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Professor Janet Taylor

Professor of Human Neurophysiology

Contact Information Telephone: +61 8 6304 3603, Mobile: 0490412651, Email:, Campus: Joondalup, Room: JO19.388
Staff Member Details
Telephone: +61 8 6304 3603
Mobile: 0490412651
Campus: Joondalup  
Room: JO19.388  


In addition to her position at ECU, Janet Taylor currently holds an appointment as Honorary Principal Research Scientist at Neuroscience Research Australia and a conjoint appointment at the University of New South Wales. She is one of four Chief Investigators on the NHMRC Program grant, Motor Impairment. Studies in this program seek to understand the control of movement in health and the mechanisms of impairment, to identify potential interventions to improve movement and to test whether such interventions are effective.


Janet Taylor has been involved in full-time research for over 25 years and has been awarded over $13 M in peer-reviewed funding over this period. Over her career she has over 160 peer-reviewed publications with over 6800 citations (Scopus). She has recently moved to ECU from a position as a Principal Research Scientist at Neuroscience Research Australia. Her field of research is the control of movement in people. This includes the reflex and voluntary control of muscle contractions, as well as the sense of proprioception, which allows perception of limb movements and muscle forces. Her studies mostly involve neurophysiological or psychophysical experiments on human volunteers, and she commonly employ techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, corticospinal tract stimulation and peripheral nerve stimulation to evoke responses from the muscles. She is well known for her work describing the contribution of the nervous system to muscle fatigue.

Research Areas and Interests

Three main strands continue through her past and current research, and ongoing collaborations.

  1. The role of the central nervous system during muscle fatigue.
  2. Plastic changes in the motor pathway with artificial stimulation or voluntary activity.
  3. Perception of body movements and muscle forces.


  • Doctor of Medicine in Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of New South Wales, 1991.
  • Master of Biomedical Engineering, The University of New South Wales, 1989.
  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of surgery, The University of New South Wales, 1982.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)

Book Chapters

  • Walsh, LD., Taylor, J., Gandevia, SC., (2014), Proprioceptive mechanisms and the human hand. The Human Hand as an Inspiration for Robot Hand Development, 95(24), 123-141, United States, Springer, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03017-3_6.

