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Dr Marc Sim

Post Doctoral Research Fellow

Staff Member Details
Email: marc.sim@ecu.edu.au
Campus: Joondalup  
ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5166-0605

Marc is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in the School of Medical and Health Sciences.

Current Teaching

  • NUTR3215 Exercise Nutrition

Background

Marc received his PhD (Deans List) from The University of Western Australia in March 2015. Marc’s doctoral research investigated the effect of exercise on inflammation and iron metabolism. Marc’s current research examines the role of nutrition, physical activity and its impact on disease progression, more specifically musculoskeletal function/structure; key factors for fall and fracture prevention. He is an accredited Exercise and Sport Scientist (Level 2) and Nutritionist. Previously, Marc worked in industry as a Sports Physiologist at the Western Australian Institute of Sport. Marc’s current research program is based out of the based at the Royal Perth Hospital Research Foundation and is supported by his expertise in the design, coordination and conduct of RCTs, and the analysis of data from large cohort studies. Marc is a committee member of the Australia and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia Frailty Research Early to Mid-Career Researchers Committee as well as the ECU Early and Mid-Career Researcher Committee. In 2019, Marc was part of a national Taskforce which released a report for a national sarcopenia definition.

Awards and Recognition

  • Edith Cowan University Early and Mid-Career Researcher Network (EMCRN) Symposium 2020, Best Presentation for Research in Health.  Higher dietary nitrate intake is associated with better muscle function in men and women independent of physical activity levels.
  • Australia and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research Bright Star Publication Award for the paper titled: 'Higher dietary nitrate intake is associated with better muscle function in older women', 2019.
  • Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society Travel Award, 2019.
  • Australian Postgraduate Award, 2010-2014.
  • Bruce and Betty Green Science Prize, The University of Western Australia, 2010.
  • Postgraduate Research Travel Award, The University of Western Australia, 2011 & 2013.
  • Edith Cowan University Platinum Prize, Australian Society for Medical Research Symposium. For the oral presentation entitled: ‘Effect of exercise modality and intensity on post-exercise interleukin-6 and hepcidin levels’, 2012.
  • The University of Western Australia Deans List Award for the Doctoral Thesis: ‘Effect of exercise on inflammation, hepcidin regulation and iron metabolism’, 2014.
  • Valedictorian, The University of Western Australia, March 2015.

Research Areas and Interests

  • Physical activity, nutrition and public health
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiencies and its impact on physical function
  • Iron regulation in active populations
  • Ergogenic aids in sport

Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, The University of Western Australia, 2015.

Research Outputs

Journal Articles

  • Radavelli Bagatini, S., Anokye, R., Bondonno, N., Sim, M., Bondonno, C., Stanley, M., Harms, C., Woodman, R., Magliano, DJ., Shaw, JE., Daly, RM., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L. (2021). Association of habitual intake of fruits and vegetables with depressive symptoms: the AusDiab study. European Journal of Nutrition, -(-), -. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-021-02532-0.
  • Radavelli Bagatini, S., Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Prince, RL., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Woodman, R., Anokye, R., Dimmock, J., Jackson, B., Costello, L., Devine, A., Stanley, M., Dickson, J., Magliano, DJ., Shaw, JE., Daly, RM., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J. (2021). Fruit and vegetable intake is inversely associated with perceived stress across the adult lifespan. Clinical Nutrition, -(-), -.
  • Smith, C., Lewis, J., Sim, M., Lim, W., Lim, E., Blekkenhorst, L., Brennan-Speranza , T., Adams, L., Byrnes, E., Duque, G., Levinger, I., Prince, R. (2021). Higher Undercarboxylated to Total Osteocalcin Ratio Is Associated With Reduced Physical Function and Increased 15‐Year Falls‐Related Hospitalizations: The Perth Longitudinal Study of Aging Women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 36(3), 523-530. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.4208.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, N., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Peeling, P., Bondonno, C., Magliano, D., Shaw, J., Woodman , R., Murray, K., Lewis, J., Daly, R., Hodgson, J. (2021). Dietary nitrate intake is positively associated with muscle function in men and women independent of physical activity levels. The Journal of Nutrition, -(-), -. https://doi.org/in press.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Kiel, D., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Prince, R., Lewis, J. (2021). Cruciferous vegetable intake is inversely associated with extensive abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: a cross-sectional study. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, Online(July), 9p.. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520002706.
  • Leow, K., Szulc, P., Schousboe, J., Kiel, D., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Shaikh, H., Sawang, M., Sim, M., Bondonno, N., Hodgson, J., Sharma, A., Thompson, P., Prince, R., Craig, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Lewis, J. (2021). Prognostic value of abdominal aortic calcification: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Journal of the American Heart Association, X(X), X. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.017205.

