lee Hong, S., Law, T., Russ, D., (2015), Weaker Seniors Exhibit Motor Cortex Hypoexcitability and Impairments in Voluntary Activation. Journal of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 70(9), 1112-1119, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glv030.
  • Kennedy, D., Fitzpatrick, S., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2015), Fatigue-related firing of muscle nociceptors reduces voluntary activation of ipsilateral but not contralateral lower limb muscles. Journal of Applied Physiology, 118(4), 408-418, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00375.2014.
  • Ho, K., Taylor, J., Loo, C., (2015), Comparison of the effects of transcranial random noise stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation on motor cortical excitability. The Journal of Electroconvulsive Therapy, 31(1), 67-72, United States, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, DOI: 10.1097/YCT.0000000000000155.
  • Todd, G., Haberfield, M., Faulkner, P., Rae, C., Hayes, M., Wilcox, R., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., Godau, J., Berg, D., Piguet, O., Double, K., (2014), Hand function is impaired in healthy older adults at risk of Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Neural Transmission, 121(11), 1377-1386, Springer-Verlag, DOI: 10.1007/s00702-014-1218-y.
  • Seizova-Cajic, T., Taylor, J., (2014), Somatosensory Space Abridged: Rapid Change in Tactile Localization Using a Motion Stimulus. PLoS One, 9(3), article no. e90892, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090892.
  • Player, M., Taylor, J., Weickert, C., Alonzo, A., Sachdev, P., Martin, D., Mitchell, P., Loo, C., (2014), Increase in PAS-induced neuroplasticity after a treatment course of transcranial direct current stimulation for depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 167(1 Oct 2014), 140-147, Netherlands, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2014.05.063.
  • Bowden, J., Taylor, J., McNulty, P., (2014), Voluntary activation is reduced in both the more- and less- affected limbs after unilateral stroke. Frontiers in Neurology, 5(Nov 2014), Article no. 239, Frontiers Research Foundation, DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2014.00239.
  • Vangsgaard, S., Norgaard, L., Madeleine, P., Taylor, J., (2014), Crossed responses found in human trapezius muscles are not H-reflexes. Muscle and Nerve, 49(3), 362-369, United States, John Wiley & Sons Inc, DOI: 10.1002/mus.23914.
  • Vangsgaard, S., Taylor, J., Hansen, E., Madeleine, P., (2014), Changes in H reflex and neuromechanical properties of the trapezius muscle after 5 weeks of eccentric training: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(12), 1623-1631, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00164.2014.
  • Kennedy, D., McNeil, C., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2014), Fatigue-related firing of distal muscle nociceptors reduces voluntary activation of proximal muscles of the same limb. Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(4), 385-394, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01166.2013.
  • Perez, M., Butler, J., Taylor, J., (2014), Modulation of transcallosal inhibition by bilateral activation of agonist and antagonist proximal arm muscles. Journal of Neurophysiology, 111(2), 405-414, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00322.2013.
  • Jones, M., Booth, J., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2014), Aerobic Training Increases Pain Tolerance in Healthy Individuals. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(8), 1640-1647, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000273.

Research Student Supervision

Principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy: Contribution of Cutaneous Input To Limb Representations Underlying Conscious Perception and Action
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Control of Human Motoneurones During Voluntary Contraction and Fatigue
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Effects of Muscle Afferent Firing on Voluntary Activation of Human Muscles
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Novel Techniques to Improve Motor Function Through Induction of Synaptic Plasticity in the Human Spinal Cord
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Activity-dependent Changes in Control of Human Motoneurones
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Effects of Strength Training on the Human Corticospinal Pathway At A Spinal Level

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy: Supraspinal Limits to Human Muscle Performance
  • Master by Research: The Influence of Training Intensity on the Analgesic Effects of Exercise
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Exploring the Mechanisms of Exercised-Induced Hypoalgesia Using Evoked Potentials
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Age, Action and Injury
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Mechanisms of Human Proprioception
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Neuroplasticity in the Motor Cortex in Depression
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Comparison of Brain Stimulation Protocols: Motor, Blood Flow and Neuropsychological Effects

Associate Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy: Neural Control of Eccentric Exercise
  • Doctor of Philosophy: Input-Output Relations of Interactions of the Sensorimotor Pathways
  • Master of Science: Motor Cortex Excitability is Modulated By Cutaneous Electrical Stimulation of the Foot Sole
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