Journal Articles

  • Taylor, M., Taylor, J., Seizova-Cajic, T., (2017), Muscle vibration-induced illusions: Review of contributing factors, Taxonomy of illusions and user's guide. Multisensory Research, 30(2), 25-63, Brill Academic Publishers, DOI: 10.1163/22134808-00002544.
  • Jones, M., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2017), Occlusion of blood flow attenuates exercise-induced hypoalgesia in the occluded limb of healthy adults. Journal of Applied Physiology, 122(5), 1284-1291, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01004.2016.
  • Nuzzo, J., Barry, B., Jones, M., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2017), Effects of four weeks of strength training on the Corticomotoneuronal pathway. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, epub ahead of print(epub ahead of print), 41p., United States, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001367.
  • Jones, M., Valenzuela, T., Booth, J., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2017), Explicit education about exercise-induced hypoalgesia influences pain responses to acute exercise in healthy adults: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Pain, epub ahead of print(epub ahead of print), 30p., United States, Churchill Livingstone, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2017.07.006.
  • Donges, S., Bai, S., Taylor, J., (2017), Concurrent electrical cervicomedullary stimulation and cervical transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation results in a stimulus interaction. Experimental Physiology, epub ahead of print(epub ahead of print), 30p., United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., DOI: 10.1113/EP086360.
  • Donges, S., D'amico, J., Butler, J., Taylor, J., (2017), The effects of cervical transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation on motor pathways supplying the upper limb in humans. PLoS One, 12(2), e0172333, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0172333.
  • D'amico, J., Butler, A., Heroux, M., Cotel, F., Perrier, J., Butler, J., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2017), Human motoneurone excitability is depressed by activation of serotonin 1A receptors with buspirone. The Journal of Physiology, 595(5), 1763-1773, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, DOI: 10.1113/JP273200.
  • Heroux, M., Loo, C., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2017), Questionable science and reproducibility in electrical brain stimulation research. PLoS One, 12(4), Article number e0175635, Netherlands, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175635.
  • Bech, K., Larsen, C., Sjogaard, G., Holtermann, A., Taylor, J., Sogaard, K., (2017), Voluntary activation of the trapezius muscle in cases with neck/shoulder pain compared to healthy controls. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 36(Oct 2017), 56-64, United Kingdom, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2017.07.006.
  • Carroll, T., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2017), Recovery of central and peripheral neuromuscular fatigue after exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 122(5), 1068-1076, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00775.2016.
  • O'Bryan, S., Billaut, F., Taylor, J., Rouffet, D., (2017), Knee extensor fatigue developed during high-intensity exercise limits lower-limb power production. Journal of Sports Sciences, epub ahead of print(epub ahead of print), 27p., London, United Kingdom, Routledge, DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1349922.
  • Heroux, M., Butler, A., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., Butler, J., (2016), Time course of human motoneuron recovery after sustained low-level voluntary activity. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115(2), 803-812, United States, American Physiological Society, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00950.2015.
  • Luu, B., Smith, J., Martin, P., McBain, R., Taylor, J., Butler, J., (2016), Feedforward consequences of isometric contractions: effort and ventilation. Physiological Reports, 4(15), Article number e12882, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, DOI: 10.14814/phy2.12882.
  • Fitzpatrick, S., Luu, B., Butler, J., Taylor, J., (2016), More conditioning stimuli enhance synaptic plasticity in the human spinal cord. Clinical Neurophysiology, 127(1), 724-731, Ireland, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2015.03.013.
  • Nuzzo, J., Trajano, G., Barry, B., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Arm posture-dependent changes in corticospinal excitability are largely spinal in origin. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115(4), 2076-2082, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00885.2015.
  • Nuzzo, J., Barry, B., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Acute Strength Training Increases Responses to Stimulation of Corticospinal Axons. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(1), 139-150, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000733.
  • Kennedy, D., McNeil, C., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Effects of fatigue on corticospinal excitability of the human knee extensors. Experimental Physiology, 101(12), 1552-1564, United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., DOI: 10.1113/EP085753.