Journal Articles

  • Connolly, E., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Croft, K., Boyce, M., James, A., Clark, K., Anokye, R., Bondonno, N., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Gan, SK., Schultz, C., Mithen, R., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L. (2020). A randomised controlled crossover trial investigating the short-term effects of different types of vegetables on vascular and metabolic function in middle-aged and older adults with mildly elevated blood pressure: the VEgetableS for vaScular hEaLth (VESSEL) study protocol. Nutrition Journal, 19(1), Article number 41. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-020-00559-3.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Lim, WH., Woodman, RJ., Beilin, LJ., Thompson, PL., Prince, RL., Hodgson, J. (2020). Vegetable diversity in relation with subclinical atherosclerosis and 15-year atherosclerotic vascular disease deaths in older adult women. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(1), 217-230. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01902-z.
  • McCormick, R., Dawson, B., Sim, M., Lester, L., Goodman, C., Peeling, P. (2020). The Effectiveness of Transdermal Iron Patches in Athletes with Sub-Optimal Iron Status (Part 1). International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 30(3), 185-190. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0309.
  • Palmer, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Ward, N., Schultz, CJ., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Sim, M. (2020). Quantifying dietary vitamin K and its link to cardiovascular health: a narrative review. Food and Function, 11(4), 2826-2837. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9fo02321f.
  • McCormick, R., Dryer, A., Dawson, B., Sim, M., Lester, L., Goodman, C., Peeling, P. (2020). The effectiveness of daily and alternate day oral iron supplementation in athletes with sub-optimal iron status (Part 2). International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 30(3), 191-196. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0310.
  • McCormick, R., Sim, M., Dawson, B., Peeling, P. (2020). Refining Treatment Strategies for Iron Deficient Athletes. Sports Medicine, 50(12), 2111-2123. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01360-2.
  • Tacey, A., Sim, M., Smith, C., Woessner , M., Byrnes , E., Lewis, J., Brennan-Speranza , T., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Levinger, I. (2020). Association between Circulating Osteocalcin and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors following a 4-Week Leafy Green Vitamin K-Rich Diet. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism: European journal of nutrition, metabolic diseases and dietetics, 76(5), 361–367. https://doi.org/10.1159/000511660.
  • Hill, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Sim, M., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Shaw, J., Hodgson, J., Daly, R., Lewis, J. (2020). Fruit and Vegetable Knowledge and Intake within an Australian Population: The AusDiab Study. Nutrients, 12(12), Article number 3628. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123628.
  • Sim, M., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Levinger, I., Brennan-Speranza, T., Palmer, C., Bondonno, C., Bondonno, N., Devine, A., Ward, N., Byrnes, E., Schultz, C., Woodman, R., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L. (2020). The effects of vitamin K-rich green leafy vegetables on bone metabolism: a 4-week randomised controlled trial in middle-aged and older individuals. Bone Reports, 12(June 2020), Article number 100274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bonr.2020.100274.
  • Anokye, R., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Connolly, E., Bondonno, N., Schousboe, J., Woodman, R., Zhu, K., Szulc, P., Jackson, B., Dimmock, J., Schlaich, M., Cox, K., Kiel, D., Lim, W., Devine, A., Thompson, P., Gianoudis, J., De Ross, B., Daly, R., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., Stanley, M. (2020). Implementation, mechanisms of impact and key contextual factors involved in outcomes of the Modification of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle (MODEL) randomised controlled trial in Australian adults: Protocol for a mixed-method process evaluation. BMJ Open, 10(11), Article number 036395. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036395.
  • Radavelli Bagatini, S., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Anokye, R., Connolly, E., Bondonno, N., Schoesboe, J., Woodman, R., Zhu , K., Szulc, P., Jackson, B., Dimmock, J., Schlaich, M., Cox, K., Kiel, D., Lim, W., Stanley, M., Devine, A., Thompson, P., Gianoudis, J., De Ross, B., Daly, R., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J. (2020). Modification Of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle (MODEL) study: a randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open, 10(11), Article number 036366. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036366.
  • Halley, S., Peeling, P., Brown , H., Sim, M., Mallabone, J., Dawson, B., Binnie, M. (2020). Repeat Application of Ischemic Preconditioning Improves Maximal 1,000-m Kayak Ergometer Performance in a Simulated Competition Format. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2020(Article in press), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003748.
  • McKay, A., Peeling, P., Binnie, M., Goods , P., Sim, M., Cross, R., Siegler, J. (2020). Topical Sodium Bicarbonate: No Improvement in Blood Buffering Capacity or Exercise Performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 15(7), 1005–1011. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0345.

