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Professor Jonathan Hodgson

Jonathan Hodgson is Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology in the School of Medical and Health Sciences. He holds a National Health and Medical Research Council Senior Research Fellowship, and conducts research to better understand the impact of diet on vascular health.


Jonathan Hodgson has a B Agr Sc from La Trobe University and a PhD from Monash University. His research is based at the Royal Perth Hospital Medical Research Foundation, where he conducts randomised controlled trials, observational epidemiology and laboratory-based studies directed at understanding how plant-based diets benefit vascular health.

Professional Associations

  • Nutrition Society of Australia
  • Australian Atherosclerosis Society
  • High Blood Pressure Research Council of Australia
  • Australian and New Zealand Obesity Society

Awards and Recognition

  • 2013 – Nutrition Society of Australia Medal for Excellence in Nutrition Research

Research Areas and Interests

The primary objective of my research is to better understand the impact of particular diets and dietary components on vascular health. This is achieved through the use of randomised controlled trials and observational epidemiological studies, which are strongly supported by laboratory-based methods. The main health outcome studied is cardiovascular disease: the number one cause of death world-wide. My research explores how specific dietary components, such as nitrate (found mainly in green leafy vegetables), flavonoids (compounds derived from fruits and tea) and their food sources enhance vascular health. It establishes efficacy of defined approaches to increasing the intake of plant foods including fruits, vegetables and whole grains.


  • Doctor of Philosophy, Monash University, 1992.


Recent Research Grants

  • Dietary approaches to enhance vascular health,  National Health and Medical Research Council,  Research Fellowships,  2017 - 2022,  $631,370.
  • A new Western Australian flavonoid-rich apple, BravoTM, and vascular health,  Edith Cowan University,  ECU Industry Collaboration Grant - 2017 Open Round,  2018 - 2020,  $140,778.
  • Consumption of Nitrate-rich vegetables to reduce blood pressure,  National Health and Medical Research Council,  Project Grants,  2016 - 2019,  $435,364.
  • Developing a national database for vitamin K1 and K2 content in food,  Royal Perth Hospital Medical Research Foundation,  Seeding Grant,  2018 - 2019,  $17,331.

Recent Publications (within the last five years)