  • Jones, M., Taylor, J., Booth, J., Barry, B., (2016), Exploring the mechanisms of exercise-induced hypoalgesia using somatosensory and laser evoked potentials. Frontiers in Physiology, 7(NOV), Article number 581, Frontiers Research Foundation, DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2016.00581.
  • Hunter, S., McNeil, C., Butler, J., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Short?interval cortical inhibition and intracortical facilitation during submaximal voluntary contractions changes with fatigue. Experimental Brain Research, 234(9), 2541-2551, Springer Verlag, DOI: 10.1007/s00221-016-4658-9.
  • Nuzzo, J., Barry, B., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2016), Stability of biceps brachii MMax with one session of strength training. Muscle and Nerve, 54(4), 791-793, United States, John Wiley & Sons Inc, DOI: 10.1002/mus.25217.
  • Ho, K., Taylor, J., Chew, T., Galvez, V., Alonzo, A., Bai, S., Dokos, S., Loo, C., (2016), The Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Electrode Size and Current Intensity on Motor Cortical Excitability: Evidence From Single and Repeated Sessions. Brain Stimulation, 9(1), 1-7, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2015.08.003.
  • Todd, G., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2016), Measurement of voluntary activation based on transcranial magnetic stimulation over the motor cortex. Journal of Applied Physiology, 121(3), 678-686, Bethesda, USA, American Physiological Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00293.2016.
  • Taylor, J., Amann, M., Duchateau, J., Meeusen, R., Rice, C., (2016), Neural contributions to muscle fatigue: From the brain to the muscle and back again. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(11), 2294-2306, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000923.
  • Khan, S., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2016), Unexpected factors affecting the excitability of human motorneurones in voluntary and stimulated contractions. The Journal of Physiology, 594(10), 2707-2717, Blackwell, DOI: 10.1113/JP272164.
  • Jones, M., Booth, J., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2016), Limited Association Between Aerobic Fitness and Pain in Healthy Individuals: A Cross-Sectional Study. Pain Medicine, 17(10), 1799-1808, American Academy of Pain Medicine, DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnv084.
  • McBain, R., Taylor, J., Gorman, R., Gandevia, S., Butler, J., (2016), Human intersegmental reflexes from intercostal afferents to scalene muscles. Experimental Physiology, 101(10), 1301-1308, United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., DOI: 10.1113/EP085907.
  • Clark, B., Taylor, J., Lee Hong, S., Law, T., Russ, D., (2015), Weaker Seniors Exhibit Motor Cortex Hypoexcitability and Impairments in Voluntary Activation. Journal of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 70(9), 1112-1119, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glv030.
  • Butler, A., Lord, S., Taylor, J., Fitzpatrick, R., (2015), Ability Versus Hazard: Risk-Taking and Falls in Older People. Journals of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 70(5), 628-634, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glu201.
  • Luu, B., Saboisky, J., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., Butler, J., (2015), TMS-evoked silent periods in scalene and parasternal intercostal muscles during voluntary breathing. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, 216(Sept 5), 15-22, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.resp.2015.05.010.
  • Ho, K., Taylor, J., Loo, C., (2015), Comparison of the effects of transcranial random noise stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation on motor cortical excitability. The Journal of Electroconvulsive Therapy, 31(1), 67-72, United States, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, DOI: 10.1097/YCT.0000000000000155.
  • Kennedy, D., Fitzpatrick, S., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2015), Fatigue-related firing of muscle nociceptors reduces voluntary activation of ipsilateral but not contralateral lower limb muscles. Journal of Applied Physiology, 118(4), 408-418, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00375.2014.
  • Heroux, M., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., (2015), The Use and Abuse of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Modulate Corticospinal Excitability in Humans. PLoS One, 10(12), e0144151, United States, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0144151.
  • Nguyen, E., Taylor, J., Brooks, J., Seizova-Cajic, T., (2015), Velocity of motion across the skin influences perception of tactile location. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115(2), 674-684, American Physiological Society, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00707.2015.
  • Vangsgaard, S., Norgaard, L., Madeleine, P., Taylor, J., (2014), Crossed responses found in human trapezius muscles are not H-reflexes. Muscle and Nerve, 49(3), 362-369, United States, John Wiley & Sons Inc, DOI: 10.1002/mus.23914.
  • Perez, M., Butler, J., Taylor, J., (2014), Modulation of transcallosal inhibition by bilateral activation of agonist and antagonist proximal arm muscles. Journal of Neurophysiology, 111(2), 405-414, DOI: 10.1152/jn.00322.2013.
  • Todd, G., Haberfield, M., Faulkner, P., Rae, C., Hayes, M., Wilcox, R., Taylor, J., Gandevia, S., Godau, J., Berg, D., Piguet, O., Double, K., (2014), Hand function is impaired in healthy older adults at risk of Parkinson?s disease. Journal of Neural Transmission, 121(11), 1377-1386, Springer-Verlag, DOI: 10.1007/s00702-014-1218-y.