Journal Articles

  • Zhu, K., Lewis, J., Sim, M., Prince, R. (2019). Low vitamin D status is associated with impaired bone quality and increased risk of fracture-related hospitalization in older Australian women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(11), 2019-2027. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3818.
  • Sim, M., Prince, R., Scott, D., Daly, R., Duque, G., Inderjeeth, C., Kun, Z., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J. (2019). Utility of four sarcopenia criteria for the prediction of falls-related hospitalization in older Australian women. Osteoporosis International, 30(1), 167-176. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-018-4755-7.
  • Lewis, J., Brennan-Speranza, T., Levinger, I., Byrnes, E., Lim, E., Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Lim, W., Adams, L., Prince, R. (2019). Effects of calcium supplementation on circulating osteocalcin and glycated hemoglobin in older women. Osteoporosis International, 30(10), 2065-2072. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-05087-3.
  • McCormick, R., Moretti, D., McKay , A., Laarakkers , C., Van Swelm, R., Trinder , D., Cox, G., Zimmerman , M., Sim, M., Goodman , C., Dawson, B., Peeling, P. (2019). The impact of morning versus afternoon exercise on iron absorption in athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 51(10), 2147-2155. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002026.
  • Lewis, J., Sim, M., Daly, R. (2019). The Vitamin D and Calcium Controversy: An Update. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 31(2), 91-97. https://doi.org/10.1097/BOR.0000000000000584.
  • Sim, M., Garvican-Lewis, L., Cox, G., Govus, A., McKay, A., Stellingwerff, T., Peeling, P. (2019). Iron considerations for the athlete: A narrative review. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 119(7), 1463-1478. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04157-y.
  • Zanker, J., Scott , D., Reijnierse , E., Brennan-Olsen , S., Daly , R., Girgis , C., Grossmann , M., Hayes , A., Henwood , T., Hirani , V., Inderjeeth , C., Iuliano, S., Keogh, J., Lewis, J., Maier , A., Pasco, J., Phu, S., Sanders, K., Sim, M., Visvanathan , R., Waters , D., Yu , S., Duque , G. (2019). Establishing an Operational Definition of Sarcopenia in Australia and New Zealand: Delphi Method Based Consensus Statement. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 23(1), 105-110. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-018-1113-6.
  • McCaskie, C., Young, W., Fahrner, B., Sim, M. (2019). Association between preseason training and performance in elite Australian football. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 14(1), 68-75. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0076.
  • Sim, M., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Peeling, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2019). Dietary nitrate intake is associated with muscle function in older women. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 10(3), 601-610. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcsm.12413.
  • Rodriguez, A., Leow, K., Szulc, P., Scott, D., Ebeling, P., Sim, M., Wong, G., Lim, W., Schousboe, JT., Kiel, D., Prince, R., Lewis, J. (2019). Abdominal aortic calcification, bone mineral density and fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. BMJ Open, 9(4), Article number e026232. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026232.
  • Lewis, J., Eggermont, C., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Khoo, B., Sim, M., Yu, M., Ueland, T., Bollerslev , J., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Wilson, K., Kiel, D., Prince, R. (2019). Association between abdominal aortic calcification, bone mineral density and fracture in older women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(11), 2052-2060. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3830.
  • Sim, M., Prince, R., Scott, D., Daly, R., Duque, G., Charles, I., Kun, Z., Richard, W., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J. (2019). Sarcopenia Definitions and Their Associations With Mortality in Older Australian Women. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (JAMDA): long-term care: management, applied research and clinical issues, 20(1), 76-82.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2018.10.016.

Journal Articles

  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Woodman, R., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2018). Vegetable Diversity, Injurious Falls, and Fracture Risk in Older Women: A Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients, 10(8), Article no.1081. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081081.
  • Terziottia, P., Sim, M., Polglaze, T. (2018). A comparison of displacement and energetic variables between three team sport GPS devices. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 18(5), 823-834. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2018.1525650.
  • Peeling, P., Binnie, M., Goods, P., Sim, M., Burke, L. (2018). Evidence-Based Supplements for the Enhancement of Athletic Performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 28(2), 178-187. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0343.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Bondonno, C., Bondonno, N., Ward, N., Prince, R., Devine, A., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J. (2018). Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Specific Vegetable Types: A Narrative Review. Nutrients, 10(5), Article no.595. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10050595.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Woodman, R., Prince, R., Hodgson, J. (2018). Vegetable and fruit intake and injurious falls risk in older women: a prospective cohort study. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 120(8), 925-934. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518002155.