Journal Articles

  • Davis, C., Hodgson, J., Bryan, J., Garg, M., Woodman, R., Murphy, K., (2017), Older Australians Can Achieve High Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet during a 6 Month Randomised Intervention; Results from the Medley Study. Nutrients, 9(6), Article Number: 534, Basel, Switzerland, MDPI-AG, DOI: 10.3390/nu9060534.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Hodgson, J., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Lim, W., Wong, G., Zhu, K., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Prince, R., (2017), Vegetable and Fruit Intake and Fracture-Related Hospitalisations: A Prospective Study of Older Women. Nutrients, 9(5), Article number 511, Basel, Switzerland, MDPI AG, DOI: 10.3390/nu9050511.
  • Davis, C., Bryan, J., Hodgson, J., Woodman, R., Murphy, K., (2017), A Mediterranean Diet Reduces F2-Isoprostanes and Triglycerides among Older Australian Men and Women after 6 Months. The Journal of Nutrition, 147(7), 1348-1355, United States, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.3945/jn.117.248419.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Zhu, K., Lim, W., Woodman, R., Beilin, L., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2017), Cruciferous and allium vegetable intakes are inversely associated with 15-year Atherosclerotic Vascular disease deaths in older adult women. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(10), Article number e006558, United States, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.006558.
  • Davis, C., Hodgson, J., Woodman, R., Bryan, J., Wilson , C., Murphy, K., (2017), A mediterranean diet lowers blood pressure and improves endothelial function: results from the MedLey randomized intervention trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 105(6), 1305-1313, Maryland, United States, American Society for Nutrition, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.116.146803.
  • Lim, W., Wong, G., Lewis, J., Lok, C., Polkinghorne, K., Hodgson, J., Lim, E., Prince, R., (2017), Total volume and composition of fluid intake and mortality in older women: a cohort study. BMJ Open, 7(3), Article number e011720, BMJ Publishing Group, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011720.
  • Wade, A., Davis, C., Dyer, K., Hodgson, J., Woodman, R., Keage, H., Murphy, K., (2017), A Mediterranean Diet to Improve Cardiovascular and Cognitive Health: Protocol for a Randomised Controlled Intervention Study. Nutrients, 9(2), Article number 145, Basel, Switzerland, MDPIAG, DOI: 10.3390/nu9020145.
  • Bondonno, N., Lewis, J., Blekkenhorst, L., Shivappa, N., Woodman, R., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Hebert, J., Thompson, P., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2017), Dietary inflammatory index in relation to sub-clinical atherosclerosis and atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality in older women. British Journal of Nutrition, 117(11), 1577-1586, United States, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114517001520.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Bondonno, C., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Croft, K., Lim, W., Wong, G., Beilin, L., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2017), Association of dietary nitrate with atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality: a prospective cohort study of older adult women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 106(1), 207-216, Maryland, USA, American Society for Nutrition, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.116.146761.
  • Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., (2017), The cardiovascular health benefits of apples: Whole fruit vs. isolated compounds. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 69(April 2017), 243-256, United Kingdom, Pergamon Press, DOI: 10.1016/j.tifs.2017.04.012.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Prince, R., Ward, N., Croft, K., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Shinde, S., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., Bondonno, C., (2017), Development of a reference database for assessing dietary nitrate in vegetables. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 61(8), Article no. 1600982, Weinheim, Germany, Wiley - VCH Verlag, DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.201600982.
  • Boon, E., Croft, K., Shinde, S., Hodgson, J., Ward, N., (2017), The acute effect of coffee on endothelial function and glucose metabolism following a glucose loadin healthy human volunteers. Food and Function, 8(17 Aug 2017), 3366-3373, United Kingdom, Royal Society of Chemistry.
  • Bondonno, C., Blekkenhorst, L., Prince, R., Ivey, K., Lewis, J., Devine, A., Woodman, R., Lundberg, J., Croft, K., Thompson, P., Hodgson, J., (2017), Association of vegetable nitrate intake with Carotid Atherosclerosis and Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease in older women. Stroke, 48(7), 1724-1729, United States, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.016844.
  • Ivey, K., Rimm, E., Kraft, P., Clish, C., Cassidy, A., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Wolpin, B., Liang, L., (2017), Identifying the metabolomic fingerprint of high and low flavonoid consumers. Journal of Nutritional Science, 6(e34), 10p., United States, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/jns.2017.27.
  • Ivey, K., Jensen, M., Hodgson, J., Eliassen, AH., Cassidy, A., Rimm, E., (2017), Association of flavonoid-rich foods and flavonoids with risk of all-cause mortality. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 117(10), 1470-1477, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114517001325.
  • Knight, A., Bryan, J., Wilson, C., Hodgson, J., Davis, C., Murphy, K., (2016), The Mediterranean diet and cognitive function among healthy older adults in a 6-month randomised controlled trial: the MedLey study. Nutrients, 8(9), Article no#579, Switzerland, MDPI AG, DOI: 10.3390/nu8090579.
  • Bakker, JR., Bondonno, N., Gaspari, TA., Kemp-Harper, BK., McCashney, AJ., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Ward, N., (2016), Low dose dietary nitrate improves endothelial dysfunction and plaque stability in the ApoE?/? mouse fed a high fat diet. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 99(2016), 189-198, Philadelphia, USA, Elsevier Inc., DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.08.009.
