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Dr Marc Sim

Post Doctoral Research Fellow

Contact Information Email:, Campus: Joondalup,
Staff Member Details
Campus: Joondalup  


Marc is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in the School of Medical and Health Sciences.

Current Teaching

  • NUTR3215 Exercise Nutrition


Marc received his PhD (Deans List) from The University of Western Australia (UWA) in March 2015. Marc’s doctoral research investigated the effect of exercise on inflammation, hepcidin regulation and iron metabolism. This work highlighted the potential influence of hepcidin (iron-regulatory hormone) on iron metabolism under different circumstances; such as an oral contraceptive regulated menstrual cycle and weight vs. non-weight bearing exercise. Marc was a Lecturer at Federation University Australia (Victoria) in the field of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology. In 2017, Marc returned to Western Australia to take up a Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship with Edith Cowan University. This research team operates out of the Royal Perth Hospital Medical Research Foundation. The focus of this team is to examine the role of nutrition, physical activity and its impact on health outcomes. Previously, Marc worked as a Sports Physiologist at the Western Australian Institute of Sport and for the Australian Junior Women’s Hockey Program.

Awards and Recognition

  • Australia and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research Bright Star Publication Award for the paper titled: ‘Higher dietary nitrate intake is associated with better muscle function in older women’, 2019.
  • Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society Travel Award, 2019.
  • Australian Postgraduate Award, 2010-2014.
  • Bruce and Betty Green Science Prize, The University of Western Australia, 2010.
  • Postgraduate Research Travel Award, The University of Western Australia, 2011 & 2013.
  • Edith Cowan University Platinum Prize, Australian Society for Medical Research Symposium. For the oral presentation entitled: ‘Effect of exercise modality and intensity on post-exercise interleukin-6 and hepcidin levels’, 2012.
  • The University of Western Australia Deans List Award for the Doctoral Thesis: ‘Effect of exercise on inflammation, hepcidin regulation and iron metabolism’, 2014.
  • Valedictorian, The University of Western Australia, March 2015.

Research Areas and Interests

  • Physical activity, nutrition and public health
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiencies and its impact on physical function
  • Iron regulation in active populations
  • Ergogenic aids in sport


  • Doctor of Philosophy, The University of Western Australia, 2015.


Recent Research Grants

  • Can the short-term consumption of vitamin K rich vegetables improve markers of musculoskeletal health?,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Early Career Researcher Grant - 2019,  2019 - 2020,  $19,474.
  • Developing a national database for vitamin K1 and K2 content in food,  Royal Perth Hospital Medical Research Foundation,  Seeding Grant,  2018 - 2020,  $17,331.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)