Journal Articles

  • Brown, H., Dawson, B., Binnie, M., Pinnington, H., Sim, M., Clemons, T., Peeling, P. (2017). Sand training: Exercise-induced muscle damage and inflammatory responses to matched-intensity exercise. European Journal of Sport Science, 17(6), 741-747. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1304998.
  • Sim, M., Dawson, B., Landers, G., Swinkels, D., Wiegerinck, E., Yeap, B., Trinder, D., Peeling, P. (2017). Interleukin-6 and Hepcidin Levels during Hormone-Deplete and Hormone-Replete Phases of an Oral Contraceptive Cycle: A Pilot Study. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism: European journal of nutrition, metabolic diseases and dietetics, 70(2), 100-105. https://doi.org/10.1159/000465530.

Journal Articles

  • McCormick, R., Peeling, P., Binnie, M., Dawson, B., Sim, M. (2016). Effect of tart cherry juice on recovery and next day performance in well-trained Water Polo players. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 13(1), Article number 41. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-016-0151-x.
  • Badenhorst, C., Dawson, B., Cox, G., Sim, M., Laarakkers, C., Swinkels, D., Peeling, P. (2016). Seven days of high carbohydrate ingestion does not attenuate post‑exercise IL‑6 and hepcidin levels. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(9), 1715-1724. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3426-7.

Journal Articles

  • Sim, M., Dawson, B., Landers, G., Swinkels, D., Tjalsma, H., Yeap, B., Trinder, D., Peeling, P. (2015). Oral contraception does not alter typical post-exercise interleukin-6 and hepcidin levels in females. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(1), 8-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.11.008.

Journal Articles

  • Badenhorst, C., Dawson, B., Goodman, C., Sim, M., Cox, G., Gore, C., Tjalsma, H., Swinkels, D., Peeling, P. (2014). Influence of post-exercise hypoxic exposure on hepcidin response in athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(5), 951-959. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2829-6.
  • Sim, M., Dawson, B., Landers, G., Trinder, D., Peeling, P. (2014). Iron regulation in athletes: Exploring the menstrual cycle and effects of different exercise modalities on hepcidin production. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 24(2), 177-187. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2013-0067.
  • Sim, M., Dawson, B., Landers, G., Swinkels, D., Tjalsma, H., Wiegerinck, E., Trinder, D., Peeling, P. (2014). A seven day running training period increases basal urinary hepcidin levels as compared to cycling. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 11(1), Article number 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/1550-2783-11-14.
  • Peeling, P., Sim, M., Badenhorst, CE., Dawson, B., Govus, A., Abbiss, C., Swinkels, DW., Trinder, D. (2014). Iron status and the acute post-exercise hepcidin response in athletes. PLoS One, 9(3), Article No. e93002. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093002.

Journal Articles

  • Sim, M., Dawson, B., Landers, G., Swinkels, D., Tjalsma, H., Trinder, D., Peeling, P. (2013). Effect of exercise modality and intensity on postexercise interlukin-6 and hepcidin levels. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 23(2), 178-186.
  • Spence, A., Sim, M., Landers, G., Peeling, P. (2013). A comparison of caffeine versus pseudoephedrine on cycling time-trial performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 23(5), 507-512.

Book Chapters

Journal Articles

  • Sim, M., Dawson, B., Landers, G., Wiegerinck, E., Swinkels, D., Townsend, M., Trinder, D., Peeling, P. (2012). The effects of carbohydrate ingestion during endurance running on post-exercise inflammation and hepcidin levels. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112(5), 1889-1898. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-2156-0.
  • Peeling, P., Fulton, S., Sim, M., White, J. (2012). Recovery effects of hyperoxic gas inhalation or contrast water immersion on the postexercise cytokine response, perceptual recovery, and next day exercise performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(4), 968-975.

Research Projects

  • Can the short-term consumption of vitamin K rich vegetables improve markers of musculoskeletal health?, Edith Cowan University, ECU Early Career Researcher Grant - 2019, 2019 ‑ 2020, $19,474.
  • Developing a national database for vitamin K1 and K2 content in food, Royal Perth Hospital Medical Research Foundation, Seeding Grant, 2018 ‑ 2020, $17,331.

Research Student Supervision

Co-principal Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Cardiovascular causes of falls and fracture: Exploring the nature of the nexus
  • Doctor of Philosophy, An examination of kinanthropometric and physiologic factors and their relationship with lower limb injuries in elite Australian football

Associate Supervisor

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Modification of diet, exercise and lifestyle: The model study
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