  • Bondonno, C., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., (2016), Dietary nitrate, nitric oxide, and cardiovascular health. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 56(12), 2036-2052, Taylor and Francis Inc., DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2013.811212.
  • Hodgson, J., Prince, R., Woodman, R., Bondonno, C., Ivey, K., Bondonno, N., Rimm, E., Ward, N., Croft, K., Lewis, J., (2016), Apple intake is inversely associated with all-cause and disease-specific mortality in elderly women. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science , 115(5), 860-867, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114515005231.
  • Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Rich, L., Mas, E., Shinde, S., Ward, N., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., (2016), Acute effects of quercetin-3-O-glucoside on endothelial function and blood pressure: a randomized dose-response study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 104(1), 97-103, American Society for Nutrition, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.116.131268.
  • Foyer, C., Lam, H., Nguyen, H., Siddique, K., Varshney, R., Colmer, T., Cowling, W., Bramley, H., Mori, T., Hodgson, J., Cooper, J., Miller, A., Kunert, K., Vorster, J., Cullis, C., Ozga, J., Wahlqvist, M., Liang, Y., Shou, H., Shi, K., Yu, J., Fodor, N., Kaiser, B., Wong, F., Valliyodan, B., Considine, M., (2016), Neglecting legumes has compromised human health and sustainable food production. Nature Plants, 2(8), Article no. 16112, Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., DOI: 10.1038/NPLANTS.2016.112.
  • Jiang, R., Hodgson, J., Mas, E., Croft, K., Ward, N., (2016), Chlorogenic acid improves ex vivo vessel function and protects endothelial cells against HOCl-induced oxidative damage, via increased production of nitric oxide and induction of Hmox-1. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 27(2016), 53-60, Elsevier Inc., DOI: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2015.08.017.
  • Bondonno, N., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Lim, W., Wong, G., Schousboe, J., Woodman, R., Kiel, D., Bondonno, C., Ward, N., Croft, K., Hodgson, J., (2016), Fruit intake and abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: A prospective cohort study. Nutrients, 8(3), Article no. 159, MDPI AG, DOI: 10.3390/nu8030159.
  • Ivey, K., Croft, K., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2016), Comparison of flavonoid intake assessment. Food and Function, 7(9), 3748-3759, DOI: 10.1039/c4fo00234b.
  • Mori, T., Burke, V., Zilkens, R., Hodgson, J., Beilin, L., Puddey, I., (2016), The effects of alcohol on ambulatory blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: a randomized intervention. Journal of Hypertension, 34(3), 421-428.
  • Ward, N., Hodgson, J., Woodman, R., Zimmerman, D., Poquet, L., Leveques, A., Actis-Goretta, L., Puddey, I., Croft, K., (2016), Acute effects of chlorogenic acids on endothelial function and blood pressure in healthy men and women. Food and Function, 7(5), 2197-2203, Royal Society of Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/c6fo00248j.
  • Ivey, K., Hodgson, J., Kerr, D., Thompson, P., Stojceski, B., Prince, RL., (2015), The effect of yoghurt and its probiotics on blood pressure and serum lipid profile; a randomised controlled trial. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 25(1), 46-51, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2014.07.012.
  • Knight, A., Bryan, J., Wilson, C., Hodgson, J., Murphy, K., (2015), A randomised controlled intervention trial evaluating the efficacy of a Mediterranean dietary pattern on cognitive function and psychological wellbeing in healthy older adults: the MedLey study. BMC Geriatrics, 15(1), Article no. 55, BioMed Central Ltd., DOI: 10.1186/s12877-015-0054-8.
  • Bondonno, C., Liu, A., Croft, K., Ward, N., Shinde, S., Moodley, Y., Lundberg, J., Puddey, I., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., (2015), Absence of an effect of high nitrate intake from beetroot juice on blood pressure in treated hypertensive individuals: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 102(2), 368-375, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.114.101188.
  • Davis, C., Bryan, J., Hodgson, J., Wilson, C., Dhillon, V., Murphy, K., (2015), A randomised controlled intervention trial evaluating the efficacy of an Australianised Mediterranean diet compared to the habitual Australian diet on cognitive function, psychological wellbeing and cardiovascular health in healthy older adults (MedLey study): protocol paper. BMC Nutrition, 1(35), 12p., BioMed Central, DOI: 10.1186/s40795-015-0033-7.
  • Blekkenhorst, L., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., Lim, W., Zhu, K., Devine, A., Thompson, P., Lewis, J., (2015), Dietary saturated fat intake and atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality in elderly women: a prospective cohort study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 101(6), 1263-1268, Bethesda, USA, American Society for Nutrition, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.114.102392.
  • Bondonno, C., Liu, A., Croft, K., Considine, M., Puddey, I., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., (2015), Antibacterial Mouthwash Blunts Oral Nitrate Reduction and Increases Blood Pressure in Treated Hypertensive Men and Women. American Journal of Hypertension, 28(5), 572-575, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpu192.
  • Bondonno, C., Croft, K., Ward, N., Considine, M., Hodgson, J., (2015), Dietary flavonoids and nitrate: effects on nitric oxide and vascular function. Nutrition Reviews, 73(4), 216-235, Oxford University Press, DOI: 10.1093/nutrit/nuu014.
  • Ivey, K., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Lewis, J., Prince, R., (2015), Flavonoid intake and all-cause mortality. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 101(5), 1012-1020, American Society for Nutrition, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.113.073106.
  • Gostner, JM., Becker, K., Croft, K., Woodman, RJ., Puddey, IB., Fuchs, D., Hodgson, J., (2015), Regular consumption of black tea increases circulating kynurenine concentrations: A randomized controlled trial. BBA Clinical, 3(2015), 31-35, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.bbacli.2014.11.007.