Journal Articles

  • Palmer, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Ward, N., Schultz, CJ., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Sim, M., (2020), Quantifying dietary vitamin K and its link to cardiovascular health: a narrative review. Food and Function, -(-), -, -, DOI: 10.1039/c9fo02321f.
  • Sim, M., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Levinger, I., Brennan-Speranza, T., Palmer, C., Bondonno, C., Bondonno, N., Devine, A., Ward, N., Schultz, C., Woodman, R., Brynes, E., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L., (2020), The effects of vitamin K-rich green leafy vegetables on bone metabolism: a 4-week randomised controlled trial in middle-aged and older individuals. Bone Reports, 12(June 2020), article number 100274, -, DOI: 10.1016/j.bonr.2020.100274.
  • Halley, S., Peeling, P., Brown , H., Sim, M., Mallabone, J., Dawson, B., Binnie, M., (2020), Repeat application of ischemic preconditioning improves maximal 1000 m kayak ergometer performance in a simulated competition format. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, -(-), -, -, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, DOI: -.
  • McCormick, R., Dawson, B., Sim, M., Lester, L., Goodman, C., Peeling, P., (2020), The Effectiveness of Transdermal Iron Patches in Athletes with Sub-Optimal Iron Status (Part 1). International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, -(-), -, -, Human Kinetics Publications Inc, DOI: -.
  • McCormick, R., Dryer, A., Dawson, B., Sim, M., Lester, L., Goodman, C., Peeling, P., (2020), The effectiveness of daily and alternate day oral iron supplementation in athletes with sub-optimal iron status (Part 2). International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, -(-), -, -, Human Kinetics Publications Inc, DOI: -.
  • Connolly, E., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Radavelli Bagatini, S., Croft, K., Boyce, M., James, A., Clark, K., Anokye, R., Bondonno, N., Woodman, R., Devine, A., Gan, SK., Schultz, C., Mithen, R., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., Blekkenhorst, L., (2020), randomised controlled crossover trial investigating the short-term effects of different types of vegetables on vascular and metabolic function in middle-aged and older adults with mildly elevated blood pressure: the VEgetableS for vaScular hEaLth (VESSEL) study protocol. Nutrition Journal, 19(2020), Article 41, DOI: 10.1186/s12937-020-00559-3.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Sim, M., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Lim, WH., Woodman, RJ., Beilin, LJ., Thompson, PL., Prince, RL., Hodgson, J., (2020), Vegetable diversity in relation with subclinical atherosclerosis and 15-year atherosclerotic vascular disease deaths in older adult women. European Journal of Nutrition, 59(1), 217-230, DOI: 10.1007/s00394-019-01902-z.
  • McKay, A., Peeling, P., Binnie, M., Goods , P., Sim, M., Cross, R., Siegler, J., (2019), Topical Sodium Bicarbonate: No Improvement in Blood Buffering Capacity or Exercise Performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, -(-), -, -, Human Kinetics, DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2019-0345.
  • McCaskie, C., Young, W., Fahrner, B., Sim, M., (2019), Association between preseason training and performance in elite Australian football. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 14(1), 68-75, United States, Human Kinetics, DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2018-0076.
  • Zanker, J., Scott , D., Reijnierse , E., Brennan-Olsen , S., Daly , R., Girgis , C., Grossmann , M., Hayes , A., Henwood , T., Hirani , V., Inderjeeth , C., Iuliano, S., Keogh, J., Lewis, J., Maier , A., Pasco, J., Phu, S., Sanders, K., Sim, M., Visvanathan , R., Waters , D., Yu , S., Duque , G., (2019), Establishing an Operational Definition of Sarcopenia in Australia and New Zealand: Delphi Method Based Consensus Statement. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 23(1), 105-110, DOI: 10.1007/s12603-018-1113-6.
  • Sim, M., Prince, R., Scott, D., Daly, R., Duque, G., Inderjeeth, C., Kun, Z., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., (2019), Utility of four sarcopenia criteria for the prediction of falls-related hospitalization in older Australian women. Osteoporosis International, 30(1), 167-176, DOI: 10.1007/s00198-018-4755-7.
  • Sim, M., Prince, R., Scott, D., Daly, R., Duque, G., Charles, I., Kun, Z., Richard, W., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., (2019), Sarcopenia Definitions and Their Associations With Mortality in Older Australian Women. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (JAMDA): long-term care: management, applied research and clinical issues, 20(1), 76-82.e2, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.10.016.
  • Zhu, K., Lewis, J., Sim, M., Prince, R., (2019), Low vitamin D status is associated with impaired bone quality and increased risk of fracture-related hospitalization in older Australian women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(11), 2019-2027, DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3818.
  • Lewis, J., Eggermont, C., Schousboe, J., Lim, W., Wong, G., Khoo, B., Sim, M., Yu, M., Ueland, T., Bollerslev , J., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Wilson, K., Kiel, D., Prince, R., (2019), Association between abdominal aortic calcification, bone mineral density and fracture in older women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 34(11), 2052-2060, DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3830.