  • Bowden, J., Taylor, J., McNulty, P., (2014), Voluntary activation is reduced in both the more- and less- affected limbs after unilateral stroke. Frontiers in Neurology, 5(Nov 2014), Article no. 239, Frontiers Research Foundation, DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2014.00239.
  • Vangsgaard, S., Taylor, J., Hansen, E., Madeleine, P., (2014), Changes in H reflex and neuromechanical properties of the trapezius muscle after 5 weeks of eccentric training: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(12), 1623-1631, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00164.2014.
  • Kennedy, D., McNeil, C., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2014), Fatigue-related firing of distal muscle nociceptors reduces voluntary activation of proximal muscles of the same limb. Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(4), 385-394, Bethesda, USA, American Physiology Society, DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01166.2013.
  • Jones, M., Booth, J., Taylor, J., Barry, B., (2014), Aerobic Training Increases Pain Tolerance in Healthy Individuals. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(8), 1640-1647, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000273.
  • Player, M., Taylor, J., Weickert, C., Alonzo, A., Sachdev, P., Martin, D., Mitchell, P., Loo, C., (2014), Increase in PAS-induced neuroplasticity after a treatment course of transcranial direct current stimulation for depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 167(1 Oct 2014), 140-147, Netherlands, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2014.05.063.
  • Seizova-Cajic, T., Taylor, J., (2014), Somatosensory Space Abridged: Rapid Change in Tactile Localization Using a Motion Stimulus. PLoS One, 9(3), article no. e90892, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090892.
  • Player, M., Taylor, J., Weickert, C., Alonzo, A., Sachdev, P., Martin, D., Mitchell, P., Loo, C., (2013), Neuroplasticity in Depressed Individuals Compared with Healthy Controls. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38(11), 2101-2108, American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, DOI: 10.1038/npp.2013.126.
  • Vangsgaard, S., Norgaard, L., Flaskager, B., Sogaard, K., Taylor, J., Madeleine, P., (2013), Eccentric exercise inhibits the H reflex in the middle part of the trapezius muscle. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(1), 77-87, Germany, Springer, DOI: 10.1007/s00421-012-2412-y.
  • Kennedy, D., McNeil, C., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2013), Firing of antagonist small-diameter muscle afferents reduces voluntary activation and torque of elbow flexors. The Journal of Physiology, 591(14), 3591-3604, DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2012.248559.
  • Gandevia, SC., McNeil, CJ., Carroll, TJ., Taylor, J., (2013), Twitch interpolation: Superimposed twitches decline progressively during a tetanic contraction of human adductor pollicis. Journal of Physiology, 591(5), 1373-1383, West Sussex, United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2012.248989.
  • Butler, J., Peterson, N., Herbert, R., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2012), Origin of the low-level EMG during the silent period following transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 123(7), 1409-1414, Shannon, Ireland, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2011.11.034.
  • Alonzo, A., Brassil, J., Taylor, J., Martin, D., Loo, C., (2012), Daily transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) leads to greater increases in cortical excitability than second daily transcranial direct current stimulation. Brain Stimulation, 5(3), 208-213, Philadelphia, USA, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2011.04.006.
  • Giesebrecht, S., Van Duinen, H., Todd, G., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2012), Training in a ballistic task but not a visuomotor task increases responses to stimulation of human corticospinal axons. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107(9), 2485-2492, DOI: 10.1152/jn.01117.2010.
  • Khan, S., Giesebrecht, S., Gandevia, S., Taylor, J., (2012), Activity-dependent depression of the recurrent discharge of human motoneurones after maximal voluntary contractions. The Journal of Physiology, 590(19), 4957-4969, West Sussex, United Kingdom, DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2012.235697.
  • Chipchase, L., Schabrun, S., Cohen, L., Hodges, P., Ridding, M., Rothwell, J., Taylor, J., Ziemann, U., (2012), A checklist for assessing the methodological quality of studies using transcranial magnetic stimulation to study the motor system: An international consensus study. Clinical Neurophysiology, 123(9), 1698-1704, Shannon, Ireland, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2012.05.003.
  • Hudson, A., Taylor, J., Anand, A., Gandevia, S., Butler, J., (2012), Evoked corticospinal output to the human scalene muscles is altered by lung volume. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, 180(2-3), 263-268, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.resp.2011.11.017.
  • Player, M., Taylor, J., Alonzo, A., Loo, C., (2012), Paired associative stimulation increases motor cortex excitability more effectively than theta-burst stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 123(11), 2220-2226, Shannon, Ireland, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2012.03.081.
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