  • Bondonno, C., Liu, A., Croft, K., Ward, N., Puddey, I., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., (2015), Short-Term Effects of a High Nitrate Diet on Nitrate Metabolism in Healthy Individuals. Nutrients, 7(3), 1906-1915, MDPI AG, DOI: 10.3390/nu7031906.
  • Davis, C., Bryan, J., Hodgson, J., Wilson, C., Murphy, K., (2015), Older Australians can adhere to a traditional Mediterranean style diet over two weeks: a pilot dietary intervention study. BMC Nutrition, 1(28), 1-10, BioMed Central, DOI: 10.1186/s40795-015-0021-y.
  • Bondonno, N., Bondonno, C., Hodgson, J., Ward, N., Croft, K., (2015), The efficacy of quercetin in cardiovascular health. Current Nutrition Reports, 4(4), 290-303, DOI: 10.1007/s13668-015-0137-3.
  • Cheong, JD., Croft, KD., Henry, PD., Matthews, V., Hodgson, J., Ward, N., (2014), Green coffee polyphenols do not attenuate features of the metabolic syndrome and improve endothelial function in mice fed a high fat diet. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 559(2014), 46-52, Maryland Heights, USA, Academic Press Inc., DOI: 10.1016/
  • Ivey, K., Hodgson, J., Kerr, D., Lewis, J., Thompson, P., Prince, R., (2014), The effects of probiotic bacteria on glycaemic control in overweight men and women: a randomised controlled trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 68(4), 447-452, Nature Publishing Group, DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.294.
  • Bondonno, C., Downey, L., Croft, K., Scholey, A., Stough, C., Yang, X., Considine, M., Ward, N., Puddey, I., Swinny, E., Mubarak, A., Hodgson, J., (2014), The acute effect of flavonoid-rich apples and nitrate-rich spinach on cognitive performance and mood in healthy men and women. Food and Function, 5(5), 849-858, Royal Society of Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/c3fo60590f.
  • Hodgson, J., Woodman, R., Croft, K., Ward, N., Bondonno, C., Puddey, I., Lukoshkova, E., Head, G., (2014), Relationships of vascular function with measures of ambulatory blood pressure variation. Atherosclerosis, 233(1), 48-54, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.12.026.
  • Bohn, S., Croft, K., Burrows, S., Puddey, I., Mulder, T., Fuchs, D., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., (2014), Effects of black tea on body composition and metabolic outcomes related to cardiovascular disease risk: A randomized controlled trial. Food and Function, 5(7), 1613-1620, The Royal Society of Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/c4fo00209a.
  • Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Woodman, R., Puddey, I., Bondonno, C., Wu, J., Beilin, L., Lukoshkova, E., Head, G., Ward, N., (2014), Effects of vitamin E, vitamin C and polyphenols on the rate of blood pressure variation: results of two randomised controlled trials. British Journal of Nutrition, 112(9), 1551-1561, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114514002542.
  • Bondonno, C., Liu, A., Croft, K., Ward, N., Yang, X., Considine, M., Puddey, I., Woodman, R., Hodgson, J., (2014), Short-term effects of nitrate-rich green leafty vegetables on blood pressure and arterial stiffness in individuals with high-normal blood pressure. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 77(December), 353-362, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2014.09.021.
  • Yang, X., Bondonno, C., Indrawan, A., Hodgson, J., Croft, K., (2013), An improved mass spectrometry-based measurement of NO metabolites in biological fluids. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 56(2013), 1-8, Philadelphia, USA, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.12.002.
  • Mubarak, A., Hodgson, J., Considine, M., Croft, K., Matthews, V., (2013), Supplementation of a High-Fat Diet with Chlorogenic Acid Is Associated with Insulin Resistance and Hepatic Lipid Accumulation in Mice. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61(18), 4371-4378, American Chemical Society, DOI: 10.1021/jf400920x.
  • Liu, A., Bondonno, C., Croft, K., Puddey, I., Woodman, R., Rich, L., Ward, N., Vita, J., Hodgson, J., (2013), Effects of a nitrate-rich meal on arterial stiffness and blood pressure in healthy volunteers. Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry, 35(2013), 123-130, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.niox.2013.10.001.
  • Crichton, G., Bryan, J., Hodgson, J., Murphy, K., (2013), Mediterranean diet adherence and self-reported psychological functioning in an Australian sample. Appetite, 70(2013), 53-59, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Elsevier BV, DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2013.06.088.
  • Hodgson, J., Croft, K., Woodman, R., Puddey, I., Fuchs, D., Draijer, R., Lukoshkova, E., Head, G., (2013), Black tea lowers the rate of blood pressure variation: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 97(5), 943-950, Bethesda, USA, American Society for Nutrition, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.112.051375.
  • Ivey, K., Lewis, J., Prince, R., Hodgson, J., (2013), Tea and non-tea flavonol intakes in relation to atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality in older women. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science , 110(9), 1648-1655, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press.
  • Hodgson, J., Woodman, R., Puddey, I., Mulder, T., Fuchs, D., Croft, K., (2013), Short-term effects of polyphenol-rich black tea on blood pressure in men and women. Food and Function, 4(1), 111-115, Cambridge, UK, Royal Society of Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/c2fo30186e.
  • Ivey, K., Lewis, J., Lim, W., Lim, E., Hodgson, J., Prince, R., (2013), Associations of Proanthocyanidin Intake with Renal Function and Clinical Outcomes in Elderly Women. PLoS One, 8(8), Article No. e7166, San Francisco, USA, Public Library of Science, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071166.
  • Shen, Y., Ward, N., Hodgson, J., Puddey, I., Wang, Y., Zhang, D., Maghzal, G., Stocker, R., Croft, K., (2013), Dietary quercetin attenuates oxidant-induced endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout mice fed a high-fat diet: A critical role for heme oxygenase-1. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 65(2013), 908-915, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.08.185.
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