  • Sim, M., Garvican-Lewis, L., Cox, G., Govus, A., McKay, A., Stellingwerff, T., Peeling, P., (2019), Iron considerations for the athlete: A narrative review. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 119(7), 1463-1478, Germany, Springer, DOI: 10.1007/s00421-019-04157-y.
  • McCormick, R., Moretti, D., McKay , A., Laarakkers , C., Van Swelm, R., Trinder , D., Cox, G., Zimmerman , M., Sim, M., Goodman , C., Dawson, B., Peeling, P., (2019), The impact of morning versus afternoon exercise on iron absorption in athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 51(10), 2147-2155, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002026.
  • Lewis, J., Brennan-Speranza, T., Levinger, I., Byrnes, E., Lim, E., Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Hodgson, J., Zhu, K., Lim, W., Adams, L., Prince, R., (2019), Effects of calcium supplementation on circulating osteocalcin and glycated hemoglobin in older women. Osteoporosis International, 30(10), 2065-2072, DOI: 10.1007/s00198-019-05087-3.
  • Lewis, J., Sim, M., Daly, R., (2019), The Vitamin D and Calcium Controversy: An Update. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 31(2), 91-97, DOI: 10.1097/BOR.0000000000000584.
  • Rodriguez, A., Leow, K., Szulc, P., Scott, D., Ebeling, P., Sim, M., Wong, G., Lim, W., Schousboe, JT., Kiel, D., Prince, R., Lewis, J., (2019), Abdominal aortic calcification, bone mineral density and fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. BMJ Open, 9(4), Article number e026232, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026232.
  • Sim, M., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Peeling, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2019), Dietary nitrate intake is associated with muscle function in older women. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 10(3), 601-610, DOI: 10.1002/jcsm.12413.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Woodman, R., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2018), Vegetable and fruit intake and injurious falls risk in older women: a prospective cohort study. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 120(8), 925-934, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114518002155.
  • Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L., Lewis, J., Bondonno, C., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Woodman, R., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2018), Vegetable Diversity, Injurious Falls, and Fracture Risk in Older Women: A Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients, 10(8), Article no.1081, Switzerland, MDPIAG, DOI: 10.3390/nu10081081.
  • Peeling, P., Binnie, M., Goods, P., Sim, M., Burke, L., (2018), Evidence-Based Supplements for the Enhancement of Athletic Performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 28(2), 178-187, CHAMPAIGN, IL, USA, Human Kinetics Publications Inc, DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0343.
  • Terziottia, P., Sim, M., Polglaze, T., (2018), A comparison of displacement and energetic variables between three team sport GPS devices. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 18(5), 823-834, DOI: 10.1080/24748668.2018.1525650.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Sim, M., Bondonno, C., Bondonno, N., Ward, N., Prince, R., Devine, A., Lewis, J., Hodgson, J., (2018), Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Specific Vegetable Types: A Narrative Review. Nutrients, 10(5), Article no.595, Switzerland, MDPIAG, DOI: 10.3390/nu10050595.
  • Sim, M., Dawson, B., Landers, G., Swinkels, D., Wiegerinck, E., Yeap, B., Trinder, D., Peeling, P., (2017), Interleukin-6 and Hepcidin Levels during Hormone-Deplete and Hormone-Replete Phases of an Oral Contraceptive Cycle: A Pilot Study. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism: European journal of nutrition, metabolic diseases and dietetics, 70(2), 100-105, Switzerland, S. Karger AG, DOI: 10.1159/000465530.
  • Brown, H., Dawson, B., Binnie, M., Pinnington, H., Sim, M., Clemons, T., Peeling, P., (2017), Sand training: Exercise-induced muscle damage and inflammatory responses to matched-intensity exercise. European Journal of Sport Science, 17(6), 741-747, Oxon, United Kingdom, Taylor & Francis Ltd, DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1304998.
  • McCormick, R., Peeling, P., Binnie, M., Dawson, B., Sim, M., (2016), Effect of tart cherry juice on recovery and next day performance in well-trained Water Polo players. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 13(1), Article number 41, United Kingdom, BioMed Central Ltd, DOI: 10.1186/s12970-016-0151-x.
  • Badenhorst, C., Dawson, B., Cox, G., Sim, M., Laarakkers, C., Swinkels, D., Peeling, P., (2016), Seven days of high carbohydrate ingestion does not attenuate post‑exercise IL‑6 and hepcidin levels. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(9), 1715-1724, Germany, Springer, DOI: 10.1007/s00421-016-3426-7.
  • Sim, M., Dawson, B., Landers, G., Swinkels, D., Tjalsma, H., Yeap, B., Trinder, D., Peeling, P., (2015), Oral contraception does not alter typical post-exercise interleukin-6 and hepcidin levels in females. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(1), 8-12, New South Wales, Australia, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2013.11.008.
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