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Dr Timo Rantalainen

Adjunct Associate Professor

Staff Member Details

Dr Timo Rantalainen is an Adjunct Senior Lecturer of the Exercise Medicine Research Institute and School of Medical and Health Sciences.


Dr Timo Rantalainen’s area of expertise pertains to neuromuscular and skeletal systems, specifically skeletal adaptation to mechanical loading and neural control of muscles, with a focus on estimating lower limb loading and bone responsiveness. Dr Rantalainen’s current research interests include: 1) the effect of loading on bone geometry, 2) neuromuscular function of muscle, 3) muscle and bone adaptations with age, and 4) the measurement of bone geometry using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT).

He has published 1 book chapter, 3 trial protocols, and 54 peer-reviewed scientific articles (20 as first author). Dr Rantalainen is a founding member of the Western Australian Bone Research Collaboration (WABRC), which explores bone health and disease in a cross-institutional and multi-disciplinary environment with academics and clinicians. Dr Rantalainen has built a strong working collaboration with Dr Nicolas Hart, Associate Professor Sophia Nimphius, Clinical Associate Professor Aris Siafarikas and Dr Paola Chivers (all founding members of the WABRC), co-supervising several research students and collaborating on a series of research projects with these respective people.

Professional Associations

  • Western Australian Bone Research Collaboration (WABRC).
  • Australia and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society (ANZBMS).

Research Areas and Interests

  • Neuromuscular and skeletal systems.
  • Skeletal adaptation to mechanical loading
  • Neural control of muscles.


  • Doctor of Sports Science, Finland, 2010.

Research Outputs

Journal Articles

  • Owen, P., Hart, N., Latella, C., Hendy, A., Lamon, S., Rantalainen, T. (2021). Identifying and assessing inter-muscular fat at the distal diaphyseal femur measured by peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT). Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 24(1), 106-111.

Journal Articles

  • Tan, J., Siafarikas, A., Rantalainen, T., Hart, N., McIntyre, F., Hands, B., Chivers, P. (2020). Impact of a multimodal exercise program on tibial bone health in adolescents with Development Coordination Disorder: an examination of feasibility and potential efficacy. The Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 20(4), 445-471.
  • Hart, N., Newton, R., Weber, J., Spiteri, T., Rantalainen, T., Dobbin, M., Chivers, P., Nimphius, S. (2020). Functional basis of asymmetrical lower-body skeletal morphology in professional Australian Rules Footballers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(3), 791-799.
  • Jenkins, M., Hart, N., Nimphius, S., Chivers, P., Rantalainen, T., Rothacker, K., Beck, B., Weeks, B., McIntyre, F., Hands, B., Beeson, B., Siafarikas, A. (2020). Characterisation of peripheral bone mineral density in youth at risk of secondary osteoporosis - a preliminary insight. The Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 20(1), 27-52.
  • Hart, N., Newton, R., Tan, J., Rantalainen, T., Chivers, P., Siafarikas, A., Nimphius, S. (2020). Biological Basis of Bone Strength: Anatomy, Physiology and Measurement. The Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 20(3), 341-371.
  • Tan, J., Hart, N., Rantalainen, T., Chivers, P. (2020). Association between developmental coordination disorder or low motor competence, and risk of impaired bone health across the lifespan: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 2020(Article in press), 1-9.

Journal Articles

  • Chivers, P., Rantalainen, T., McIntyre, F., Hands, B., Weeks, B., Beck, B., Nimphius, S., Hart, N., Siafarikas, A. (2019). Suboptimal bone status for adolescents with low motor competence and developmental coordination disorder - it's sex specific. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 84(January 2019), 57-65.

Journal Articles

  • Jenkins, M., Nimphius, S., Hart, N., Chivers, P., Rantalainen, T., Rueter, K., Borland, M., McIntyre, F., Stannage, K., Siafarikas, A. (2018). Appendicular fracture epidemiology of children and adolescents: A 10-year case review in Western Australia (2005 to 2015). Archives of Osteoporosis, 13(1), article no.63.
  • Jenkins, M., Hart, N., Rantalainen, T., Chivers, P., Newton, R., Nimphius, S. (2018). Reliability of upper-limb diaphyseal mineral and soft-tissue measurements using peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT). The Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 18(4), 438-445.
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